A stop order, commonly referred to as a stop-loss order, is an order placed with a broker to sell a security when it reaches a pre-determined price. Stop-orders are designed to limit an investor's losses in the case of a decline in stock value. In the situation of a stock split, a company decides to divide its existing shares into multiple shares. For instance, in a 2:1 stock split the shares of a company are divided into two and shareholders receive an additional share for every share that he or she currently owns, while the value of each share is divided in half. Therefore stock splits have no material effect on the total value, or market capitalization of the firm.

In a situation where an investor has arranged for a stop-order at a price below the current stock price and the stock is then split, the stop order becomes null and void. Some believe that in this situation the stop order will be treated as a market order, however this is not the case. All stop orders will be canceled and traders will have to place new orders to reflect the adjusted stock price. Any brokerage that executed a stop order in the wake of a stock split would immediately lose any credibility and would not have many clients soon after. (To learn more about stock splits, read What Is A Stock Split? Why Do Stocks Split?)

This question was answered by Lovey Grewal.

  1. What is a stock split? Why do stocks split?

    All publicly-traded companies have a set number of shares that are outstanding on the stock market. A stock split is a decision ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. How do I place an order to buy or sell shares?

    It is easy to get started buying and selling stocks, especially with the advancements in online trading since the turn of ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Is there a difference between financial spread betting and arbitrage?

    Financial spread betting is a type of speculation that involves a highly leveraged derivative product, whereas arbitrage ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What does a high turnover ratio signify for an investment fund?

    If an investment fund has a high turnover ratio, it indicates it replaces most or all of its holdings over a one-year period. ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between passive and active asset management?

    Asset management utilizes two main investment strategies that can be used to generate returns: active asset management and ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How does a forward contract differ from a call option?

    Forward contracts and call options are different financial instruments that allow two parties to purchase or sell assets ... Read Full Answer >>
Related Articles
  1. Active Trading

    10 Steps To Building A Winning Trading Plan

    It's impossible to avoid disaster without trading rules - make sure you know how to devise them for yourself.
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Best 3 Vanguard Funds that Track the Top 500 Companies

    Discover the three Vanguard funds tracking the S&P 500 Index, and learn about the characteristics and historical statistics of these funds.
  3. Forex Education

    Time Value Of Money: Determining Your Future Worth

    Determining monthly contributions to college funds, retirement plans or savings is easy with this calculation.
  4. Investing Basics

    A Simplified Approach To Calculating Volatility

    Volatility is sometimes greater than anticipated, but the way it’s measured can compound the problems that occur when it’s unexpected.
  5. Investing Basics

    Should You Trade Forex Or Stocks?

    Deciding whether to trade stocks, foreign exchange or futures contracts typically comes down to risk tolerance, account size and convenience.
  6. Investing Basics

    What's a Benchmark?

    A benchmark is a standard investors choose to gauge the performance of their portfolios.
  7. Investing Basics

    How MasterCard Pulled Off a Buyback

    Stock buyback refers to publicly traded companies buying back their shares from shareholders. Why would they do that?
  8. Entrepreneurship

    How To Raise Seed Capital and Grow Your Startup

    To get a business off the ground, entrepreneurs need a clear understanding of how to strategically position themselves for VC firms and angel investors.
  9. Trading Strategies

    The Elements of a Perfect Momentum Trade

    Five technical elements build profits in high-risk momentum trading strategies.
  10. Investing Basics

    6 Dangerous Moves For First-Time Investors

    Anyone with an Internet connection and a bank account can trade stocks. But it’s important to avoid mistakes that are common among first-time investors.
  1. Markdown

    The difference between the highest current bid price among dealers ...
  2. Catalyst

    A catalyst in equity markets is a revelation or event that propels ...
  3. Investing

    The act of committing money or capital to an endeavor with the ...
  4. At The Lowest Possible Price

    A type of security trading designation that instructs a brokerage ...
  5. At The Highest Possible Price

    A type of security trading designation that instructs a brokerage ...
  6. Bidding Up - Securities

    The act of increasing the price an investor is willing to pay ...

You May Also Like

Hot Definitions
  1. Take A Bath

    A slang term referring to the situation of an investor who has experienced a large loss from an investment or speculative ...
  2. Black Friday

    1. A day of stock market catastrophe. Originally, September 24, 1869, was deemed Black Friday. The crash was sparked by gold ...
  3. Turkey

    Slang for an investment that yields disappointing results or turns out worse than expected. Failed business deals, securities ...
  4. Barefoot Pilgrim

    A slang term for an unsophisticated investor who loses all of his or her wealth by trading equities in the stock market. ...
  5. Quick Ratio

    The quick ratio is an indicator of a company’s short-term liquidity. The quick ratio measures a company’s ability to meet ...
  6. Black Tuesday

    October 29, 1929, when the DJIA fell 12% - one of the largest one-day drops in stock market history. More than 16 million ...
Trading Center