Financial Theory Articles

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  1. Four Breakout Stocks To Watch

    These biotechnology and pharmaceutical stocks continue to put in new highs, but indicators are diverging.
  2. The 4 R's Of Investing In Retail

    In retail, successfully managing return on investment (ROI) and other financial indicators is the key to a healthy business. ...
  3. Stock Splits: A Closer Look At Its Effects

    Most trades, including short sales and options, aren't materially affected by a stock split. Still, it's important for shareholders ...
  4. A Study On The Wealth Effect And The Economy

    The notion that the wealth effect spurs personal consumption makes sense intuitively. After all, wouldn’t you be more inclined ...
  5. Why Do Companies Care About Their Stock Prices?

    Read on to learn more about the nature of stocks and the true meaning of ownership.
  6. Calculating Covariance For Stocks

    Learn how to figure out how two stocks might move together in the future by calculating covariance.
  7. What Is A Corporate Credit Rating?

    Is the bond you're buying investment grade, or just junk? Find out how to check the score.
  8. The Importance Of Corporate Transparency

    Clear and honest financial statements not only reflect value, they also help ensure it.
  9. Assess Shareholder Wealth With EPS

    Find out if management is doing its job of creating profit for investors.
  10. Financial Footnotes: Start Reading The Fine Print

    Find out what could be hidden in this often-overlooked part of the financial statements.
  11. Financial Markets: Random, Cyclical Or Both?

    Are the markets random or cyclical? It depends on who you ask. Here, we go over both sides of the argument.
  12. Cash Flow Statement: Analyzing Cash Flow From Financing Activities

    The financing activity in the cash flow statement measures the flow of cash between a firm and its owners and creditors.
  13. Comparing The P/E, EPS And Earnings Yield

    P/E may be the established standard for valuation purposes, but the earnings yield is especially useful for comparing potential ...
  14. Cash Flow Statement: Analyzing Cash Flow From Investing Activities

    Reviewing investment activity is one of the most important exercises an individual can do to see how efficiently a company's ...
  15. If Kennedy, Eisenhower, Alexander the Great Et Al Were Leaders in Finance

    Would Eisenhower, Roosevelt and Kissinger have made good corporate executives? What about Alexander the Great?
  16. Impact of Share Repurchases

    Share repurchases can have a significant positive impact on an investor’s portfolio and are a great way to build investor ...
  17. The Optimal Use Of Financial Leverage In A Corporate Capital Structure

    The amount of debt and equity that makes up a company's capital structure has many risk and return implications.
  18. How Much Exposure to Technology Stocks Should You Have?

    How Much of a Technology-Stocks Exposure Should You Have in your portfolio? Every investor is totally different, in many ...
  19. Elves And Gnomes: Fairy Tale Investment Terms

    What do elves have to do with investing? Meet the fairytale creatures running around Wall Street.
  20. Evaluate Stock Price With Reverse-Engineering DCF

    This is a more accurate method to use when trying to find a target price for a stock.
  21. Analyzing Blue-Chip Stocks

    To find a good value on a blue-chip stocks, look for companies with strong fundamentals, appropriate levels of debt and competitive ...
  22. Cash Flow Statement: Reviewing The Cash Flow From Operations

    A company's ability to consistently generate positive cash flows from its daily business operations is highly valued by investors. ...
  23. Determining Risk And The Risk Pyramid

    Many investors do not understand how to determine the risk level their individual portfolios should bear.
  24. Technical Vs. Fundamental Investing - Friends Or Foes?

    Making money in the stock market has been likened to gambling by some, but experienced investors who do their homework usually ...
  25. Reviewing Assets On The Balance Sheet

    A firm uses its assets to generate sales and bottom-line profits for shareholders. A healthy company will continually grow ...
  26. How To Analyze The Transportation Industry

    By gaining an awareness of the transportation firms and trends that affect these players, investors can gain an edge by analyzing ...
  27. An Introduction To Coverage Ratios

    Interest coverage ratios help determine a company's ability to pay down its debt.
  28. Don't Let Stock Prices Fool You

    Find out why a stock with a six-figure share price can still be a good value.
  29. Analyzing An Acquisition Announcement

    These deals can make or break investors' returns. Find out how to tell the difference.
  30. How Risk Free Is The Risk-Free Rate Of Return?

    This rate is rarely questioned - unless the economy falls into disarray.
  31. Nobel Winners Are Economic Prizes

    Before you try to profit from their theories, you should learn about the creators themselves.
  32. How To Calculate The Bid-Ask Spread

    It's very important for every investor to learn how to calculate the bid-ask spread and factor this figure when making investment ...
  33. Will Immunotherapy Disrupt The Oncology Market?

