Chad Langager

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  1. Investing

    What does it mean when financial news reports say that more ...

    This simply means that in a market, more stocks (issues) traded down for the day compared to the number of companies that traded up for the day.When a stock or issue is considered to be bought it must ...
  2. Investing

    Why would a company make drastic cuts to its dividend payments?

    A dividend cut occurs when a dividend paying company either completely stops paying out dividends (a worst-case scenario) or reduces the amount it pays out. This will often lead to a sharp decline in the ...
  3. Investing Basics

    Start Investing With Only $1,000

    Find out what fees and restrictions need to be considered before investing $1,000.
  4. Options & Futures

    Having A Plan: The Basis Of Success

    It ensures that you have a realistic outlook, and a solid strategy. We show you why and how.
  5. Options & Futures

    How do I measure option liquidity?

    An option is a financial instrument that gives the holder the right to purchase shares in a company at a certain set price (strike price) before a set date known as the expiration date. Options, however, ...
  6. Investing

    How does a credit crunch occur?

    A credit crunch occurs when there is a lack of funds available in the credit market, making it difficult for borrowers to obtain financing. This happens when lenders have limited funds available to lend ...
  7. Investing

    What is the difference between a zero-coupon bond and a ...

    The difference between a zero-coupon bond and a regular bond is that a zero-coupon bond does not pay coupons, or interest payments, to the bondholder while a typical bond does make these interest payments. ...
  8. Investing

    Why do all mutual fund tickers have an X at the end?

    It's true that all mutual funds' tickers have an X at the end of their symbol. The reason for this is to distinguish between mutual fund tickers and other securities that also have ticker symbols (such ...
  9. Investing

    I am a non-U.S. citizen living outside the U.S. and trading ...

    The tax implications for a foreign investor will depend on whether that person is classified as a resident alien or a non-resident alien. To be considered a non-resident alien, a person must meet several ...
  10. Investing

    What causes a significant move in the stock market?

    There is a nearly infinite number of factors that can cause the stock market to move significantly in one direction or another. This can include such things as economic data, geopolitical events and market ...
  11. Investing

    What does it mean when the shares in my account have been ...

    An account liquidation occurs when the holdings of an account are sold off by the firm in which the account was created. In the majority of cases, this will deal with problems arising with margin requirements. ...
  12. Investing

    Who are the key players in the bond market?

    The bond market can essentially be broken down into three main groups: issuers, underwriters and purchasers. The issuers sell bonds or other debt instruments in the bond market to fund the operations of ...
  13. Options & Futures

    Can an option have a negative strike price?

    The simple answer is that, at least when it comes to exchange traded options, an option can't have a negative strike price .Remember that an option gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to ...
  14. Active Trading Fundamentals

    How do stock splits affect short sellers?

    The simple answer to this question is that stock splits do not affect short sellers in a material way. There are some changes that occur as a result of a split that do affect the short position, but they ...
  15. Investing

    How do I find the CUSIP number for a particular stock?

    Unfortunately, this can be a little difficult as CUSIP numbers are owned and created by the American Bankers Association and operated by Standard & Poor's. To get access to the whole database of CUSIP ...
  16. Investing

    Who is responsible for protecting and managing shareholders' ...

    The average shareholder, who is typically not involved in the day-to-day operations of the company, relies on several parties to protect and further his or her interests. These parties include the company's ...
  17. Investing

    I live in the U.S. How can I trade stocks in China and India?

    Foreign markets have always been an object of envy to domestic investors because the indexes in some foreign countries have produced double- to triple-digit returns in the past. For example, the SETI 1 ...
  18. Investing

    How does privatization affect a company's shareholders?

    The most recognized transition between the private and public markets is an initial public offering (IPO). Through an IPO, a private company "goes public" by issuing shares, which transfer a portion of ...
  19. Trading Strategies

    How can a futures trader exit a position prior to expiration?

    A futures contract is an agreement to buy or sell a commodity at a pre-determined price and quantity at a future date in time. While this is similar to an option, where the holder has the right to purchase ...
  20. Investing

    What does it mean when a bond has a put option?

    A put option on a bond is a provision that allows the holder of the bond the right to force the issuer to pay back the principal on the bond. A put option gives the bond holder the ability to receive the ...
  21. Options & Futures

    What happens to my call options if the underlying company ...

    Typically, the announcement of a buyout offer by another company is a good thing for shareholders in the company that is being purchased. This is because the offer is generally at a premium to the market ...
  22. Investing

    Why does a crisis in emerging markets cause U.S. Treasury ...

    The reason that you will often see the yields on Treasuries fall when you see a financial crisis in an emerging or foreign market is due to what is known as a flight to quality. A flight to quality occurs ...
  23. Investing

    What is the short/current long-term debt account on a company's ...

    A lot of confusion can arise with this balance sheet account. After all, how can something be both long and short? Despite appearances, however, this concept is not as complex as one might first think. ...
  24. Investing

    Where do investors tend to put their money in a bear market?

    A bearish market is traditionally defined as a period of negative returns in the broader market to the magnitude of between 15-20% or more. During this type of market, most stocks see their share prices ...
  25. Investing

    What is a basis point (BPS)?

    A basis point is a unit of measure used in finance to describe the percentage change in the value or rate of a financial instrument. One basis point is equivalent to 0.01% (1/100th of a percent) or 0. ...
  26. Investing

    Why do low interest rates cause investors to shy away from ...

