A:

When you make a mortgage payment, the amount paid is a combination of an interest charge and principal repayment. Over the life of the mortgage, the portions of interest to principal will change.

At first, your payment will be primarily interest, with a small amount of principal included. As the mortgage matures, the principal portion of the payment will increase and the interest portion will decrease. This is due to the interest charge being calculated off the present outstanding balance of the mortgage, which decreases as more principal is repaid. The smaller the mortgage principal, the less interest is charged. (If you have negative amortization and your mortgage is actually growing in debt, see Understanding the Mortgage Payment Structure.)

For example, let's examine a simple mortgage for $100,000 at an interest rate of 4% annually and a time to maturity of 24 years. The yearly mortgage payment is $6,558.68. The first payment will consist of an interest charge of $4,000 ($100,000 x 4%) and a principal repayment of $2558.68 ($6,558.68 - $4,000). The outstanding mortgage balance after this payment is $97,441.32 ($100,000 - $2,558.68). The next payment is equal to the first, $6558.68, but will now have a different proportion of interest to principal. The interest charge for the second payment equals $3,897.65 ($97,441.32 x 4%), while the principal prepayment is $2,661.03 ($6,558.68 - $3,897.65).

The principal portion of the second payment is about $100 larger than the first. This occurs because you've paid money towards the principal amount - lessening it - and the new interest payment is calculated on the lower principal amount. Near the end of the mortgage, the payments will be primarily principal repayments.

To learn how to start paying down your principal more quickly, see Be Mortgage-Free Faster.

RELATED FAQS
  1. Do FHA loans require escrow accounts?

    Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans require escrow accounts for property taxes, homeowners insurance and mortgage ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do FHA loans have prepayment penalties?

    Unlike subprime mortgages issued by some conventional commercial lenders, Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans do not ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can FHA loans be refinanced?

    Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans can be refinanced in several ways. According to the U.S. Department of Housing ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Can FHA loans be used for investment property?

    Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans were created to promote homeownership. These loans have lower down payment requirements ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Do FHA loans have private mortgage insurance (PMI)?

    he When you make a down payment from 3 to 20% of the value of your home and take out a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How many FHA loans can I have?

    Generally, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) does not insure more than one mortgage per borrower. This is to prevent ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Credit & Loans

    What is an Alt-A Mortgage?

    Called "liar loans" for their low documentation requirements, Alt-A mortgages were hot until the subprime crisis. Now Wall Street wants to bring them back.
  2. Credit & Loans

    New Rules May Make It Easier to Get a Mortgage

    Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have come to terms with lenders on how to solve mortgage disputes. This could be good news for people with lower credit ratings.
  3. Retirement

    Best Mortgage Companies Friendly to Retirees

    If you’re no longer in the workforce and need a loan to buy a home, which companies are the most welcoming? Plus, good news about qualifying for a loan.
  4. Credit & Loans

    Don't Get Overcharged for Your Mortgage

    Don't pay more for a mortgage than necessary. Here’s a quick look at the different categories and how to be sure you're getting the best deal.
  5. Home & Auto

    Rent-To-Own Homes: How The Process Works

    A rent-to-own agreement can benefit homebuyers with bad credit or insufficient funds for a down payment. Here’s how one works.
  6. Home & Auto

    7 Must-Have Real Estate Contract Conditions

    Buying a home can bury you in paperwork. But it’s worth your time to make sure your contract contains these seven important conditions.
  7. Home & Auto

    Understanding Pre-Qualification Vs. Pre-Approval

    Contrary to popular belief, being pre-qualified for a mortgage doesn’t mean you’re pre-approved for a home loan.
  8. Home & Auto

    6 Reasons To Avoid Private Mortgage Insurance

    Homebuyers who put less than 20% down will likely be forced to secure private mortgage insurance. Here are six reasons to avoid it.
  9. Home & Auto

    10 Tips for Getting a Fair Price on a Home

    When the housing market booms, it's tougher than ever to get a good price. Make sure the house you choose is worth the price you pay.
  10. Home & Auto

    Steps To Buying A Home

    No matter what type of property you’re eyeing, there are steps you can take to protect your investment.
RELATED TERMS
  1. Balloon Payment

    An oversized payment due at the end of a mortgage, commercial ...
  2. Backlog

    A build-up of work that needs to be taken care of. The term "backlog" ...
  3. Modified Tenure Payment Plan

    A way to receive reverse mortgage proceeds that gives the borrower ...
  4. Reverse Mortgage Net Principal Limit

    The amount of money a reverse mortgage borrower can receive from ...
  5. Modified Term Payment Plan

    A way to receive reverse mortgage proceeds where borrowers get ...
  6. Encumbrance

    A claim against a property by a party that is not the owner. ...
Hot Definitions
  1. Liquidation Margin

    Liquidation margin refers to the value of all of the equity positions in a margin account. If an investor or trader holds ...
  2. Black Swan

    An event or occurrence that deviates beyond what is normally expected of a situation and that would be extremely difficult ...
  3. Inverted Yield Curve

    An interest rate environment in which long-term debt instruments have a lower yield than short-term debt instruments of the ...
  4. Socially Responsible Investment - SRI

    An investment that is considered socially responsible because of the nature of the business the company conducts. Common ...
  5. Presidential Election Cycle (Theory)

    A theory developed by Yale Hirsch that states that U.S. stock markets are weakest in the year following the election of a ...
Trading Center