Financial Theory Articles

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  1. Analyzing General Motors Company's Return on Equity (GM)

    Understand General Motors' return on equity (ROE) in recent years and what it tells investors about its overall performance ...
  2. General Electric's 3 Key Financial Ratios (GE)

    Understand the fundamental business reasons behind some of GE's lackluster financial ratios and know how to interpret the ...
  3. Priceline Group's 3 Key Financial Ratios (PCLN)

    Understand how the online travel agent market has evolved and how Priceline's financial ratios prove that it has successfully ...
  4. Costco P/E Ratio: A Quick Analysis

    A quick calculation and analysis of Costco's P/E ratio.
  5. How to Attend Berkshire Hathaway's Annual Meeting (BRK.A, BRK.B)

    An overview of what is required to go to the Berkshire Hathaway Annual General Meeting.
  6. Rite Aid P/E Ratio: A Quick Analysis (RAD, CVS)

    A quick analysis for the P/E ratio of Rite Aid Corp.
  7. Altria's P/E Ratio: A Quick Analysis (MO, RAI)

    Here's a look at Altria's price-to-earnings ratio and other metrics, and how the stock compares with rival Reynolds American.
  8. JP Morgan Stock: A Dividend Analysis (JPM)

    Explore an detailed analysis of JPMorgan Chase's dividend and financial statements, and look at an analysis of its competitors' ...
  9. Breaking Down The Geometric Mean

    Understanding portfolio performance, whether for a self-managed, discretionary portfolio or a non-discretionary portfolio, ...
  10. 4 Utility Stocks that Outperformed Since 2010

    A look at four utility stocks that have outperformed the market for the last five years.
  11. T-Mobile's 3 Key Financial Ratios (TMUS)

    Learn about how certain financial ratios say about T-Mobile's business and why the ratio are where they are, plus what it ...
  12. Qualcomm's 3 Key Financial Ratios (QCOM)

    Understand what some of the financial ratios say about Qualcomm's changing business and what the future may hold for the ...
  13. Microsoft's 3 Key Financial Ratios (MSFT)

    Find out what the important financial ratios for Microsoft are and how they are applied to explain certain aspects of the ...
  14. Netflix's 3 Key Financial Ratios (NFLX)

    Understand the important financial ratios used to analyze growth companies such as Netflix, and what any ratio changes may ...
  15. Analyzing Ford's Return on Equity (ROE)

    Understand how to interpret Ford's recent return on equity (ROE) ratios, what they tell you about Ford's performance and ...
  16. AT&T's 3 Key Financial Ratios

    Understand how operating cash flow and debt usage are closely related to A&T's business, and why cash efficiency matters ...
  17. Understanding the Accounting of Private Equity Funds

    Read about private equity accounting and how it is different than that of other investment vehicles. The nature of private ...
  18. Home Depot's 6 Key Financial Ratios (HD)

    Learn about important financial ratios used to determine the performance of retailer Home Depot; these give a quick snapshot ...
  19. Chevron's 3 Key Financial Ratios (CVX)

    Learn about key financial ratios for Chevron. See how the company is paying a decent dividend yield and has manageable debt ...
  20. Microsoft's New Reporting Structure: A Closer Look (MSFT)

    Learn about the changes being made to the reporting structure of Microsoft's books and how they will affect the way investors ...
  21. Hewlett-Packard Company's 3 Key Financial Ratios (HPQ)

    Appreciate the business complexity behind the financial ratios for HP and understand how the ratios may be stated differently ...
  22. Yahoo's 3 Key Financial Ratios (YHOO)

    Understand key financial ratios that help explain Yahoo's current revenue and profit situations, as well as its P/E ratio ...
  23. Emerging Markets: Analyzing Russia's GDP

    Understanding the GDP composition of the world's largest country, Russia.
  24. 6 Wholly Owned Subsidiaries of Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.A, BRK.B)

    A look at some of the more than 50 privately held companies completely owned by Berkshire Hathaway.
  25. Kraft Heinz Company Stock: A Dividend Analysis (KHC)

    Read about the Kraft Heinz Company and its dividend. Explore the merged company's dividend strategy and what adding a stock ...
  26. 3 Waste Management Stocks That Outperformed Since 2010