    The lower rates that are found on bonds, especially government-backed bonds, are often not seen as enough by investors. This is the main driving force behind investors not wanting to invest in bonds. Most ...
  27. Investing

    How does the marginal tax rate system work?

    The marginal tax rate is the rate of tax that income earners incur on each additional dollar of income. As the marginal tax rate increases, the taxpayer ends up with less money per dollar earned than he ...
  28. Active Trading Fundamentals

    How can you lose more money than you invest shorting a stock? ...

    The simple answer to this question is that there is no limit to the amount of money you can lose in a short sale. This means that you can lose more than the original amount you received at the beginning ...
  29. Active Trading Fundamentals

    If I short sell $5,000 worth of stock and the stock becomes ...

    The simple answer is that the maximum return of any short sale investment is in fact 100%. However, the concepts underlying short selling - the borrowing of shares and the liability it forms, how returns ...
  30. Trading Systems & Software

    Who or what are the turtles?

    The "turtles" was a nickname given to a group of traders who were a part of an experiment run by two famous commodity traders. In 1983, Richard Dennis and Bill Eckhardt pondered the idea of whether being ...
  31. Investing

    Is it true that you can sell your home and not pay capital ...

    It is true in most cases. When you sell your home, the capital gains on the sale are exempt from capital gains tax. Based on the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, if you are single, you will pay no capital ...
  32. Active Trading Fundamentals

    When short selling a stock, how long does a short seller ...

    There are no general rules regarding how long a short sale can last before being closed out. A short sale is a transaction in which shares of a company are borrowed by an investor and sold on the market. ...
  33. Investing

    If I pay for a course to learn about trading can I write ...

    There are some investing costs that can be written off each year, even if you aren't a day trader. The general rule in determining whether an investment expense is deductible is that the expense needs ...
  34. Investing

    What is the relationship between oil prices and inflation?

    The price of oil and inflation are often seen as being connected in a cause and effect relationship. As oil prices move up or down, inflation follows in the same direction. The reason why this happens ...
  35. Investing

    What are the risks of investing in a bond?

    The most well-known risk in the bond market is interest rate risk - the risk that bond prices will fall as interest rates rise. By buying a bond, the bondholder has committed to receiving a fixed rate ...
  36. Active Trading Fundamentals

    What happens when the lender of the borrowed shares in a ...

    In a short sale transaction, shares are borrowed from the lender by the short seller and sold in the market. The lender of these shares continues to maintain a long position, hoping the shares will go ...
  37. Retirement

    Should I put money into a retirement account even if it ...

    One of the biggest and most often-touted advantages of putting money into a retirement account is the tax savings that come from income deferral. There is no doubt that this is a major benefit, but it ...
  38. Investing

    How is the value of the S&P 500 calculated?

    The S&P 500 is a U.S. market index that gives investors an idea of the overall movement in the U.S. equity market. The value of the S&P 500 constantly changes based on the movement of 500 underlying ...
  39. Trading Strategies

    What is a virtual trailing stop order (VTSO)?

    A virtual trailing stop order (VTSO), is a stop order that adjusts as the price of a security moves. The stop price is placed at a set distance above or below the market price depending on whether it is ...
  40. Credit & Loans

    How is my credit score calculated?

    The credit score, commonly referred to as a FICO score, is a proprietary tool created by the Fair Isaac Corporation. This is not the only way to get a credit score, but the FICO score is the measure that ...
  41. Investing

    What is the difference between an industry and a sector?

    The terms industry and sector are often used interchangeably to describe a group of companies that operate in the same segment of the economy or share a similar business type. Although the terms are commonly ...
  42. Investing

    How does a person gain from an investment?

    There are two main ways in which a person gains from an investment. The first is by capital gains, the difference between the purchase price and the sale price of an investment. The second is investment ...
  43. Investing

    Does issuing preferred shares offer a tax advantage for ...

    There is no direct tax advantage to the issuing of preferred shares when compared to other forms of financing such as common shares or debt. The reason for this is that preferred shares, which are a form ...
  44. Investing

    When is earnings season?

    Earnings season is the period of time during which a large number of publicly traded companies release their quarterly earning reports. In general, each earnings season begins one or two weeks after the ...
  45. Investing

    Why do commercial bills have higher yields than T-bills?

    The reason that commercial bills have higher yields than T-bills is due to the varying credit quality of each bill type. The credit rating of the entity issuing the bill gives investors an idea of the ...
  46. Trading Strategies

    Where can I find information about pre- and after-hours ...

    The stock market, particularly the NYSE and Nasdaq, is traditionally open between 9:30am and 4pm EST. Over time, with the adoption of new technology and increases in demand for trading, these hours have ...
  47. Trading Strategies

    What is a GTEM order?

    GTEM stands for "good 'til extended market". This is a type of duration order that investors can place with their brokers, which determines how long the order will remain active. A GTEM buy or sell order ...
  48. Options & Futures

    How is a put option exercised?

    A put option is a contract that gives the option holder the right, but not obligation, to sell a set amount of shares (100 shares per contract) at a set price. If the option is exercised, the option writer ...
  49. Investing

    What is an assumable mortgage?

    The purchase of a home is a very expensive undertaking and usually requires some form of financing to make the purchase possible. In most cases, the potential buyer goes to the bank and takes out a mortgage ...
  50. Investing

    What is the difference between iShares, VIPERs and Spiders?

    iShares, VIPERs and spiders each represent different exchange-traded fund (ETF) families. In other words, an individual company offers a range of ETF types under one product line. Because these ETF families ...
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