How can I avoid paying private mortgage insurance (PMI)?

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HOW TO GET RID OF PMI?

Typically, everyone that pays under 20% down on a new home (except for VA loans) must pay PMI.

To avoid or remove PMI, or private mortgage insurance, you must have at least 20 percent equity in the home. You may ask the lender to cancel PMI when you have paid down the mortgage balance to 80 percent of the home's original appraised value. When the balance drops to 78 percent, the mortgage servicer is required to eliminate PMI. If you bought a house with a down payment of less than 20 percent, your lender required you to buy mortgage insurance. The same goes if you refinanced with less than 20 percent equity. Private mortgage insurance is expensive, and you can remove it after you have met some conditions. Although you can cancel private mortgage insurance, you cannot cancel Federal Housing Administration insurance. You can get rid of FHA insurance by refinancing into a non-FHA-insured loan.

CAN YOU CANCEL YOUR PMI SOONER?

Here are steps you can take to cancel mortgage insurance sooner or strengthen your negotiating position:

  • Refinance: If your home value has increased enough, the new lender won't require mortgage insurance.
  • Get a new appraisal: Some lenders will consider a new appraisal instead of the original sales price or appraised value when deciding whether you meet the 20 percent equity threshold. An appraisal generally costs $450 to $600. Before spending the money on an appraisal, ask the lender if this tactic will work in the specific case of your loan.
  • Prepay on your loan: Even $50 a month can mean a dramatic drop in your loan balance over time.
  • Remodel: Add a room or a pool to increase your home's market value. Then ask the lender to recalculate your loan-to-value ratio using the new value figure.


CAN YOU REFINANCE TO GET OUT OF PMI?

When mortgage rates are low, as they are now, refinancing can allow you not only to get rid of PMI, but to reduce your monthly interest payments. It's a double-whammy of savings. The refinancing tactic works if your home has gained substantial value since the last time you got a mortgage. For example, if you bought your house four years ago with a 10 percent down payment, and the home's value has gone up 15 percent over that time, you now owe less than 80 percent of what the home is worth. Under these circumstances, you can refinance into a new loan without having to pay for PMI. Many loans have a "seasoning requirement" that requires you to wait at least two years before you can refinance to get rid of PMI. So if your loan is less than 2 years old, you can ask for a PMI-canceling refi, but you're not guaranteed to get approval.

WHAT IS PRIVATE MORTGAGE INSRUANCE PMI NEEDED?

Mortgage insurance reimburses the lender if you default on your home loan. You, the borrower, pay the premiums. When sold by a company, it's known as private mortgage insurance, or PMI. The Federal Housing Administration, a government agency, sells mortgage insurance, too.

DO YOU KNOW YOUR RIGHTS?

By law, your lender must tell you at closing how many years and months it will take you to pay down your loan sufficiently to cancel mortgage insurance. Mortgage servicers must give borrowers an annual statement that shows whom to call for information about canceling mortgage insurance.

WHAT ARE THE OTHER REQUIREMENTS TO CANCEL PMI?

According to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, you have to meet certain requirements to remove PMI:

  • You must request PMI cancellation in writing.
  • You have to be current on your payments and have a good payment history.
  • You might have to prove that you don't have any other liens on the home (for example, a home equity loan or home equity line of credit).
  • You might have to get an appraisal to demonstrate that your loan balance isn't more than 80 percent of the home's current value.


HIGHER-RISK PROPERTIES (LIKE RENTAL/INESTMENT PROPERTIES)

Lenders can impose stricter rules for high-risk borrowers. You may fall into this high-risk category if you have missed mortgage payments, so make sure your payments are up to date before asking your lender to drop mortgage insurance. Lenders may require a higher equity percentage if the property has been converted to rental use.

BASICS FOR FIRST TIME HOME-BUYERS

FINANCING BASICS FOR FIRST TIME HOMEBUYERS

Many people who are considering buying their first home can be overwhelmed by the myriad of financing options available. Fortunately, by taking the time to research the basics of property financing, homeowners can save a significant amount of time and money. Having some knowledge of the specific market where the property is located and whether it provides incentives to lenders may mean added financial perks for buyers. Buyers should also take a look at their own finances to ensure they are getting the mortgage that best suits their needs.
 

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