There's no shortage of directional indicators available to an aspiring market technician: moving average ribbons, moving average convergence/divergence and its cousin, the MACD histogram, relative performance, the relative strength index; on-balance volume, William's Acc/Dist and the list goes on. However, when is it time to use a directional indicator, and conversely, when should technical analysis turn to oscillators like stochastic or Williams %R? The easy and under-used NYSE Bullish Percent Index gives concrete answers to these questions while providing a jumping off point for further, well-directed analysis of a particular industry or stock. It is the first step in formulating a winning strategy for trading and investing.

NYSE Bullish Percent Index
The NYSE Bullish Percent Index was invented by the estimable market technicians at Chartcraft in 1955 (now known as Investors Intelligence). The NYSE Bullish Percent Index is calculated by reading either a buy or a sell signal from the point and figure chart of each of the 2,800+ stocks on the NYSE each evening. (For a review of the P/F technique take a look at this article on The value of the index represents the percentage of stocks listed on the NYSE that signal a buy. For example, if 2,100 stocks signal buy and 700 signal sell, the value of the NYSE Bullish Percent Index is 75. Since it incorporates every NYSE-listed company, it is easy to see how useful this index can be.

Bullish Percent gives buy and sell signals just like any other point/figure chart. In fact, the chart of Bullish Percent is always in one of six phases. These six phases determine the underlying market condition and therefore indicate an appropriate trading strategy. Below are the six phases and an explanation of the associated market strategy. Remember, the index is always in only one of the phases.

  • Bull Confirmed - Bull confirmed is, just as it sounds, the most bullish signal the index emits, giving traders a green light to take on multiple long positions with confidence. In the bull confirmed phase, the Bullish Percent Index has a column of X's on its right edge, and this column must have surpassed the next column of X's over to the left by at least one square. Since a market that is in bull confirmed mode is upwardly trending, directional indicators such as MACD are more appropriate than oscillators during this phase.
  • Bear Confirmed - Again, just as it sounds, the bear confirmed phase is the most bearish signal the index gives. In this mode, the Bullish Percent Index has a column of 0's on the far right edge of the chart, and this column must surpass the next column of 0s to the left by at least one square down. Since a market in the bear confirmed mode is trending downward, only short positions should be considered during it, and directional indicators are again the weapons of choice.
  • Bull Correction - The bull correction mode, following only a bull confirmed phase, is a sideways market or a market experiencing a correction after a bull confirmed phase. The chart features a column of 0s on the right edge that has yet to pass the last 0's column. Long positions should be taken with caution, because a bull correction can reverse into a bear confirmed. During the bull correction mode, look to oscillators like stochastic for insight into timing trades.
  • Bear Correction - A market in the bear correction phase, following only a bear confirmed phase, is also a sideways market, and it is experiencing a correction from bear confirmed. A bear correction features a column of X's on the right edge of the chart that fails to surpass the last column of X's. Again, use short positions with caution, and use oscillators instead of directional indicators with the charts.
  • Bull Alert - The final two phases of the Bullish Percent Index involve overbought or oversold conditions. On the Bullish Percent chart, readings above 70% are considered overbought, and readings below 30% are considered oversold. The bull alert phase is simply a reversal into a new column of X's from below 30% on the chart, and it indicates that the index is oversold and due for a bounce. As soon as the index signals a bull alert, traders can take long positions with caution until the X's cross back above the 30% line.
  • Bear Alert - A bear alert is simply the opposite of a bull alert, except to signal a bear alert, the index must be crossing below the 70% line with a column of 0s. It is important to remember that for a bear alert to signal, the column of 0s must actually cross back below the 70% line. During a bear alert the market is overbought and due for a sell-off. Take short positions with caution until the market reverts back to bull confirmed. During Alert phases, it is a good idea to take quick profits (10-15%) because there is a good chance the market will reverse.

Here are some charts showing each of these phases:


Now that you have an idea of how to read the NYSE Bullish Percent Index, take a look at the actual chart and see if you can tell what phase the market is in from this daily chart on the Investor Intelligence website.

To further refine your trading strategy, try also using the economic sector Bullish Percent indices, which can be found at These graph a chart identical to the NYSE version, except they are focused on the stocks in each individual sector. By narrowing in on which sectors are giving a bull or bear signal, you can target the most profitable segment of the market at any time.

The Bottom Line
For more on this trading approach, check out the book "Point & Figure Charting" by Thomas Dorsey. Dorsey explains in great detail how to use the Bullish Percent, along with many other market breadth indicators, to fine-tune your market strategy.

Related Articles
  1. Chart Advisor

    These Oil & Gas Stocks Have Reversed

    It's been a long downtrend for oil stock owners, but there's hope. These four oil and gas stocks have reversed and may keep trending to the upside.
  2. Chart Advisor

    Bumpy Roads Ahead In Transportation

    Investors are keeping an eye on the transportation industry. We'll take a look at the trend direction and how to trade it.
  3. Professionals

    How to Protect Your Portfolio from a Market Crash

    Although market crashes are usually bad news for your portfolio, there are several ways to minimize losses or even profit outright from market movement.
  4. Chart Advisor

    Agriculture Commodities Are In The Bear's Sights

    Agriculture stocks have experienced strong moves higher over recent weeks, but chart patterns on sugar, corn and wheat are suggesting the moves could be short lived.
  5. Chart Advisor

    4 European Stocks to Consider Buying

    European companies, listed on US exchanges, that are providing buying opportunities right now.
  6. Investing Basics

    3 Key Signs Of A Market Top

    When stocks rise or fall, the financial fate of investors change, as well. There are certain signs that can reveal a stock’s course, and investors don’t need to be experts to spot them.
  7. Chart Advisor

    ChartAdvisor for October 2 2015

    Weekly technical summary of the major U.S. indexes.
  8. Investing

    How Diversifying Can Help You Manage Market Mayhem

    The recent market volatility, while not unexpected, has certainly been hard for any investor to digest.
  9. Technical Indicators

    Why MACD Divergence Is an Unreliable Signal

    MACD divergence is a popular method for predicting reversals, but unfortunately it isn't very accurate. Learn the weaknesses of indicator divergence.
  10. Chart Advisor

    Weakness In Biotech Will Likely Continue

    You can breathe easy with your biotech holdings--assuming you aren't counting on them to make you rich.
  1. What are some of the most common technical indicators that back up Doji patterns?

    The doji candlestick is important enough that Steve Nison devotes an entire chapter to it in his definitive work on candlestick ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Tame Panic Selling with the Exhausted Selling Model

    The exhausted selling model is a pricing strategy used to identify and trade based off of the price floor of a security. ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Point and Figure Charting Using Count Analysis

    Count analysis is a means of interpreting point and figure charts to measure vertical price movements. Technical analysts ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What assumptions are made when conducting a t-test?

    The common assumptions made when doing a t-test include those regarding the scale of measurement, random sampling, normality ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. How are double exponential moving averages applied in technical analysis?

    Double exponential moving averages (DEMAS) are commonly used in technical analysis like any other moving average indicator ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do you know where on the oscillator you should make a purchase or sale?

    Common oscillator readings to consider making a buy or sale are below 20 or above 80, respectively. More aggressive investors ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Term Deposit

    A deposit held at a financial institution that has a fixed term, and guarantees return of principal.
  2. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  3. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  4. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  5. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
  6. Normal Profit

    An economic condition occurring when the difference between a firm’s total revenue and total cost is equal to zero.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!