A:

You can convert the contributions to a Roth IRA; however, a portion of the amount you convert to the Roth will be subject to income tax. When your Traditional IRA balance consists of deductible and non-deductible contributions, any amount distributed or converted from the Traditional IRA is pro-rated to include a taxable and non-taxable portion of the assets.

You may figure the taxable amount by using the following formula:

(Total Deductible Contribution/Total IRA Balance) x Distribution/Conversion Amount = Non-Taxable Amount

Let's say you have non-deductible contributions of $8,000 in a Traditional IRA that have grown to $100,000. The taxable amount would be:

(8,000/100,000) X 8, 000=640

Of the $8,000 that you convert, $7,360 would be taxable ($8,000-640=$7,360).

This rule applies even if the deductible amounts and non-deductible amounts are held in separate Traditional IRAs. Also note that if you maintain multiple Traditional IRAs, their total balances must be combined in the formula above to determine the amount that can be excluded from income (i.e. the amount that is non-taxable).

Consult with your tax professional to ensure that the appropriate forms are filed and the calculations are accurate.

Reminder: IRS Form 8606 must be filed for any tax years that you distribute assets from your Traditional IRA if any of your Traditional IRA balances include non-deductible contributions. IRS Form 8606 is used to help you determine the taxable portion of your distribution or conversion. The IRS may assess a $50 penalty for any failure to file Form 8606. The form is available at http://www.irs.gov/.

This question was answered by Denise Appleby
(Contact Denise)

RELATED FAQS

  1. When can benefits be received from a provident fund?

    Find out when participants in provident funds can begin receiving benefits, including how funds can be used to finance important ...
  2. Is Social Security Income a perpetuity?

    Find out why Social Security income is not classified as a perpetuity, including what constitutes a perpetuity and the basics ...
  3. What types of investments are allowed in a provident fund?

    Read about the types of investments allowed in various provident funds around the world, including the Indian, Malaysian ...
  4. How does a provident fund compare to U.S. Social Security?

    Find out how provident funds compare to the U.S. Social Security program, including examples of income limits and contribution ...
RELATED TERMS
  1. See-Through Trust

    A trust that is treated as the beneficiary of an individual retirement ...
  2. Backdoor Roth IRA

    A method that taxpayers can use to place retirement savings in ...
  3. Tax Deductible Interest

    A borrowing expense that a taxpayer can claim on a federal or ...
  4. Current Service Benefit

    The amount of pension benefit accrued by an employee who had ...
  5. Self Invested Personal Pension (SIPP)

    A tax-efficient retirement savings account available in Great ...
  6. Elder Care

    Elder care, sometimes called elderly care, refers to services ...

You May Also Like

Related Articles
  1. Retirement

    Does it Make Sense to Have an MLP in ...

  2. Retirement

    Top Tips for Rebalancing 401(k) Assets

  3. Professionals

    Few Target-Date Managers Invest in Their ...

  4. Fundamental Analysis

    Should You Hire an Advisor or DIY Your ...

  5. Retirement

    Risky Business:Trading Inverse ETFs ...

Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!