Casualty insurance is often called "property casualty insurance", and it provides insurance protection for your property in the event of a covered loss. Property that is commonly covered with casualty insurance includes houses, condominiums, cars, motorcycles, boats, yachts and personal sports and recreation machines.
In the event of a loss resulting from a covered event named in the policy, casualty insurance is designed to repair or replace the property for the policyholder. Covered events may be auto accidents, acts of God (such as damage resulting from weather), vandalism and theft. These covered events are detailed in the policy and should be reviewed and understood when buying a casualty insurance policy. (Be sure to read Insurance Tips For Homeowners to learn more about the insurance policies available to protect your home.)
Disability insurance protects an individual's income in the event the insured becomes too ill to work, or is hurt and unable to earn an income. In the event of a disability, a portion of an individual's income is replaced through the benefits of the disability income policy. This helps reduce the financial impact a disability may have. (Learn how to translate this complicated type of insurance policy, in our related article The Disability Insurance Policy: Now In English.)
Companies offering disability insurance often limit the amount of coverage available to an individual - usually based on the individual's income. A disability income policy is designed to help reduce the financial impact of a disability, not to fully replace an individual's income.
This question was answered by Barry Higgins.