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  1. Economics

    Understanding Impairment

    In finance and accounting, impairment refers to the loss of value of a company’s capital stock.
  2. Fundamental Analysis

    What is Gearing?

    Gearing, also called leverage, is the degree to which a company’s operations are funded by lenders versus shareholders.
  3. Economics

    What is Earnest Money?

    An earnest money deposit shows the seller that a buyer is serious about purchasing a property.
  4. Economics

    Understanding Perpetuity

    Perpetuity means without end. In finance, a perpetuity is a flow of money that will be received on a regular basis without a specified ending date.
  5. Credit & Loans

    Understanding Credit Risk

    Credit risk arises whenever a borrower is expecting to use future cash flows to pay a current debt.
  6. Investing Basics

    Explaining Market Value of Equity

    Market value of equity is the total value of all the outstanding stock as measured in the stock market at a particular time.
  7. Economics

    What is a Promissory Note?

    A written promise by one party to pay another party a definite sum of money either on demand or at a specified future date.
  8. Economics

    Understanding Money Supply

    Money supply – also called money stock -- refers to the total amount of currency and other liquid financial products in an economy at a particular time.
  9. Economics

    What is Value Added?

    Value added is used to describe instances where a firm takes a product and adds a feature that gives customers a greater sense of value.
  10. Investing Basics

    What is Spread?

    Spread has several slightly different meanings depending on the context. Generally, spread refers to the difference between two comparable measures.
  11. Economics

    What is a Wholly Owned Subsidiary?

    A company whose common stock is 100% owned by another company, called the parent company.
  12. Investing Basics

    What is the Secondary Market?

    The secondary market is where investors purchase securities or assets from other investors, rather than from the issuing companies themselves.
  13. Economics

    Understanding Specialization

    Specialization is when a person, business, or region focuses their productive efforts on a smaller subset of a larger system for a competitive advantage.
  14. Economics

    How were nominal interest rates in the economy set before ...

    Learn more about how nominal interest rates are determined, how the Federal Reserve targets them, and how they acted prior to the establishment of the Fed.
  15. Fundamental Analysis

    Why is the EBITDA margin considered to be a good indicator ...

    Understand why the EBITDA margin is a good indicator of a company's financial health. Learn why it also has some drawbacks when measuring company performance.
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