Amy Fontinelle

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  1. Designated Market Maker
    Investing Basics

    Designated Market Maker

    A designated market maker maintains fair and orderly markets for an assigned set of listed firms and improves market liquidity.
  2. Amortization Schedule
    Term

    Amortization Schedule

    A complete schedule of periodic blended loan payments, showing the amount of principal and the amount of interest that comprise each payment so that the loan will be paid off at the end of its term. Early ...
  3. EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes)
    Investing Basics

    EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes)

    Earnings before interest and taxes, or EBIT, takes a company’s revenue, or earnings, and subtracts its cost of goods sold and operating expenses.
  4. Time to  Accept Credit Card Offers Again?
    Credit & Loans

    Time to Accept Credit Card Offers Again?

    How much you could get and whether to respond
  5. Covered Interest Arbitrage
    Forex Strategies

    Covered Interest Arbitrage

    Covered interest arbitrage is a trading strategy in which an investor uses a forward currency contract to hedge against exchange rate risk.
  6. Business Cycle
    Economics

    Business Cycle

    The business cycle refers to the fluctuations in economic activity that an economy experiences over a period of time. It consists of expansions, or periods of economic growth, and contractions, or periods ...
  7. Depository Trust Company
    Investing Basics

    Depository Trust Company

    The Depository Trust Company, founded in 1973 and based in New York City, is one of the world's largest securities depositories.
  8. The Home Appraisal: Your Key to a Successful Refinance
    Home & Auto

    The Home Appraisal: Your Key to a Successful Refinance

    When you refinance your mortgage, everything hinges on the appraisal. Here's what appraisers look at, how to make your home look as valuable as possible and ways to fight back if the valuation comes in ...
  9. Negative Volume Index - NVI
    Term

    Negative Volume Index - NVI

    A technical indicator that relies on changes in a security’s volume to identify when smart money is driving the current trend. The Negative Volume Index suggests that unsophisticated investors buy and ...
  10. Understanding FHA Home Loans
    Retirement

    Understanding FHA Home Loans

    Don't be overwhelmed when filling out these forms. Find out what you need to do here.
  11. Five Retirement Warning Signs for Millennials
    Retirement

    Five Retirement Warning Signs for Millennials

    If Gen Y'ers don't want to keep working forever, here's what they need to do now.
  12. Appraisal Management Company - AMC
    Term

    Appraisal Management Company - AMC

    An independent entity through which mortgage lenders order residential real estate valuation services for properties on which they are considering extending loans to homebuyers.
  13. Event Risk
    Term

    Event Risk

    1. The risk due to unforeseen events partaken by or associated with a company. 2. The risk associated with a changing portfolio value due to large swings in market prices. Also referred to as "jump risk" ...
  14. Hydrocarbon
    Term

    Hydrocarbon

    An organic chemical compound composed exclusively of hydrogen and carbon atoms. Hydrocarbons can be solids, liquids or gasses and are what petroleum and natural gas are primarily made up of. The way the ...
  15. Treasury Yield
    Term

    Treasury Yield

    The return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the debt obligations of the U.S. government. Treasuries are considered to be a low-risk investment because they are backed by the full faith and ...
  16. Retirement Income Certified Professional - RICP
    Term

    Retirement Income Certified Professional - RICP

    A professional designation for experienced financial professionals who wish to become experts in retirement income planning.
  17. Investment Company Act Of 1940
    Term

    Investment Company Act Of 1940

    Created in 1940 through an act of Congress, this piece of legislation clearly defines the responsibilities and limitations placed on fund companies that offer investment products to the public.
  18. Forward Guidance
    Term

    Forward Guidance

    Verbal assurances from a country’s central bank to the public about its intended monetary policies.
  19. S-Score
    Term

    S-Score

    A numerical value that encapsulates how consumers and investors feel about a company, stock, ETF, sector or index as expressed over social media, specifically Twitter. S-Scores are created with data gathered ...
  20. Inventory: FIFO, LIFO
    Fundamental Analysis

    Inventory: FIFO, LIFO

    Whether a company chooses FIFO or LIFO has important implications for the bottom line and for tax liability.
  21. How To Use Your Roth IRA As An Emergency Fund
    Taxes

    How To Use Your Roth IRA As An Emergency Fund

    Do you feel like you don’t have enough money to save for emergencies and also save for retirement? An often-overlooked feature of the Roth IRA could solve your problem.
  22. How Federal Open Market Committee Meetings Drive Rates And ...
    Economics

    How Federal Open Market Committee Meetings Drive Rates And ...

    Janet Yellen's first Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting - and its aftermath - is an important bellwether for the immediate future of the U.S. economy.
  23. North American Free Trade Agreement - NAFTA
    Term

    North American Free Trade Agreement - NAFTA

    A regulation implemented on Jan. 1, 1994, that decreased and eventually eliminated tariffs to encourage economic activity between the United States, Mexico and Canada. NAFTA is credited with making it ...
  24. Fixed Or Variable-Rate Mortgage: Which Is Better Right Now?
    Home & Auto

    Fixed Or Variable-Rate Mortgage: Which Is Better Right Now?

    Find out the benefits of fixed- and variable-rate mortgages, and learn which option is best for you.
  25. Volcker Rule
    Term

    Volcker Rule

    The Volcker rule separates investment banking, private equity and proprietary trading (hedge fund) sections of financial institutions from their consumer lending arms.
  26. Five Women Who Are Leading In Male-Dominated Fields
    Personal Finance

    Five Women Who Are Leading In Male-Dominated Fields

    In honor of March's Women's History Month, we look at five prominent female leaders who've taken leading roles at tables mostly populated by men.
  27. Americans Are Borrowing More To Buy Cars - But Should They ...
    Home & Auto

    Americans Are Borrowing More To Buy Cars - But Should They ...

