Albert Phung

Albert Phung is a writer and analyst for Investopedia.com. He graduated from the University of Alberta with degrees in psychology and finance.

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  1. Investing

    What happens to a company's stocks and bonds when it declares ...

    Filing for chapter 11 bankruptcy protection simply means that a company is on the verge of bankruptcy, but believes that it can once again become successful if it is given an opportunity to reorganize ...
  2. Investing

    A cash buyout agreement has been announced for a stock I ...

    The announcement of an acquisition or a merger does not necessarily mean that the deal will be resolved as originally stated. Speculation of the merger's final result will affect the state of the current ...
  3. Forex

    What is an overnight position in the forex market?

    Overnight positions represent all open long and short positions that a forex trader possesses as of 5:00pm EST, which is consider the end of the forex trading day. The new trading day is considered to ...
  4. Investing

    Why would a multinational corporation conduct a vertical ...

    In many cases, multinational corporations conduct horizontal foreign direct investment (FDI) activities in order to expand their operations into another market. For example, an American retailer that builds ...
  5. Investing

    What is the difference between amortization and depreciation?

    Because very few assets last forever, one of the main principles of accrual accounting requires that an asset's cost be proportionally expensed based on the time period over which the asset was used. Both ...
  6. Options & Futures

    Can I leave my pension to my spouse when I pass away?

    In most cases, an individual with a pension plan should have the option to leave at least a portion of his or her pension to a surviving spouse and/or child. Oftentimes, this can be done by purchasing ...
  7. Investing

    What is the "random walk theory" and what does it mean for ...

    The random walk theory is the occurrence of an event determined by a series of random movements - in other words, events that cannot be predicted. For example, one might consider a drunken person's path ...
  8. Credit & Loans

    Are credit cards and debit cards considered debt instruments?

    Consumer debt instruments allow people to borrow money at specific interest rates. In recent years, the credit industry has become very imaginative in the creation and marketing of consumer debt instruments ...
  9. Investing

    What are the three phases of a completed initial public ...

    While some large and successful companies are still privately-owned, many companies aspire toward becoming a publicly-owned company with the intent to gain another source of raising funds for operations. ...
  10. Forex

    If a country's currency is determined by the strength of ...

    Generally speaking, when Country A's currency is worth more than that of Country B, it does not necessarily mean that Country A's economy is stronger than B's. For example, Japan's economy is regarded ...
  11. Investing

    Is there a difference between ADR and ADS?

    American depositary receipts (ADRs) allow foreign equities to be traded on U.S. stock exchanges; in fact, this is how the stock of most foreign companies trades in U.S. stock markets. ADRs are issued by ...
  12. Investing

    How does a stock split affect cash dividends?

    When a company decides to issue a stock split (or stock dividend), a couple of possibilities could occur concerning what would happen to an upcoming cash dividend. The most important factors are the time ...
  13. Investing

    What are the advantages and disadvantages to dealing with ...

    In recent years, large companies have set up internet-only banks as a means of diversifying into the financial sector and providing personal banking services. For a company, the greatest advantage of providing ...
  14. Active Trading Fundamentals

    What does "squeezing the shorts" mean?

    "Squeezing the shorts" refers to a questionable practice in which a trader takes advantage of a stock that has been short sold substantially by buying up large blocks of the stock. This causes the stock's ...
  15. Investing

    Why do companies issue 100-year bonds?

    Although it is rare, companies do issue bonds that exceed an average person's life expectancy. For example, multi-billion dollar companies such as the Walt Disney Company and Coca-Cola have issued 100-year ...
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