    A look at three stocks in the environmental and waste management industry that have outperformed the market for the last ...
  27. Roche Stock: A Dividend Analysis

    Learn about Roche's financial strength via an examination of its financial statements, and discover the security of the company's ...
  28. Amazon's 3 Key Financial Ratios (AMZN)

    Get insights into the important financial ratios behind the Amazon growth story, and understand the implications as the ratios ...
  29. Wal-Mart's Share Repurchase Isn't All Good

    Wal-Mart announced huge internal investments along with an aggressive share repurchase program that isn't as good as it initially ...
  30. 5 Tips For Diversifying Your Portfolio

    A diversified portfolio will protect you in a tough market. Get some solid tips here!
  31. An Introduction To Depreciation

    Companies make choices and assumptions in calculating depreciation, and you need to know how these affect the bottom line. ...
  32. PEG Ratio Nails Down Value Stocks

    Learn how this simple calculation can help you determine a stock's earnings potential.
  33. How Pawnshops Make Money

    Learn about the various ways that a pawn shop makes money, including the primary revenue sources of making personal loans ...
  34. 4 Iconic Financial Companies That No Longer Exist

    Learn how poor management, frauds, scandals or mergers wiped out some of the most recognizable brands in the finance industry ...
  35. Wal-Mart vs. Target: Which One Is A Bigger Threat To Amazon? (AMZN, WMT)

    Walmart and Target both revealed multi-year plans to grow their businesses. Which of these two retailers is the biggest threat ...
  36. Using Money Orders

    Money orders are usually the least expensive way to send "cleared" funds to pay a bill (or traffic ticket). Here's how they ...
  37. What Was The Glass-Steagall Act?

    Established in 1933 and repealed in 1999, the Glass-Steagall Act had good intentions but mixed results.
  38. Understanding The Escrow Process

    Learn the 10 steps that lead up to closing the deal on your new home and taking possession.
  39. Time Value Of Money: Determining Your Future Worth

    Determining monthly contributions to college funds, retirement plans or savings is easy with this calculation.
  40. Operating Cash Flow: Better Than Net Income?

    Differences between accrual accounting and cash flows show why net income is easier to manipulate.
  41. 4 Gambling Stocks that Outperformed Since 2010 (CHDN, MPEL)

    A look at four stocks in the casino and gambling industry that outperformed the market for the last five years.
  42. A Slowdown is Hitting Quest Diagnostics (DGX)

    Quest Diagnostics holds an interesting position in the healthcare value market, but the company faces a few challenges.
  43. Boeing Co. Stock: A Dividend Analysis (BA)

    Learn about The Boeing Company, its financials and its dividends, which may signal further dividend growth due to its increasing ...
  44. Analyzing Porter's Five Forces on Apple (AAPL)

    Evaluate Apple's position in the marketplace by looking at it through the perspective of the Porter Five Forces Model for ...
  45. Starbucks' 6 Key Financial Ratios (SBUX)

    Discover the key financial ratios that are important when analyzing the financial health, profitability and efficiency of ...
  46. Why Contrarian Investing Is Not Very Smart

    Like most allegedly sure-fire methods in the investment industry, this one has its flaws too.
  47. How Disney (DIS) Has Managed to Deliver for Decades

    The Walt Disney Co. is only an animation studio in the same way that Johnson & Johnson is only a baby powder manufacturer.
  48. Oracle's 4 Key Financial Ratios (ORCL)

    Learn about Oracle's sales growth rate, debt/equity ratio, return on equity and operating margin, and find out how they affect ...
  49. How Duke Energy (DUK) Earns its Money

    Duke Energy is one of the quietest large companies in America. Few people outside of the Southeastern U.S. know about this ...
  50. Investment Value Vs. Fair Market Value: How They Differ

    Learn about the differences between an asset's investment value and its fair market value, including why many think fair ...
  51. Berkshire Hathaway's 4 Key Financial Ratios (BRK.B, BRK.A)

    Read about the key financial ratios to analyze Berkshire Hathaway. Understand why Buffett likes companies with low debt/equity ...
  52. Bank of America Stock: A Dividend Analysis (BAC)

    Learn about Bank of America, one of the largest U.S. financial institutions, its dividend policy, dividend yield, dividend ...
  53. 2 Of the Cheapest Large Cap Stocks to Buy (NOV, GPS)

    It might not be as exciting as owning a hot new tech company, but investing in an out of favor large-cap stock has some benefits.
  54. What Happens To Your Student Debt If You Die?

