Financial Theory Articles

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  1. Interested In Pharmaceutical Stocks? Try Novartis (ADR)

    Novartis AG, is the world's leading pharmaceutical company by sales. Here is a closer look at Novartis, and how its financials ...
  2. Valuation Models: Apple's Stock Analysis With CAPM

    Despite several drawbacks, the CAPM gives an overview of the level of return that investors should expect for bearing only ...
  3. Examples To Understand The Binomial Option Pricing Model

    Binomial option pricing model, based on risk neutral valuation, offers a unique alternative to Black-Scholes. Here are detailed ...
  4. The Pros and Cons of a Weak Euro

    The lingering Eurozone crisis has caused the euro to decline against the U.S. dollar. Who are the real winners and losers ...
  5. The Advantages And Disadvantages Of The CAPM Model

    CAPM, while criticized for its unrealistic assumptions, provides a more useful outcome than either the DDM or WACC in many ...
  6. Indeed vs. LinkedIn

    There are a large number of employment websites to choose from and not all of them operate the same way, making finding a ...
  7. Arbitrage Opportunities in Spread Betting

    While the opportunities are few and far between, investors may use arbitrage to take advantage of price differences in financial ...
  8. Financial Planning For Veterans

    Veterans or all kinds have special needs when it comes to financial planning. Here are some tips as well as a comprehensive ...
  9. How Do Recalls Affect A Company?

    A product recall is the process of retrieving and replacing defective goods for consumers. When a company issues a recall, ...
  10. Why Do Penny Stocks Fail?

    Penny stocks are speculative and highly risky investments. Lack of government and stock exchange oversight and general information ...
  11. How Drones Are Changing The Business World

    The economic impacts associated with UAV integration consist of job creation and billion dollar growth.
  12. How To Calculate Goodwill

    Goodwill is an intangible, but it is still possible to effectively calculate or estimate goodwill for a company.
  13. What accountants do

    An analysis of the accountant profession, who becomes an accountant, what they do, where they work, and salary ranges.
  14. Top 5 IPO Hits of 2014

    In 2014, stock markets traded at record levels and the US IPO market enjoyed activity not seen since the 2000 tech bubble. ...
  15. Top 5 IPO Flops Of 2014

    Despite a booming market, some IPOs crashed and burned. Sure, going public brings a flood of capital, but it can also expose ...
  16. Monte Carlo Simulation: The Basics

    A Monte Carlo simulation allows analysts and advisors to convert investment chances into choices. The advantage of Monte ...
  17. The CPA Exam: What You Need To Know

    Interested in becoming a certified public accountant? Here's what you need to know about the CPA exam.
  18. Top Tools for ERP Enterprise Resource Planning

    Top tools used in Enterprise Resource Planning with its characteristics - Explaining the main tools companies use when using ...
  19. Analysis of Companies with high goodwill

    High goodwill as a percentage of market cap can actually be a big red flag--it potentially means the company botched a major ...
  20. Starbucks As An Example Of The Value Chain Model

    Management consulting guru Micahel Porter developed the value chain model in 1985; here's how it works, using a well-known ...
  21. How Mergers and Acquisitions Can Affect A Company

    M&A can have a profound effect on a company’s growth prospects and outlook, but with a significant degree of risk.
  22. Rewrite Your Finance Industry Resume & Get Hired

    Looking for a job in the financial services industry? Here's how to write a resume that gets you noticed.
  23. A Guide To Japan’s Nikkei 225 Index

    If you want to keep your finger on the pulse of the Japanese economy and stock market pay attention to the bellwether Nikkei ...
  24. How to Use the Gearing Ratio

    The gearing ratio is a figure that compares a company’s owners’ equity to the amount of money the company has borrowed.
  25. Lognormal and Normal Distribution

    When and why do you use lognormal distribution or normal distribution for analyzing securities? Lognormal for stocks, normal ...
  26. How Does Goodwill Affect Financial Statements?

    Goodwill is a bit of a paradox--intangible, yet it is recorded as an asset on the purchasing company's balance sheet.
  27. Goodwill vs Other Intangible Assets: What's the Difference?

    "Intangible" assets don't possess physical substance. Yet they are quanitfiable, and of great importance to any business. ...
  28. Should You Invest In Fannie Mae Stock?