    Immunotherapy could radically change the treatment of cancer, and the revenue opportunities for pharmaceutical companies.
  34. Cashing In On Corporate Restructuring

    Companies use M&As and spinoffs to boost profits - learn how you can do the same.
  35. How And Why Do Companies Pay Dividends?

    If a company decides to pay dividends, it will choose one of three approaches: residual, stability or hybrid policies. Which ...
  36. Equity Valuation: The Comparables Approach

    The main purpose of equity valuation is to estimate a value for a firm or security. There are three primary equity valuation ...
  37. The Road To Creating An IPO

    Through an Initial Public Offering, or IPO, a company raises capital by issuing shares of stock, or equity in a public market. ...
  38. Income, Value and Growth Stocks

    Investors who buy stocks generally seek one of three criteria: undervalued holdings, growth potential or steady income. The ...
  39. Understanding Leverage Ratios

    Large amounts of debt can cause businesses to become less competitive and, in some cases, lead to default. To lower their ...
  40. Leverage: What It Is And How It Works

    Leverage is an investment strategy of using borrowed money to generate outsized investment returns. Before getting into greater ...
  41. Playing The Sleuth In A Scandal Stock

    Learn the legwork involved in finding out whether your investment can weather a storm.
  42. The Pioneers Of Financial Fraud

    These fraudsters were the first to commit fraud, participate in insider trading and manipulate stocks.
  43. Understanding Off-Balance Sheet Financing

    For anyone who was invested in Enron, off-balance sheet (OBS) financing is a scary term. Off-balance sheet financing means ...
  44. How Your VantageScore Credit Report Is Calculated

    Deficiencies in the FICO credit report have led to the creation of a new credit scoring system - the Vantagescore. Find out ...
  45. A Peek Into Shareholder Meetings

    Shareholder meetings can be glamorous, exciting or controversial, but not particularly revelational. Here's a quick look ...
  46. Giants of Finance: Charles Dow

    Find out how this financial visionary helped everyday people enter the world of finance.
  47. Understanding Profit Metrics: Gross, Operating and Net Profits

    Rather than relying solely on net profit figures to evaluate a company's performance, seasoned investors will often look ...
  48. Big Pharma Faces 'Pay For Delay' Lawsuits

    Unless you follow the pharmaceutical and biotech sectors, it’s likely that you’ve never heard of pay to delay. Instead of ...
  49. Introduction To International CAPM

    ICAPM is one of several models used to determine the required return on an asset, discover its limitations and how to use ...
  50. Earnings Guidance: Can It Accurately Predict The Future?

    Explore the controversies surrounding companies commenting on their forward-looking expectations.
  51. Interpreting A Company's IPO Prospectus Report

    Learn to decipher the secret language of the IPO prospectus report - it can tell you a lot about a company's future.
  52. Depreciation: Straight-Line Vs. Double-Declining Methods

    Appreciate the different methods used to describe how book value is "used up".
  53. Decline Of The Independent Broker-Dealer

    Since the financial crisis of 2008-2009 the numbers of independent broker-dealers have been steadily declining. Find out ...
  54. Leading Economic Indicators Predict Market Trends

    Leading indicators help investors to predict and react to where the market is headed.
  55. Financial Statement: Extraordinary Vs. Nonrecurring Items

    When it comes to analyzing a company, successful analysts spend considerable time differentiating between accounting items ...
  56. Examples Of Asset/Liability Management

    In its simplest form, asset/liability management entails managing assets and cash inflows to satisfy various obligations; ...
  57. Differences Between Forward P/E And Trailing P/E

    The most common types of price to earnings ratios are forward P/E and trailing P/E. Find out how they differ and the advantages ...
  58. The Basics Of A Financial Analysis Report

    Running financial analysis on a company or industry is a key skill every investor must learn and understand how to undertake ...
  59. GAAP And The IFRS Standards Convergence Efforts In 3 Substantial Areas

    Understand the specific steps that have been taken in hopes of converging the GAAP and the IFRS accounting standards, despite ...
  60. How To Use Price-To-Sales Ratios To Value Stocks

    Take a look at how this effective ratio can be influenced by certain critical factors.
  61. Using The Price-To-Book Ratio To Evaluate Companies

    The P/B ratio can be an easy way to determine a company's value, but it isn't magic!
  62. Breaking Down The Fed Model

    Learn what pundits mean when they say that stocks are undervalued according to the Fed model.
  63. Everything Investors Need To Know About Earnings

    We go over the concepts behind the excitement over the most important figure in the stock market.
  64. Finding Undiscovered Stocks

