- Logging Miles
When you volunteer for a qualified charitable organization, you can deduct gas and oil costs for travel time. You can either figure out the exact amount you paid to go to and from volunteering, or you can deduct the template amount of 14 cents per mile.
Qualified charity organizations include most non-profits, but you can see the full list of categories in the Internal Revenue Service Publication 526.
When you give away your clothes or housewares (pots and pans), they have to be in good/usable condition. There isn't an assigned limit for how much you can declare per item donated – unless the charity wrote the value of your item(s) on your donation receipt - but you do want to be careful to declare a reasonable amount for each item donated. You never know when the tax man is looking.
However, if the value of any single item is more than $500, and the item is not in good usable condition, you will need a written appraisal on your item.
- Collectibles and Other Pricey Items
If you are donating collectibles and are unsure of the value, it's a good idea to have an appraisal done - the baseball cards you've had for 15 years could be worth hundreds more than you thought. (For more on pricing collectibles, see Contemplating Collectible Investments.)
- Your Old Fridge
Large appliances do not have a maximum claimed value. However, if you are claiming a value over $500, the appraisal rule still applies. Make sure you have at least an inkling of the value before you shell out the cash for an appraisal.
- Attending a Charity Event
Even the most fun charity event can result in a tax deduction. However, there is a catch. You can only deduct the amount you pay above the fair market value for the event.
But how do you determine the fair market value of a charity event? It's not like you can go to a ticket vendor and find the event for a non-charity price. Think about what is included in the evening, such as entertainment, food and maybe a door prize you were lucky enough to win. Your estimate doesn't have to be exact - you just need to remember your reasoning for how the fair market value was determined.
- Bidding on an Auction
Calculating your tax deduction when buying auction items from a qualified charity works similarly to deducting your attendance at a charity event. But, determining fair market value is easier, since you have an item with a verified value.
For instance, if you won a trip to Tahiti worth $5,000 and you paid $6,000, you could deduct $1,000. However, if you paid $4,000, you wouldn't earn a tax deduction, since you bid under fair market value.
- Giving Away Your Old Car
Giving your car to charity will rarely net more money than selling it will. However, it's financially better to give your car to a charity that will give your vehicle to someone in need, rather the charity selling it. Why?
Let's say you decide to donate a car with a fair market value of $6,500, and the charity sells your car for $1,000. This $1,000 is the deduction amount you can claim on your return – not $6,500. You could lose up to $5,500 in tax deductions from the donation.
In order to make sure the charity of your choice will give your car away rather than selling it, get a written commitment from the charity. (Learn more about vehicle donation deductions in Non-cash Contributions Rules Could Cut Returns.)
Ways that Won't Work
Not every charitable act is tax deductible. For instance, giving to most foreign charities, for-profit groups or donating your time or blood to a blood bank aren't tax deductible.
Donating time, stuff you no longer use or money to charity is a great way to earn a tax deduction. However, there are rules you need to follow to optimize the deduction amount. Estimate the value of your giving as accurately as possible, and keep track of every item you donate. A small amount of time spent studying charity tax deduction rules will net a larger tax refund for you, and help the people aided by the charity you choose. (For further reading, checkout In A Cash Crunch? Hold A Yard Sale, Deducting Your Donations, Money Saving Year-End Tax Tips, and 6 Sources For Free Tax Help.)