    If you're risk-adverse, you might want to avoid investing in Fannie Mae. But if you're up for it, high risk could translate ...
  29. Finding Per Diem Rates

    Here's why per diem rates differ so widely and how to find the rate for your business destination. Also check the IRS high-low ...
  30. Tracking Your Portfolio On Yahoo! Finance

    Yahoo! Finance can sync with brokerage accounts, merge and track investments to monitor performance and help you understand ...
  31. The Government And Risk: A Love-Hate Relationship

    Though the U.S. government can help its citizens by subsidizing risky loans, the costs always come back to the taxpayers. ...
  32. Hypothesis Testing in Finance: Concept & Examples

    When you're indecisive about an investment, the best way to keep a cool head might be test various hypotheses using the most ...
  33. Material Adverse Effect A Warning Sign For Stocks

    Learn what this phrase means and how to spot it in a company's financial statements.
  34. Technical Top-Down Investing: Analyzing The Market

    The top-down investment strategy depends on economy and market strength. Find out what you should know before jumping in. ...
  35. Beware Of Wall Street's Three Big Lies

    Don't get swindled into buying snake oil from Wall Street. Find out three lies that can lead to losing investments.
  36. SEC Filings: Forms You Need To Know

    The forms companies are required to file provide a clear view of their histories and progress.
  37. Footnotes: Early Warning Signs For Investors

    These documents hold very important information, but reading them takes skill.
  38. War's Influence On Wall Street

    Blitzkrieg? Dawn raids? Sounds like the markets and the battlefield have a few things in common.
  39. Fighting Back Against Collection Lawsuits

    There are still options available to those being pursued by a creditor.
  40. How To Decode A Company's Earnings Reports

    Read between the lines to decipher a company's true financial condition.
  41. How Your Vote Can Change Corporate Policy

    Shareholders are getting a bigger say in how companies are run. Find out how you can be heard.
  42. How To Calculate A Z-Score

    Investors need to know how to detect signs of looming bankruptcy. The Z-score can help.
  43. How To Analyze Restaurant Stocks

    Don't put your money on the table before getting a taste for analyzing this sector.
  44. How Influential Economists Changed Our History

    Find out how these five groundbreaking thinkers laid our financial foundations.
  45. Tales From The Trenches: Location Is Everything

    When a candle pattern re-occurs near a moving average, it may indicate future support or resistance.
  46. Will Corporate Debt Drag Your Stock Down?

    Borrowed funds can mean a leg up for companies or the boot for investors. Find out how to tell the difference.
  47. Investment Misselling A Global Problem

    When banks and advisors focus on fees and commissions, it is investors and the market that take the hit.
  48. Get Organized With An Investment Analysis Form

    Your research will be easy if you compile all the decision-making information you need.
  49. Zooming In On Net Operating Income

    NOI is a long-run profitability measure that smart investors can count on.
  50. Creating An Invoice Template

    How to ensure your invoices include all the key information - in a design that makes them easy to find. A little effort now ...
  51. Burn Rate Key Factor In Company's Sustainability

    Be careful around companies with high cash burn rates. These investments can turn to ashes.
  52. Texas Ratio Rounds Up Bank Failures

    This measure can help investors spot potential trouble in a bank's financials. Find out how.
  53. Valuing Firms Using Present Value of Free Cash Flows

    When trying to evaluate a company, it always comes down to determining the value of the free cash flows and discounting them ...
  54. How to Value Companies With Negative Earnings

    For some investors, the possibility of stumbling upon a small biotech with a potential blockbuster drug, or a junior miner ...
  55. Accounting Rules Could Roil The Markets

    FAS 142 is an accounting rule that changes the way companies treat goodwill. Be aware of the impact it has on reported earnings ...
  56. The Leap-Year Phenomenon

    Find out if you can build a strategy around the behavior of the market in the presidential cycle.
  57. Working Capital Works

    A company's efficiency, financial strength and cash-flow health show in its management of working capital.
  58. Evaluating The Board Of Directors

    Corporate structure can tell you a lot about a company's potential. Learn more here.
  59. Top SEC EDGAR Tools For New Investors

    Navigating the plethora of data available to investors can be overwhelming. The SEC has made it a bit easier with its EDGAR ...
  60. Balance Sheet: Analyzing Owners' Equity

    Analyzing owners’ equity is an important analytics tool, but it should be done in the context of other tools such as analyzing ...
  61. Goodwill and Intangible Assets: One And The Same?

    "Goodwill" is a broad category for non-physical assets that are impossible to separate from the business itself, whereas ...
  62. 4 Psychological Traps That Are Killing Your Portfolio

    Sometimes your largest financial hurdle is our head. Learn about the common mind-traps that trip up investors.
  63. What Are The Odds Of Scoring A Winning Trade?

    Just because you're on a winning streak doesn't mean you're a skilled trader. Find out why.
  64. Countries With The Highest Fracking Potential

    Is fracking a "necessary evil," as some believe? Here are some countries with huge fracking potential--and what they stand ...
  65. A Checklist For Successful Medical Technology Investment

    Find an investment that will give your portfolio a shot in the arm.
  66. How To Efficiently Read An Annual Report

    Learn how to read between the lines and decipher the actual condition of a company.
  67. Pages From The Bad CEO Playbook

    Excess compensation, golden parachutes, tunneling and IPO spinning make these bad executives even worse.
  68. Spotting Companies In Financial Distress

    What are the warning signs that a company is struggling - or worse, sinking - financially? Read on to find out.
  69. Using Enterprise Value To Compare Companies

    Learn how enterprise value can help investors compare companies with different capital structures.
  70. Tales From Wall Street's Crypt