    Wall Street tends to focus on large cap stocks, leaving other stocks under-followed and undervalued.
  65. How To Identify A Micro-Cap Scam

    Discover how to distinguish a real investment opportunity from a fraudulent one.
  66. Tips For Controlling Investment Losses

    A profit/loss plan helps investors recognize mistakes and invest logically, rather than emotionally.
  67. Revenue Projections Show Profit Potential

    Examining how a company makes money can offer clues about its earnings potential.
  68. How To Find P/E And PEG Ratios

    If these numbers have you in the dark, these easy calculations should help light the way.
  69. Venturing Into Early-Stage Growth Stocks

    Picking these potential winners is all about sizing up risk. We show you how.
  70. The Impact Of Combining The U.S. GAAP And IFRS

    The convergence of accounting standards is changing the attitudes of CPAs and CFOs toward harmonization of international ...
  71. Writing Down Goodwill

    Goodwill represents an acquisition amount over and above what the purchased firm’s net assets are deemed to be valued at ...
  72. The Fundamental Mechanics Of Investing

    Here's a story that demonstrates why stocks and bonds were created and how they are valued.
  73. Mitigating Downside With The Sortino Ratio

    Differentiate between good and bad volatility with the Sortino Ratio.
  74. Dividend Facts You May Not Know

    Discover the issues that complicate these payouts for investors.
  75. Finding Your Margin Investment Sweet Spot

    Borrowing to increase profits isn't for the faint of heart, but margin trading can mean big returns.
  76. 4 Crimes By Real-Life Grinches

    These crimes happen all over the country during the holiday season.
  77. Spotting Profitability With ROCE

    This straightforward ratio measures whether a company is efficient, money-making or neither.
  78. 5 Of The Best Schools For Accounting

    Here are some of the schools that ranked highly in The U.S. News & World Report and Bloomberg Businessweek rankings for ...
  79. Analyzing Retail Stocks

    To analyze retail stocks, investors need to be aware of the most common metrics used. Find out what they are.
  80. Digging Into Book Value

    This calculation will serve up your portion of the shareholder pie.
  81. Female Managers Can Raise Share Values

    Women are quite capable of proving their worth in raising corporate value through various financial, managerial and human ...
  82. Countries With The Largest Shadow Markets

    These nations have the largest informal economies relative to their respective GDPs.
  83. Evaluating Retained Earnings: What Gets Kept Counts

    A company's retained earnings matter. Be investment-savvy and learn how to analyze this often overlooked information.
  84. Useful Balance Sheet Metrics

    These metrics can help you better understand the information found on balance sheets.
  85. Understanding Pro-Forma Earnings

    These figures can either shed light on a company's performance or skew it. Find out why.
  86. Analyzing Operating Margins

    Find out how to put this important component of equity analysis to work for you.
  87. DCF Valuation: The Stock Market Sanity Check

    Calculate whether the market is paying too much for a particular stock.
  88. Evaluating A Statement Of Cash Flows

    The metrics for the Statement of Cash Flows is best viewed over time.
  89. Covered Call Strategies For A Falling Market

    Find out how to come out on top, even when the market is dropping.
  90. Common Scams Targeted At Teens

    Teens should be aware of these scams, which include scholarship frauds and fraudulent investments.
  91. The Importance Of Other Comprehensive Income

    Understanding and analyzing OCI greatly improves financial analysis, especially for financial companies.
  92. The Advantages Of Investing In Aggressive Companies

    Often the most attractive companies are also a little fierce - learn how to spot healthy corporate aggression.
  93. Evaluating Your Personal Financial Statement

    Determine your net worth by making your own cash flow statement and balance sheet.
  94. What Are A Stock's "Fundamentals"?

    The investing world loves to talk about fundamentals, but do you know what it means?
  95. Leveraged Investment Showdown

    Margin loans, futures and ETF options can all mean better returns, but which one should you pick?
  96. The Eurozone Crisis And AAA Ratings

    The eurozone's healthier economies' exposure to weaker economies is threatening their coveted AAA ratings.
  97. The Differences Between Bribery And Lobbying

    Critics of lobbying accuse the practice of being similar to bribery, but there are many differences.
  98. Asset-Backed Commercial Paper Carries High Risk

    Asset-backed commercial paper has characteristics that make it much more risky than traditional commercial paper.
  99. Understanding Capital And Financial Accounts In The Balance Of Payments

    The current, capital and financial accounts compose a nation's balance of payments.
  100. Find The Right Fit With Probability Distributions

    Discover a few of the most popular probability distributions and how to calculate them.
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