    What happens to student debt when you die? It all depends on the lending agency.
  55. Advantages of Maintaining Low Working Capital

    Understand the benefits and advantages of maintaining low working capital as related to liquidity needs, capital allocation ...
  56. Walt Disney Stock: A Dividend Analysis

    Learn about the Walt Disney Corporation, its dividend policy, historic dividend yields and the company's dividend prospects ...
  57. Johnson & Johnson Stock: A Dividend Analysis (JNJ)

    Explore a detailed analysis of Johnson & Johnson's dividend policy, and learn about the dividend policies of its competitors, ...
  58. Home Depot Stock: A Dividend Analysis (HD)

    Learn about Home Depot, Inc., its dividend policy, historic dividend yields, overall safety of dividends going forward and ...
  59. Gilead Sciences Stock: A Dividend Analysis (GILD)

    Discover analysis of the dividend policy of Gilead Sciences, Inc., and learn about its historical earnings growth and the ...
  60. General Electric Stock: A Dividend Analysis

    Read a detailed analysis of the dividend policy of General Electric Company, and explore a comparison of the dividend policies ...
  61. Computing Historical Volatility in Excel

    We examine how annualized historical volatility is computed from daily log returns, variance and standard deviation.
  62. Chevron Stock: A Dividend Analysis (CVX)

    Discover a detailed analysis of Chevron's dividend policy, and learn about the dividend policies of its competitors Exxon ...
  63. Citigroup Stock: A Dividend Analysis

    Discover a detailed analysis of Citigroup's dividend policy, and explore a comparison between the dividend policies of its ...
  64. Wells Fargo Stock: A Dividend Analysis (WFC)

    Take a look at a fundamental analysis of Wells Fargo & Company as a potential investment in the banking industry, especially ...
  65. Royal Dutch Stock: A Dividend Analysis (RDS-A)

    Learn about Royal Dutch Shell's strong track record of paying dividends. Understand how a dividend cut may be a risk with ...
  66. ABInBev and SABMiller Merger: The Facts (BUD, TAP)

    Beer is a big business. In the United States, beer sales generated more that $101 billion in revenue.
  67. CVS Stock: A Dividend Analysis

    Learn about CVS Health and its dividends, which are poised to go up in the future due to favorable developments in health ...
  68. ConocoPhillips Stock: A Dividend Analysis

    Discover a detailed analysis of ConocoPhillips' dividend policy, and explore a comparison between the dividend policies of ...
  69. Does the Dell/EMC Deal Make Financial Sense?

    Last week, Dell announced it would be buying IT provider EMC in a $67 billion deal, making it the largest technology deal ...
  70. 7 Smart Ways to Raise Cash Fast

    You suddenly need money for an unexpected expense. What are the most effective, least financially damaging ways to get it?
  71. 4 Ways Simple Interest Is Used In Real Life

    Simple interest works in your favor when you're a borrower, but against you when you're an investor.
  72. Best Ways to Send Large Sums of Money Abroad

    Understand why it may be difficult to send large sums of money internationally. Learn about the top five ways to send large ...
  73. Create a Monte Carlo Simulation Using Excel

    How to apply the Monte Carlo Simulation principles to a game of dice using Microsoft Excel.
  74. Top Reasons IPO Valuations Miss The Mark (MS, ZNGA)

    The costly services of investment banks don’t necessarily guarantee accuracy in IPO pricing.
  75. The Importance Of Tracking The Whisper Number (AAPL, FB)

    Don't let the name fool you: Whisper numbers are making themselves heard. Here's why you should be paying attention.
  76. How Does Fundera Work and Make Money?