    Wall Street continues to attract fresh hordes of ghoulish people committing the same old crimes.
  71. Pinpoint Winning Trade Entries With Filters And Triggers

    These tools will help you enter at high-probability points and ensure you trade within your set strategy.
  72. Using Compound Indicators To Predict Market Fluctuations

    Learn how to combine average true range, simple moving average and Bollinger band indicators to gauge market volatility. ...
  73. The Uptick Rule Debate

    This rule was deemed ineffective and repealed in 2007, but critics argue it protects the market from bear raids.
  74. A Clear Look At EBITDA

    This measure has its benefits, but it can also present earnings through rose-colored glasses.
  75. ROA And ROE Give Clear Picture Of Corporate Health

    Both measure performance, but sometimes they tell a very different story. This is why they’re best used together.
  76. Beware False Signals From The P/E Ratio

    The P/E ratio is a simple tool for evaluating a company, but no one ratio can tell the whole story.
  77. Measuring Company Efficiency

    Three useful indicators for measuring a retail company's efficiency are its inventory turnaround times, its receivables and ...
  78. Reviewing Liabilities On The Balance Sheet

    As an experienced or new analyst, liabilities tell a deep story of how a company finances, plans and accounts for money it ...
  79. Analyzing Investments With Solvency Ratios

    Solvency ratios are extremely useful in helping analyze a firm’s ability to meet its long-term obligations; but like most ...
  80. Projected Returns: Honing The Craft

    Find out how to forecast long-term returns on the three major asset classes.
  81. The Importance Of Knowing Your Net Worth

    It is vital that you track your net worth no matter what your age.
  82. 5 Mental Mistakes That Affect Stock Analysts

    They know more about stocks than the average person, but analysts are still affected by biases. Find out what they are.
  83. Tales From The Trenches: Hindsight Is 20/20

    Follow along with one of ChartAdvisor's failed trades and learn from our mistakes.
  84. How To Value An Internet Stock

    An academic study, published several years after the peak of the dot-com bubble in March 2000, accurately described just ...
  85. Taking Shots At CAPM

    Find out why many investors think the capital asset pricing model is full of holes.
  86. Explaining Amortization In The Balance Sheet

    Amortization is important to account for intangible assets. Read to find out more about amortization.
  87. Analyst Recommendations: Do Sell Ratings Exist?

    Analyst reports can be an investor's best friend - but without knowing how to read them, you won't be able to fully utilize ...
  88. The Dirt On Delisted Stocks

    Listed securities are "the cream of the crop". Find out how a firm can lose that status and why you should be wary.
  89. The Pioneers Of Technical Analysis

    Every time an investor talks about getting in low or picking entry and exit points, they are paying homage to these men. ...
  90. Ancient Accounting Systems

    Learn how accounting evolved to keep records of increasingly complex transactions and civilizations.
  91. Andre Kostolany: Germany's Stock Market Guru

    We can learn a lot from Kostolany and his "steady or shaky hand" investing philosophy.
  92. The Ups And Downs Of Investing In Cyclical Stocks

    This strategy can be profitable but only if you know when to dump these stocks.
  93. Warning Signs Of A Company In Trouble

    Don't let your clients go down with ship! Learn how to escape sinking with these tips.
  94. Take On Risk With A Margin of Safety

    More common risk theories can lead to missed opportunities. Find out how margin of safety can propel your portfolio.
  95. The LLC Operating Agreement Template, And Why You Need It

    For some business owners, creating an LLC offers the best of both worlds. But your state's rules might not suit your needs. ...
  96. Modern Portfolio Theory vs. Behavioral Finance

    Modern portfolio theory and behavioral finance represent differing schools of thought that attempt to explain investor behavior. ...
  97. Earnings: Quality Means Everything

    It's quantity that generates all the hype, but there are more meaningful factors that gauge true performance.
  98. Challenges Faced When Analyzing Green Chip Stocks

    The fact that a green chip is not yet a blue chip should not alarm investors, but they need to be aware of the differences ...
  99. How To Use The Top Yahoo! Finance Tools

    Yahoo has a set of tools that rival the professional ones so individuals are not at a disadvantage. Here is a guide for investors ...
  100. Getting On The Right Side Of The P/E Ratio Trend

    Buying at the right time is crucial, but how do we know when that is?
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Hot Definitions
  1. Private Placement

    The sale of securities to a relatively small number of select investors as a way of raising capital.
  2. AAA

    The highest possible rating assigned to the bonds of an issuer by credit rating agencies. An issuer that is rated AAA has ...
  3. Backward Integration

    A form of vertical integration that involves the purchase of suppliers. Companies will pursue backward integration when it ...
  4. Pari-passu

    A Latin phrase meaning "equal footing" that describes situations where two or more assets, securities, creditors or obligations ...
  5. Interest Rate Swap

    An agreement between two parties (known as counterparties) where one stream of future interest payments is exchanged for ...
  6. Custodian

    A financial institution that holds customers' securities for safekeeping so as to minimize the risk of their theft or loss. ...
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