Can I convert non-deductible contributions made to my Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA without being taxed?

By Denise Appleby AAA
A:

You can convert the contributions to a Roth IRA; however, a portion of the amount you convert to the Roth will be subject to income tax. When your Traditional IRA balance consists of deductible and non-deductible contributions, any amount distributed or converted from the Traditional IRA is pro-rated to include a taxable and non-taxable portion of the assets.

You may figure the taxable amount by using the following formula:

(Total Deductible Contribution/Total IRA Balance) x Distribution/Conversion Amount = Non-Taxable Amount

Let's say you have non-deductible contributions of $8,000 in a Traditional IRA that have grown to $100,000. The taxable amount would be:

(8,000/100,000) X 8, 000=640

Of the $8,000 that you convert, $7,360 would be taxable ($8,000-640=$7,360).

This rule applies even if the deductible amounts and non-deductible amounts are held in separate Traditional IRAs. Also note that if you maintain multiple Traditional IRAs, their total balances must be combined in the formula above to determine the amount that can be excluded from income (i.e. the amount that is non-taxable).

Consult with your tax professional to ensure that the appropriate forms are filed and the calculations are accurate.

Reminder: IRS Form 8606 must be filed for any tax years that you distribute assets from your Traditional IRA if any of your Traditional IRA balances include non-deductible contributions. IRS Form 8606 is used to help you determine the taxable portion of your distribution or conversion. The IRS may assess a $50 penalty for any failure to file Form 8606. The form is available at http://www.irs.gov/.

This question was answered by Denise Appleby
(Contact Denise)

RELATED FAQS

  1. Can I purchase mutual funds for my IRA?

    Learn how to invest your IRA assets in mutual funds. Discover a few of the different types of mutual funds available for ...
  2. How do Pay As You Go pension plans work?

    Learn how pay-as-you-go pension plans are different than fully funded pension plans and why some government plans are running ...
  3. Who is eligible for a Teacher Retirement?

    Learn about the retirement option, the Teacher Retirement System, offered to teachers and other public school employees, ...
  4. What's the difference between a financial advisor and a financial planner?

    Seeking professional advice from a financial advisor may involve asking for financial help from a certified financial planner, ...
RELATED TERMS
  1. Elder Care

    Elder care, sometimes called elderly care, refers to services ...
  2. Deferred Tax Asset

    A deferred tax asset is an asset on a company's balance sheet ...
  3. Gold IRA

    Definition of Gold IRA
  4. Eligible Transfer

    An IRS-allowed movement of assets into or out of an individual ...
  5. Leveraged Benefits

    The use – by a business owner or professional practitioner – ...
  6. Peri-Retirement

    A term for the period of time leading up to actual retirement. ...

You May Also Like

Related Articles
  1. You need to be patient, diligent and perseverant to be successful at investing, but more importantly, you need to start early.
    Investing Basics

    Why You Should Start Investing Early? ...

  2. Many of us fantasize about winning a big lottery jackpot. Let’s say that actually happened? What would you do with the money? How would you manage it?
    Professionals

    Tips For Managing A Cash Windfall

  3. Retirement

    Planning Ahead for 2015's Tax Law Changes

  4. Even though inflation currently seems tame, it's still the worst enemy of retirees. Here are some tips to reduce its impact.
    Professionals

    Tips For Managing Inflation In Retirement

  5. Retirement

    5 Crucial Tips For Your Retirement Income ...

Trading Center