I placed a limit order to buy a stock after the market closed, but the stock's price gapped above the entry price and my order never got filled. How can I prevent this from happening?

By Casey Murphy AAA
A:

The scenario you describe is very common and can be frustrating for any type of investor. Many traders will identify a potentially profitable set-up and place a limit order after hours so their order will be filled at their desired price or better when the stock market opens. The problem is that many buyers do the same thing, and the increased demand causes the price of the stock to gap higher. A limit order is ineffective when the price of the underlying jumps above the entry price because the limit price is the maximum amount the investor is willing to pay, and in this case it is currently below the market price. You can minimize the chances of this situation happening again if you understand these two types of orders: the buy-stop order and the buy-stop-limit order. (For an overview of different order types, see The Basics Of Order Entry.)

A buy-stop order is a type of order that is transformed into a market order once the stated stop price has been reached. To explain how this would work, let's consider a hypothetical example. Let's say the current price of XYZ Company is $12.86 and it looks like it is positioned to go higher. You may wish to place a buy-stop order with the stop price set at $13.01. This order would turn to a market order once the market price rose above $13.01. By using this type of order, you would eliminate the problem of not getting filled when the price rises above your desired entry price. Unfortunately, by using this order you run the risk of getting filled at an unwanted level if the price surges drastically higher. For example, if the price of XYZ Company opens the next day at $17, the buy-stop order will be triggered and you will buy the shares near $17 instead of around $13, as you wanted.

Using an order known as a buy-stop-limit is a way for you to eliminate the chance of getting a bad fill and to limit the price that is paid for the asset. This order is similar to the buy-stop order, except that a limit price is also set as the maximum amount the investor is willing to pay. For example, assume a buy-stop-limit order is set on XYZ Company with a stop price at $13.01 and a limit price set at $15. If the price jumps to $17, this order will not get filled because you specified that you don't want to pay more than $15.

Once you are comfortable with these order types, you will increase the likelihood of your orders getting filled when and how you want them to be filled.

RELATED FAQS

  1. How important are descending tops for a trading strategy?

    Find out what it means when a security or indicator is showing a descending tops pattern on a price chart, and what it says ...
  2. What are the most popular forms of technical analysis?

    Technical analysis approaches the market by studying price and volume. It yields radically different insights and conjectures ...
  3. How is buying on margin regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)?

    Learn how FINRA and the Federal Reserve regulate margin account trading, and understand how pattern day trading can impact ...
  4. What is the difference between technical analysis and fundamental analysis?

    Learn about technical analysis and fundamental analysis, the difference between the two methodologies and how they are used ...
RELATED TERMS
  1. Fintech

    Fintech is a portmanteau of financial technology that describes ...
  2. Indicator

    Indicators are statistics used to measure current conditions ...
  3. Intraday Momentum Index (IMI)

    A technical indicator that combines aspects of candlestick analysis ...
  4. Forex Spread Betting

    A category of spread betting that involves taking a bet on the ...
  5. Bidding Up - Securities

    The act of increasing the price an investor is willing to pay ...
  6. Mass Index

    A form of technical analysis that looks at the range between ...

You May Also Like

Related Articles
  1. Charts & Patterns

    Why These May Be the Top 4 Growth Stocks ...

  2. Chart Advisor

    Interested in Growth Stocks? See These ...

  3. Chart Advisor

    Watch Out For Falling Copper Prices

  4. Chart Advisor

    Watch for Bullish MACD Crossovers in ...

  5. Trading Strategies

    Bucking The Trend With Pattern Failure ...

Trading Center