Economics Terms

  1. Nonresident Alien

  2. Nonsegregated Disclosures

  3. Nontariff Barrier

  4. Noon Average Rate Contract - NARC

  5. Noon Rate

  6. Nordic Tiger

  7. Normal Distribution

  8. Normal Good

  9. Normal Profit

  10. North American Free Trade Agreement - NAFTA

  11. North American Industry Classification System - NAICS

  12. Notice Of Deficiency

  13. Notice Of Seizure

  14. Nouriel Roubini

  15. Null Hypothesis

  16. NY Empire State Index

  17. Obamanomics

  18. Objective Probability

  19. Ocean Bill Of Lading

  20. October Effect

  21. Odious Debt

  22. Off Balance Sheet - OBS

  23. Office Audit

  24. Office Of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight - OFHEO

  25. Office Of Foreign Asset Control - OFAC

  26. Office Of The Comptroller Of The Currency - OCC

  27. Office Of Thrift Supervision - OTS

  28. Official Staff Commentary

  29. Oil Price to Natural Gas Ratio

  30. Okun Gap

  31. Okun's Law

  32. Old Lady

  33. Oligopoly

  34. Oligopsony

  35. Ombudsman

  36. One-Child Policy

  37. One-Day Certificate

  38. One-Tailed Test

  39. One-Third Rule

  40. Ontario Securities Commission - OSC

  41. Open Market

  42. Open Market Operations - OMO

  43. Open Mouth Operations

  44. Open-Market Rate

  45. Operation Twist

  46. Operational Target

  47. Opportunity Cost

  48. Optimal Currency Area

  49. Optimum Currency Area Theory

  50. Order Paper

  51. Organization Of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries - OAPEC

  52. Organization Of Petroleum Exporting Countries - OPEC

  53. Organizational Economics

  54. Original Cost

  55. Outcome Bias

  56. Output Gap

  57. Outsourcing

  58. Overdraft

  59. Overextension

  60. Overfitting

  61. Overheated Economy

  62. Overnight Delivery Risk

  63. Overnight Index Swap

  64. Overnight Limit

  65. Overnight Rate

  66. Overseas Private Investment Corporation - OPIC

  67. Overshooting

  68. Oversupply

  69. P-Test

  70. P-Value

  71. P/E 10 Ratio

  72. Pacific Rim

  73. Pale Recession

  74. Panic Selling

  75. Paper Industry ETF

  76. Paper Money

  77. Paradox Of Thrift

  78. Pareto Efficiency

  79. Pareto Improvement

  80. Paris Club

  81. Parity Product

  82. Participation Rate

  83. Partnership

  84. Passbook Loan

  85. Pay Czar

  86. Pay Czar Clause

  87. Pay To Bearer

  88. Paycation

  89. Payment

  90. Peace Dividend

  91. Peak

  92. Peak Debt

  93. Peak Pricing

  94. Pearson Coefficient

  95. Pent Up Demand

  96. Per Capita

  97. Per Capita GDP

  98. Perfect Competition

  99. Permanent Income Hypothesis

  100. Permanent Open Market Operations - POMO

Hot Definitions
  1. Joint Venture - JV

    A business arrangement in which two or more parties agree to pool their resources for the purpose of accomplishing a specific task. This task can be a new project or any other business activity. In a joint venture (JV), each of the participants is responsible for profits, losses and costs associated with it.
  2. Aggregate Risk

    The exposure of a bank, financial institution, or any type of major investor to foreign exchange contracts - both spot and forward - from a single counterparty or client. Aggregate risk in forex may also be defined as the total exposure of an entity to changes or fluctuations in currency rates.
  3. Organic Growth

    The growth rate that a company can achieve by increasing output and enhancing sales. This excludes any profits or growth acquired from takeovers, acquisitions or mergers. Takeovers, acquisitions and mergers do not bring about profits generated within the company, and are therefore not considered organic.
  4. Family Limited Partnership - FLP

    A type of partnership designed to centralize family business or investment accounts. FLPs pool together a family's assets into one single family-owned business partnership that family members own shares of. FLPs are frequently used as an estate tax minimization strategy, as shares in the FLP can be transferred between generations, at lower taxation rates than would be applied to the partnership's holdings.
  5. Yield Burning

    The illegal practice of underwriters marking up the prices on bonds for the purpose of reducing the yield on the bond. This practice, referred to as "burning the yield," is done after the bond is placed in escrow for an investor who is awaiting repayment.
  6. Marginal Analysis

    An examination of the additional benefits of an activity compared to the additional costs of that activity. Companies use marginal analysis as a decision-making tool to help them maximize their profits. Individuals unconsciously use marginal analysis to make a host of everyday decisions. Marginal analysis is also widely used in microeconomics when analyzing how a complex system is affected by marginal manipulation of its comprising variables.
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