Investor Relations Terms

  1. Corporate Fraud

  2. Corporate Governance

  3. Corporate Kleptocracy

  4. Corporate Resolution

  5. Corporate Social Responsibility

  6. Corruption

  7. Coverage Initiated

  8. Crisis Management

  9. Cross-Listing

  10. Cumulative Voting

  11. Current Dividend Preference

  12. Customer Relationship Management - CRM

  13. Defalcation

  14. Direct Purchase Program

  15. Direct Repurchase

  16. Directorate

  17. Dirks Test

  18. Disclosure

  19. Distributing Syndicate

  20. Distribution Waterfall

  21. Dividend Clawback

  22. Dividend Clientele

  23. Dividend ETF

  24. Double Taxation

  25. Dow Jones STOXX Sustainability Index

  26. Dow Jones Sustainability North America Index

  27. Dow Jones Sustainability World Index

  28. Dual Class Stock

  29. Dual-Class Ownership

  30. Dummy CUSIP Number

  31. DUNS Number

  32. Earnings Announcement

  33. Earnings Call

  34. Earnings Surprise

  35. Economic Calendar

  36. EDGAR Public Dissemination Service (PDS) System

  37. Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval - EDGAR

  38. Employee Buyout - EBO

  39. Enroned

  40. Environmental, Social And Governance (ESG) Criteria

  41. Equity Method

  42. Erasure Guarantee

  43. Ethical Investing

  44. Exchange Privilege

  45. Expert Network

  46. Export Trading Company - ETC

  47. Extra Dividend

  48. Extraordinary General Meeting - EGM

  49. F. Duane Ackerman

  50. Fair Trade Investing

  51. FDIC Problem Bank List

  52. Fiduciary Fraud

  53. Financial Statements

  54. Fitch Ratings

  55. Five Hundred Dollar Rule

  56. Flowback

  57. Foam The Runway

  58. Foreign Investment Funds (FIF) Tax

  59. Form 144

  60. Form 3

  61. Form 4

  62. Form 5

  63. Form ADV

  64. Form S-4

  65. Form T

  66. Freeze Out

  67. Full Ratchet

  68. G. Allen Andreas Jr.

  69. Going Private

  70. Golden Handshake

  71. Golden Leash

  72. Golden Parachute

  73. Government Grant

  74. Greenwashing

  75. Gross Revenue Pledge

  76. Halted Issue

  77. Hedonic Treadmill

  78. Held At The Opening

  79. Honesty Bond

  80. Hostile Bid

  81. Hostile Takeover

  82. Icahn Lift

  83. If-Converted Method

  84. Incumbent

  85. Independent Outside Director

  86. India ETF

  87. Information Circular

  88. Inside Director

  89. Interested Shareholder

  90. Interlocking Directorates

  91. Internal Auditor

  92. Internal Claim

  93. International ETF

  94. Investment Advisor

  95. Investment Manager

  96. Investment Policy Statement - IPS

  97. Investor Relations - IR

  98. Jamie Dimon

  99. Japan ETFs

  100. Katie Couric Clause

Hot Definitions
  1. National Best Bid and Offer - NBBO

    A term applying to the SEC requirement that brokers must guarantee customers the best available ask price when they buy securities and the best available bid price when they sell securities.
  2. Maintenance Margin

    The minimum amount of equity that must be maintained in a margin account. In the context of the NYSE and FINRA, after an investor has bought securities on margin, the minimum required level of margin is 25% of the total market value of the securities in the margin account.
  3. Leased Bank Guarantee

    A bank guarantee that is leased to a third party for a specific fee. The issuing bank will conduct due diligence on the creditworthiness of the customer looking to secure a bank guarantee, then lease a guarantee to that customer for a set amount of money and over a set period of time, typically less than two years.
  4. Degree Of Financial Leverage - DFL

    A ratio that measures the sensitivity of a company’s earnings per share (EPS) to fluctuations in its operating income, as a result of changes in its capital structure. Degree of Financial Leverage (DFL) measures the percentage change in EPS for a unit change in earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT).
  5. Jeff Bezos

    Self-made billionaire Jeff Bezos is famous for founding online retail giant Amazon.com.
  6. Re-fracking

    Re-fracking is the practice of returning to older wells that had been fracked in the recent past to capitalize on newer, more effective extraction technology. Re-fracking can be effective on especially tight oil deposits – where the shale products low yields – to extend their productivity.
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