The term penny stock has evolved with the market. In the past, penny stocks were stocks that traded for less than a dollar per share. The SEC, however, modified the definition to include all shares trading below $5.

If some of these stocks now trade above $1, why are they still called penny stocks? Well, even though some of these stocks may be selling for more than pennies, they are still called penny stocks because they are perceived the same way that stocks trading under a dollar were perceived in the past: as very risky investments. Penny stocks are typically growing companies with limited cash and resources. In other words, most penny stocks are high-risk investments with low trading volumes and limited attention from investors. These companies trade mostly on the OTCBB and Pink Sheets and are susceptible to different forms of market manipulation that are less prevalent and more difficult to employ in stocks found on the Nasdaq and NYSE.

So, be wary of penny stocks. The chances of huge profit are counteracted by even bigger chances of huge loss. Also, don't be fooled by people telling you that companies like Microsoft were once penny stocks. This is a fallacy: Microsoft never was (and very likely never will be) a penny stock.

For a closer look at these higher-risk investments, see The Lowdown on Penny Stocks.

  1. Do penny stocks pay dividends?

    Because of the small market capitalization and revenues typical of most penny stocks, there are very few that offer dividends. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Can you buy penny stocks in an IRA?

    It is possible to trade penny stocks through an individual retirement accounts, or IRA. However, penny stocks are generally ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Where do penny stocks trade?

    Generally, penny stocks are traded through the use of the Over the Counter Bulletin Board (OTCBB) and through pink sheets. ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Where can I buy penny stocks?

    Some penny stocks, those using the definition of trading for less than $5 per share, are traded on regular exchanges such ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why would you undertake a reverse split?

    Most reverse stock splits are undertaken by small, micro penny stocks that need to maintain the minimum price requirements ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Why would a company perform a reverse stock split?

    A company performs a reverse stock split to increase its share price. The desire to increase the share price is usually driven ... Read Full Answer >>
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  1. Penny Stock Reform Act

    A securities act enacted in 1990 that sought to clamp down on ...
  2. Form 211

    1. A form that must be completed by a market maker and filed ...
  3. Over-The-Counter Market

    A decentralized market, without a central physical location, ...
  4. OTC Markets Group Inc.

    The owner and operator of the leading U.S. inter-dealer electronic ...
  5. OTCQB

    The venture stage marketplace for smaller or early-stage companies ...
  6. National Quotation Bureau - NQB

    A company established in 1913 to compile and publish price information ...

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