Disabled persons can receive payments through two programs: Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income. Both Social Security Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income are administered by the Social Security Administration. Applications generally require a Social Security number, birth certificate, information on medical staff visited, and work information (if applicable). Applications are reviewed to determine if the applicant qualifies.

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) provides benefits to disabled persons if they cannot currently work due to a medical condition that is expected to last at least one year. Family members of disabled workers may also be eligible to receive money. Applicants for SSDI must generally meet a minimum threshold of years worked. For example, a 44 year-old individual must have worked at least 5.5 years in order to pass the SSDI duration of work test.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) provides benefits based on financial need, and focuses on paying disabled or blind adults and children who have limited income, as well as certain adults over the age of 65. SSI is the largest federal program providing benefits to those with disabilities. Funds for this program come from general tax revenue rather than from Social Security taxes, and are disbursed each month to those who qualify.

  1. What are the maximum Social Security disability benefits?

    The maximum Social Security disability benefit amount for a single eligible person in 2015 is $1,165 per month, but you can ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are Social Security spousal benefits?

    Social Security spousal benefits are partial retirement or disability benefits granted to the spouses of qualifying taxpayers.  Qualifying ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA) and why is it important?

    Substantial gainful activity (SGA) is what the Social Security Administration (SSA) measures to determine work, income and ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Can I stop working to decrease my Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA)?

    In theory, the threshold for receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is the inability to perform meaningful ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What types of regulations are in place regarding fringe benefits?

    Government influence on non-salary employee benefits, also called "fringe benefits," comes, in large part, through the tax ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are Social Security Credits for and how can I earn them?

    To determine who is eligible for various Social Security benefits, the Social Security Administration (SSA) uses a system ... Read Full Answer >>
  7. How do I know what Social Security benefits I am eligible for?

    Depending on your age, wage history and disability status, you may be eligible to receive a variety of Social Security benefits. ... Read Full Answer >>
  8. Will I pay taxes on my Social Security payouts?

    Some people have to pay federal income taxes on the Social Security benefit they receive. Typically, this occurs only when ... Read Full Answer >>
  9. At what age will I be eligible for the maximum Social Security payout?

    On August 14, 1935, U.S. President Roosevelt signed into law the Social Security Act, a social insurance program designed ... Read Full Answer >>
  10. Why is Social Security running out of money?

    On August 14, 1935, U.S. President Roosevelt signed into law the Social Security Act. Originally implemented to assist older ... Read Full Answer >>
  11. Can my spouse and children collect my Social Security when I die?

    Social Security pays four different types of benefits: retirement, disability, family and survivor. Under survivor benefits, ... Read Full Answer >>
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