A:

The first step in planning for long-term goals is actually determining how much you spend on short-term expenses. Once you know how much money is spent on the here-and-now, you can assess how much money can be put into investment vehicles for the future.

Regular monthly expenses such as cable or cell phone bills should be easy to assess, but what about less frequent expenses like yearly insurance premiums? You can take these large lump sums and pro-rate them over the number of months from the time that you start the budget to when the event occurs. For example, if its is currently December and your $2,000 insurance premium is due at the end of next October, you should put aside $200 per month for the next 10 months (January-October). This will take care of uneven expenses like holidays, birthdays and insurance premiums.

After you determine your monthly expenses and pro-rate annual expenses, subtract them from your monthly income in order to figure out how much income you have left to contribute toward your long-term goals.

Long-term goals can be considered anything longer than one year into the future. This includes buying a car or home, sending the kids to college or planning for retirement. Your long-term goals should come with a solid estimate of their costs. Start by writing down several long-term goals along with your best guess on how long it will be before money would be needed. An example list may look something like this:

  • College expenses - Child 1 (current age 8); $20,000/year beginning in 10 years
  • College expenses - Child 2 (current age 3); $24,000/year beginning in 15 years
  • New car purchase - $30,000 in two years ($4,000 upfront + $400/month for seven years)
  • Vacation to Europe - $10,000 for a three-week vacation within three years

Afterward, you should use a spreadsheet or other software program to figure out how much must be be put away for these future events. Suitable investments can then be determined according to time frame and your overall risk tolerance. Historical asset returns can be used to estimate how much the investments will hopefully appreciate over several years. (To learn more, see Projected Returns: Honing The Craft.)

The goal is to determine if the amount of money that you have remaining after paying your short-term expenses will allow you to meet your goal. If it doesn't, you need to adjust your goals, cut expenses and/or earn more income. It's important to regularly update the status of you long-term goals and short-term expenses. New regular expenses can emerge, and if you don't make changes to your plan, you'll come up short.

For more on creating a budget that you can live with, see Enjoy Life Now And Still Save For Later and The Beauty Of Budgeting.

RELATED FAQS

  1. How does quantifying fixed overhead volume variance show whether a company is profitable ...

    Find out why some fundamental analysts look at fixed overhead volume variance as an indicator of company profitability or ...
  2. What is price variance in cost accounting?

    Understand what price variance is in relation to cost accounting. Learn the most common way price variance arises and how ...
  3. When do I need to project run rates for my business?

    Learn some of the reasons why businesses project run rates; discover why companies rely on such a simple metric and how it ...
  4. How can a growing business avoid stagnation when using zero-based budgeting?

    Learn how a growing business can avoid stagnation by using zero-based budgeting to shrink unproductive divisions and find ...
RELATED TERMS
  1. Warren Buffett

    Known as "the Oracle of Omaha", Buffett is Chairman of Berkshire ...
  2. Elder Care

    Elder care, sometimes called elderly care, refers to services ...
  3. Gold IRA

    Definition of Gold IRA
  4. Through Fund

    A type of target-date retirement fund whose asset allocation ...
  5. Drawdown Percentage

    The portion of a retirement account that a retiree withdraws ...
  6. Debt Consolidation

    The act of combining several loans or liabilities into one loan. ...

You May Also Like

Related Articles
  1. Trading Strategies

    Market Timing Tips & Rules You Should ...

  2. Budgeting

    Who Spends More On The Military China ...

  3. Retirement

    Top 10 Stocks for Retirement Portfolios

  4. Professionals

    Top Tips for Retiring in a Bear Market

  5. Budgeting

    Quickbooks vs. Quicken

Trading Center