    Learn more about Fundera, the online loan broker service agency, and discover what it offers and how it makes money through ...
  77. Emerging Markets: Analyzing The Philippines' GDP

    Although its growth rate was mediocre in the past, the Philippines is slowly yet steadily emerging as a rising tiger.
  78. Career Advice: Investment Banking Vs. Equity Research

    Read an in-depth analysis of equity research and investment banking careers, and learn what it is like to work in either ...
  79. Difference Between Restructuring and Refinancing

    Refinancing and restructuring are very different debt reorganization processes to improve finances and avoid bankruptcy. ...
  80. Emerging Markets: Analyzing Indonesia's GDP

    We look at the GDP of Indonesia, which bore the brunt of the Asian financial crisis but weathered the 2008 financial crisis ...
  81. Cash Flow Lending Vs. Asset-Based Lending

    When companies need financing, they rely on two primary forms of lending: cash flow-based and asset-based lending. We look ...
  82. Emerging Markets: Analyzing South Korea's GDP

    South Korea's transition from a war-devastated poor country to an affluent developed nation presents a phenomenal growth ...
  83. The Importance of Dividends in Your Portfolio

    Learn some of the primary reasons why dividends constitute a critical factor in the overall performance of a stock investor's ...
  84. The Future of The TV Business Model

    Thanks to Netflix and Hulu, modes of distribution are in flux. What does that mean for the TV industry as we know it?
  85. Comparing Spin-offs, Split-Offs and Carve-Outs

    Spin-offs, split-offs and carve-outs are three methods a company can use to divest certain assets, a division or a subsidiary. ...
  86. How Inflation Affects Your Cash Savings

    Prices tend to rise over time and this inflation can cut into the value of your savings. Here are some ways you can manage ...
  87. Emerging Markets: Analyzing Mexico's GDP

    Examining the gross domestic product growth and composition of Mexico, the second largest economy in Latin America
  88. What Causes Inflation in the United States

    Inflation is the main catalyst behind U.S monetary policy. But what causes this phenomenon of sustained rising prices? Read ...
  89. Why do Debt to Equity Ratios Vary From Industry to Industry?

    Obtain a better understanding of the debt/equity ratio, and learn why this fundamental financial metric varies significantly ...
  90. Emerging Markets: Analyzing India's GDP

    With a shift towards manufacturing and services, India could be the next emerging market superstar. Here, we provide a detailed ...
  91. How Original Series Disrupt the TV Business Model

    Two decades ago, a network could make a decent profit airing "Full House" reruns. Now viewers expect CGI dragons, A-list ...
  92. A Day in the Life of an Equity Research Analyst

    What does an equity research analyst do on an everyday basis?
  93. How To Calculate Minority Interest

    Minority interest calculations require the use of minority shareholders’ percentage ownership of a subsidiary, after controlling ...
  94. Key Financial Ratios to Analyze the Mining Industry

    Discover some the most important financial ratios used by investors and analysts to evaluate companies in the metals and ...
  95. Key Financial Ratios to Analyze Airline Companies

    Examine some of the most important financial ratios and performance metrics investors use to evaluate companies in the airline ...
  96. Key Financial Ratios to Analyze Retail Banks

    Learn about key financial metrics that investors use to evaluate retail banks, and how the industry is fundamentally different ...
  97. Key Financial Ratios to Analyze Tech Companies

    Understand the technology industry and the companies that operate in it. Learn about the key financial ratios used to analyze ...
  98. Key Financial Ratios to Analyze the Hospitality Industry

    Understand the hospitality industry and the types of companies that operate within it. Learn about key financial ratios used ...
  99. Startup Analysis: How Much Is Palantir Worth?

    Learn about the private company Palantir, its valuation and how its valuation was derived. Understand how the company operates ...
  100. How AQR Places Bets Against Beta

    Learn how the bet against beta strategy is used by a large hedge fund to profit from a pricing anomaly in the stock market ...
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Hot Definitions
  1. Dividend Yield

    A financial ratio that shows how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its share price.
  2. Fixed-Income Security

    An investment that provides a return in the form of fixed periodic payments and the eventual return of principal at maturity. ...
  3. Free Cash Flow - FCF

    A measure of financial performance calculated as operating cash flow minus capital expenditures. Free cash flow (FCF) represents ...
  4. Leverage Ratio

    Any ratio used to calculate the financial leverage of a company to get an idea of the company's methods of financing or to ...
  5. Two And Twenty

    A type of compensation structure that hedge fund managers typically employ in which part of compensation is performance based. ...
  6. Market Capitalization

    The total dollar market value of all of a company's outstanding shares. Market capitalization is calculated by multiplying ...
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