Economics Terms

  1. Nonlinear Regression

  2. Nonlinearity

  3. Nonparametric Method

  4. Nonparametric Statistics

  5. Nonresident Alien

  6. Nonsegregated Disclosures

  7. Nontariff Barrier

  8. Noon Average Rate Contract - NARC

  9. Noon Rate

  10. Nordic Tiger

  11. Normal Distribution

  12. Normal Good

  13. Normal Profit

  14. North American Free Trade Agreement - NAFTA

  15. North American Industry Classification System - NAICS

  16. Notice Of Deficiency

  17. Notice Of Seizure

  18. Nouriel Roubini

  19. Null Hypothesis

  20. NY Empire State Index

  21. Obamanomics

  22. Objective Probability

  23. Ocean Bill Of Lading

  24. October Effect

  25. Odious Debt

  26. Off Balance Sheet - OBS

  27. Office Audit

  28. Office Of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight - OFHEO

  29. Office Of Foreign Asset Control - OFAC

  30. Office Of The Comptroller Of The Currency - OCC

  31. Office Of Thrift Supervision - OTS

  32. Official Staff Commentary

  33. Oil Price to Natural Gas Ratio

  34. Okun Gap

  35. Okun's Law

  36. Old Lady

  37. Oligopoly

  38. Oligopsony

  39. Ombudsman

  40. One-Child Policy

  41. One-Day Certificate

  42. One-Tailed Test

  43. One-Third Rule

  44. Ontario Securities Commission - OSC

  45. Open Market

  46. Open Market Operations - OMO

  47. Open Mouth Operations

  48. Open-Market Rate

  49. Operation Twist

  50. Operational Target

  51. Opportunity Cost

  52. Optimal Currency Area

  53. Optimum Currency Area Theory

  54. Order Paper

  55. Organization Of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries - OAPEC

  56. Organization Of Petroleum Exporting Countries - OPEC

  57. Organizational Economics

  58. Original Cost

  59. Outcome Bias

  60. Output Gap

  61. Outsourcing

  62. Overdraft

  63. Overextension

  64. Overfitting

  65. Overheated Economy

  66. Overnight Delivery Risk

  67. Overnight Index Swap

  68. Overnight Limit

  69. Overnight Rate

  70. Overseas Private Investment Corporation - OPIC

  71. Overshooting

  72. Oversupply

  73. P-Test

  74. P-Value

  75. P/E 10 Ratio

  76. Pacific Rim

  77. Pale Recession

  78. Panic Selling

  79. Paper Industry ETF

  80. Paper Money

  81. Paradox Of Thrift

  82. Pareto Efficiency

  83. Pareto Improvement

  84. Paris Club

  85. Parity Product

  86. Participation Rate

  87. Partnership

  88. Passbook Loan

  89. Pay Czar

  90. Pay Czar Clause

  91. Pay To Bearer

  92. Paycation

  93. Payment

  94. Payroll Tax

  95. Peace Dividend

  96. Peak

  97. Peak Debt

  98. Peak Pricing

  99. Pearson Coefficient

  100. Pent Up Demand

Hot Definitions
  1. Debit Spread

    Two options with different market prices that an investor trades on the same underlying security. The higher priced option is purchased and the lower premium option is sold - both at the same time. The higher the debit spread, the greater the initial cash outflow the investor will incur on the transaction.
  2. Odious Debt

    Money borrowed by one country from another country and then misappropriated by national rulers. A nation's debt becomes odious debt when government leaders use borrowed funds in ways that don't benefit or even oppress citizens. Some legal scholars argue that successor governments should not be held accountable for odious debt incurred by earlier regimes, but there is no consensus on how odious debt should actually be treated.
  3. Takeover

    A corporate action where an acquiring company makes a bid for an acquiree. If the target company is publicly traded, the acquiring company will make an offer for the outstanding shares.
  4. Harvest Strategy

    A strategy in which investment in a particular line of business is reduced or eliminated because the revenue brought in by additional investment would not warrant the expense. A harvest strategy is employed when a line of business is considered to be a cash cow, meaning that the brand is mature and is unlikely to grow if more investment is added.
  5. Stop-Limit Order

    An order placed with a broker that combines the features of stop order with those of a limit order. A stop-limit order will be executed at a specified price (or better) after a given stop price has been reached. Once the stop price is reached, the stop-limit order becomes a limit order to buy (or sell) at the limit price or better.
  6. Pareto Principle

    A principle, named after economist Vilfredo Pareto, that specifies an unequal relationship between inputs and outputs. The principle states that, for many phenomena, 20% of invested input is responsible for 80% of the results obtained. Put another way, 80% of consequences stem from 20% of the causes.
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