Where does the money I have invested in a company go when the stock price decreases?

By Investopedia Staff AAA
A:

First, a quick review of stock basics: owning a stock means owning a portion (usually very small) of a company. Therefore, if the value of the entire company fluctuates, so will the value of the stock.

When a share's price decreases in value, that change in value is not redistributed amongst any parties; the value of the company simply shrinks. The stock market is governed by the forces of supply and demand. In other words, it is not a zero-sum game, like gambling in a casino, in which there is an equal loser for every winner and vice versa.

Let's look a little closer at how a company's value can simply shrink. First, we need to understand how a company's value is "created". When a stock's price increases, it does so because there are more people willing to buy the stock (demand it) than people willing to sell it (supply it). This high demand in relation to supply creates value for the stock because buyers must compete against one another for it, and the more they want the stock for themselves, the more they are willing to pay for it. The opposite occurs when a stock price decreases, which simply results from a low demand in relation to supply. Just as a high number of buyers creates value, a high number of sellers erodes value.

So even though it might feel like someone is taking your money when your stock declines, the cash is simply disappearing into thin air with the popularity of the stock. However, this decline in popularity corresponds to something tangible: the company's ability to carry on its operations efficiently, which is reflected in its earnings. Remember, you are part-owner of the company, so if the stock declines, it means you are part-owner of a company that is no longer perceived to be doing a great job of producing something. And, if you want to get rid of this company, you must be willing to sell it for less. Why? Because its inherent value is perceived to be worth less. Therefore, on a very basic level, a realized loss from a stock is a reflection of the difference between the market's perception of the company when you bought it and the market's perception of it when you sold it.

For more on this subject, check out Missing Money, Missing Socks? Coincidence?

RELATED FAQS

  1. How are Rising Three Methods patterns interpreted by analysts and traders?

    Understand the basics of the rising three methods candlestick pattern and how this strong continuation signal is interpreted ...
  2. Is short selling a form of insurance?

    Explore short selling and put options. Learn how put options may be used as insurance to protect positions, and costs associated ...
  3. What is the simplest kind of company stock?

    Learn about the simplest type of stocks. Explore growth and dividend investing strategies and examples of companies whose ...
  4. How effective is creating trade entries after spotting a Three White Soldiers pattern?

    Understand the basics of the three white soldiers pattern and what conditions are optimal for creating effective trade strategies ...
RELATED TERMS
  1. Bid Wanted

    An announcement by an investor who holds a security that he or ...
  2. Hindsight Bias

    A psychological phenomenon in which past events seem to be more ...
  3. Paper Trade

    Using simulated trading to practice buying and selling securities ...
  4. Financial Exposure

    The amount that one stands to lose in an investment. For example, ...
  5. Bid And Asked

    A two-way price quotation that indicates the best price at which ...
  6. Compound Net Annual Rate - CNAR

    The return on an investment after taking tax implications into ...

You May Also Like

Related Articles
  1. Trading Strategies

    Harness Elliot Wave principles To Tap ...

  2. Fundamental Analysis

    Making Sense Of The Dow Reaching Record ...

  3. Economics

    Profiting From China's Breakout: The ...

  4. Professionals

    Robo-Adviser Wave Gets Big Push From ...

  5. Fundamental Analysis

    Can Good News Be A Signal To Sell?

Trading Center