Financial Theory FAQs

  1. How do I calculate the P/E ratio of a company?

  2. What is the formula for calculating free cash flow?

  3. What items are considered liquid assets?

  4. How do you calculate working capital?

  5. What is the formula for calculating beta?

  6. How does accrual accounting differ from cash basis accounting?

  7. What is the difference between amortization and depreciation?

  8. What is the formula for calculating profit margins?

  9. Why would a company buyback its own shares?

  10. What is the formula for calculating weighted average cost of capital (WACC)?

  11. What is the formula for calculating the current ratio?

  12. What is the difference between CAPEX and OPEX?

  13. What is the formula for calculating compound annual growth rate (CAGR) in Excel?

  14. How do you calculate return on equity (ROE)?

  15. What is the formula for calculating earnings per share (EPS)?

  16. What is the formula for calculating internal rate of return (IRR) in Excel?

  17. What is the formula for calculating net present value (NPV) in Excel?

  18. What counts as "debts" and "income" when calculating my debt-to-income (DTI) ratio?

  19. Who are Monsanto's main competitors?

  20. How do I calculate the inventory turnover ratio?

  21. Are qualified dividends included in ordinary dividends?

  22. Why do you need a margin account to short sell stocks?

  23. How does depreciation affect cash flow?

  24. How should I analyze a company's financial statements?

  25. Free & operating cash flows: What's the Difference?

  26. How do you read a P&L statement?

  27. Why do some companies pay a dividend, while other companies do not?

  28. What is the Difference Between Operating Income and Net Income?

  29. How do I value the shares that I own in a private company?

  30. How do I become a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)?

  31. Does marrying someone with bad credit affect my credit score?

  32. What is the difference between tangible and intangible assets?

  33. What is a good debt ratio, and what is a bad debt ratio?

  34. What is the formula for calculating the debt-to-equity ratio?

  35. Do plane tickets get cheaper closer to the date of departure?

  36. Are secured personal loans better than unsecured loans?

  37. How many free credit reports can you get per year?

  38. Can working capital be depreciated?

  39. Do working capital funds expire?

  40. How does escheatment affect a company's shareholders?

  41. How much working capital does a small business need?

  42. What does high working capital say about a company's financial prospects?

  43. Have hedge funds eroded market opportunities?

  44. How can working capital affect a company's finances?

  45. What can working capital be used for?

  46. What are working capital costs?

  47. What does low working capital say about a company's financial prospects?

  48. Does unearned revenue affect working capital?

  49. Do banks have working capital?

  50. Do nonprofit organizations have working capital?

  51. Can a company's working capital turnover ratio be negative?

  52. How can companies use the cash flow statement to mislead investors?

  53. Does working capital include salaries?

  54. Does working capital include inventory?

  55. What is a profit and loss (P&L) statement?

  56. How do I use discounted cash flow (DCF) to value stock?

  57. How do dividends affect the balance sheet?

  58. Who actually declares a dividend?

  59. Are dividends considered an expense?

  60. Do dividends go on the balance sheet?

  61. What is the difference between a Debit Order and a Standard Order in a bank reconciliation?

  62. What are some examples of general and administrative expenses?

  63. How do dividend distributions affect additional paid in capital?

  64. When does the fixed charge coverage ratio suggest that a company should stop borrowing money?

  65. Why can additional paid in capital never have a negative balance?

  66. How does additional paid in capital affect retained earnings?

  67. How are American Depository Receipts (ADRs) priced?

  68. How can EV/EBITDA be used in conjunction with the P/E ratio?

  69. How often should a small business owner go through a bank reconciliation process?

  70. How can a company reduce the unsystematic risk of its own security issues?

  71. Why is a company's Cash Flow from Financing (CFF) important to both investors and creditors?

  72. What is the difference between recurring and non-recurring general and administrative expenses?

  73. What does a futures contract cost?

  74. How can I find a company's EV/EBITDA multiple?

  75. What is the difference between terminal value and residual value?

  76. What kind of assets can be traded on a secondary market?

  77. What is considered a healthy EV/EBITDA?

  78. What can working capital turnover ratios tell a trader?

  79. How can I find net margin by looking a company's financial statements?

  80. How do you find the break-even point using a payback period?

  81. What is a negative write-off?

  82. What metrics can be used when evaluating a telecommunications company to ensure its cash flow is sustainable?

  83. How do you record adjustments for accrued revenue?

  84. What do I do if I think an accountant is in violation of the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles?

  85. What factors make it difficult to compare performance ratios between retail stocks?

  86. How do investors interpret the same store sales ratio when analyzing food and beverage stocks?

  87. What are some of the more common types of regressions investors can use?

  88. What are some common accretive transactions?

  89. What portion of the telecommunications sector will benefit most from continued growth in the use of cell phones?

  90. How do you calculate a reverse split using Excel?

  91. What happens to the shares of stock purchased in a tender offer?

  92. How can I use the funds from operations to total debt ratio to assess risk?

  93. What are some common financial sampling methods?

  94. What is the average price-to-earnings ratio in the retail sector?

  95. What does residual value represent in a private equity investment?

  96. What is the average price-to-book ratio of companies in the retail sector?

  97. What is the formula for calculating free cash flow in Excel?

  98. What metrics are commonly used to evaluate companies in the retail sector?

  99. How is a company's market capitalization affected by a reverse stock split?

  100. What is the effect of a reverse split on the stock's value?

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