Can I convert non-deductible contributions made to my Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA without being taxed?

By Denise Appleby AAA
A:

You can convert the contributions to a Roth IRA; however, a portion of the amount you convert to the Roth will be subject to income tax. When your Traditional IRA balance consists of deductible and non-deductible contributions, any amount distributed or converted from the Traditional IRA is pro-rated to include a taxable and non-taxable portion of the assets.

You may figure the taxable amount by using the following formula:

(Total Deductible Contribution/Total IRA Balance) x Distribution/Conversion Amount = Non-Taxable Amount

Let's say you have non-deductible contributions of $8,000 in a Traditional IRA that have grown to $100,000. The taxable amount would be:

(8,000/100,000) X 8, 000=640

Of the $8,000 that you convert, $7,360 would be taxable ($8,000-640=$7,360).

This rule applies even if the deductible amounts and non-deductible amounts are held in separate Traditional IRAs. Also note that if you maintain multiple Traditional IRAs, their total balances must be combined in the formula above to determine the amount that can be excluded from income (i.e. the amount that is non-taxable).

Consult with your tax professional to ensure that the appropriate forms are filed and the calculations are accurate.

Reminder: IRS Form 8606 must be filed for any tax years that you distribute assets from your Traditional IRA if any of your Traditional IRA balances include non-deductible contributions. IRS Form 8606 is used to help you determine the taxable portion of your distribution or conversion. The IRS may assess a $50 penalty for any failure to file Form 8606. The form is available at http://www.irs.gov/.

This question was answered by Denise Appleby
(Contact Denise)

RELATED FAQS

  1. What are the 403(b) contribution limits?

    Determine whether 403(b) contributions meet federal guidelines. Contribution limits to this retirement plan are determined ...
  2. Can I roll over a 403b plan?

    Learn whether distributions from a 403(b) plan can be rolled over, where they can be rolled over to and what the income tax ...
  3. What is the difference between a 408 (k) plan and a 401 (k) plan?

    Learn key differences between 401(k) and 408(k) plans. Employers provide different options to help employees save for retirement, ...
  4. Is a 408 (k) the same as a Simplified Employee Pension (SEP)?

    Find out the differences and the similarities between a 408(k) retirement plan and a simplified employee pension (SEP), and ...
RELATED TERMS
  1. Elder Care

    Elder care, sometimes called elderly care, refers to services ...
  2. Deferred Tax Asset

    A deferred tax asset is an asset on a company's balance sheet ...
  3. Gold IRA

    Definition of Gold IRA
  4. Eligible Transfer

    An IRS-allowed movement of assets into or out of an individual ...
  5. Leveraged Benefits

    The use – by a business owner or professional practitioner – ...
  6. Peri-Retirement

    A term for the period of time leading up to actual retirement. ...
comments powered by Disqus
Related Articles
  1. When Your Job Offers An Awful Retirement ...
    Retirement

    When Your Job Offers An Awful Retirement ...

  2. Top 5 Strategies To Pay For Elder Care
    Retirement

    Top 5 Strategies To Pay For Elder Care

  3. 10 Common Retirement Planning Mistakes ...
    Retirement

    10 Common Retirement Planning Mistakes ...

  4. Federal Tax Brackets
    Taxes

    Federal Tax Brackets

  5. 7 Steps To Evaluate A Financial Adviser
    Investing Basics

    7 Steps To Evaluate A Financial Adviser

Trading Center