    As the economy slowly heals, credit has become easier to obtain and interest rates have gone down. But does that mean it's wise to take on a car loan right now?
  28. Money Market Hedge
    Term

    Money Market Hedge

    A practice that businesses engaging in foreign trade use to eliminate foreign currency risk by purchasing the foreign currency at today’s spot price. A money market hedge helps a domestic company ...
  29. Holding Company
    Term

    Holding Company

    A parent corporation that owns enough voting stock in another corporation to control its board of directors (and, therefore, controls its policies and management).
  30. Financialization
    Markets

    Financialization

    Financialization is an increase in the size and importance of a country's financial sector relative to its overall economy.
  31. Surrender Period
    Term

    Surrender Period

    The amount of time an investor must wait until he or she can withdraw funds from an annuity without facing a penalty. Withdrawing money before the agreed-upon holding period can result in a surrender charge. ...
  32. How Financial Advisors Mistreat Women (And What Women Can ...
    Personal Finance

    How Financial Advisors Mistreat Women (And What Women Can ...

    While many women want professional help managing their finances, some male advisors still treat women as second-class citizens. We’ve talked to three women who work in the financial services industry about ...
  33. Consumer Theory
    Term

    Consumer Theory

    Investopedia explains: The study of how people decide what to spend their money on given their preferences and their budget constraints.
  34. What Will Happen To Treasury Yields With Yellen And Tapering?
    Markets

    What Will Happen To Treasury Yields With Yellen And Tapering?

    Janet Yellen was sworn in as Federal Reserve chair Feb. 3, 2014, ending Ben Bernanke's eight-year tenure. Yellen assumes her role at a time when the economy is its strongest since the recession ended in ...
  35. MyRA
    Term

    MyRA

    A new tax-advantaged retirement account that President Barack Obama introduced in January 2014 as a way for lower-income workers to save for retirement. Workers can open an account with as little as $25 ...
  36. Tax Exporting
    Term

    Tax Exporting

    The raising of revenue for one jurisdiction through the levying of taxes on residents of another jurisdiction. Tax exporting means that nonresidents pay for a share of the public services they benefit ...
  37. Consumer Confidence Index
    Investing Basics

    Consumer Confidence Index

    The Consumer Confidence Index is the result of a monthly survey of 5,000 U.S. households by the Conference Board that measures how optimistic or pessimistic consumers are about the economy's current and ...
  38. Private Finance Initiative - PFI
    Term

    Private Finance Initiative - PFI

    A method of providing funds for major capital investments where private firms are contracted to complete and manage the projects. These contracts are typically given to construction firms and last a long ...
  39. Financialization
    Term

    Financialization

    An increase in the size and importance of a country’s financial sector relative to its overall economy. Financialization impacts both the macroeconomy and the microeconomy by changing how financial ...
  40. Unbundling
    Term

    Unbundling

    The process of taking over a large company with several different lines of business, and then, while retaining the core business, selling off the subsidiaries to help fund the takeover.
  41. Reconciliation
    Term

    Reconciliation

    An accounting process used to compare two sets of records to ensure the figures are in agreement and are accurate. Reconciliation is the key process used to determine whether the money leaving an account ...
  42. Selling, General & Administrative Expenses (SG&A)
    Investing Basics

    Selling, General & Administrative Expenses (SG&A)

    Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) are a company's total direct and indirect costs from selling its product or service as well as its total general and administrative expenses. The company ...
  43. Explaining Comparative Advantage
    Economics

    Explaining Comparative Advantage

    Comparative advantage is the ability of an individual, company or country to produce a good or service at a lower opportunity cost than its competitor. Having a comparative advantage doesn't mean that ...
  44. Wealth Effect
    Economics

    Wealth Effect

    The wealth effect is a psychological phenomenon that causes people to spend more as the value of their assets rises. The premise is that when consumers' homes or investment portfolios increase in value, ...
  45. Basic Concept Of Absolute Advantage
    Economics

    Basic Concept Of Absolute Advantage

    Absolute advantage is the ability of an individual, country or company to produce a good or service at a lower cost than any competitor. An entity with an absolute advantage requires fewer inputs and/or ...
  46. Absolute Advantage
    Term

    Absolute Advantage

    The ability of a country, individual, company or region to produce a good or service at a lower cost per unit than the cost at which any other entity produces that good or service.
  47. Depository Trust Company - DTC
    Term

    Depository Trust Company - DTC

    One of the world's largest securities depositories, it holds in excess of US$10 trillion worth of securities in custody. The DTC acts like a clearinghouse to settle trades in corporate and municipal securities. ...
  48. The Operating Leverage And DOL
    Fundamental Analysis

    The Operating Leverage And DOL

    Operating leverage tells investors about the relationship between a company's fixed and variable costs. The higher a company's fixed costs in relation to its variable costs, the greater its operating leverage, ...
  49. Target-Date Fund
    Term

    Target-Date Fund

    A mutual fund in the hybrid category that automatically resets the asset mix (stocks, bonds, cash equivalents) in its portfolio according to a selected time frame that is appropriate for a particular investor. ...
  50. Withholding Allowance
    Term

    Withholding Allowance

    An allowance an individual claims on a W-4 Form. A withholding allowance is mainly used to assist an employer in calculating the amount of income tax to withhold from an employee's paycheck.
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