Investopedia Staff

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  1. A Look At Primary And Secondary Markets
    Investing Basics

    A Look At Primary And Secondary Markets

    Knowing how the primary and secondary markets work is key to understanding how stocks trade.
  2. Tenbagger
    Term

    Tenbagger

    An investment that appreciates to 10 times its initial purchase price. The term “tenbagger” was coined by legendary fund manager Peter Lynch in his book “One Up On Wall Street".
  3. How Leverage Is Used In Forex Trading
    Forex Education

    How Leverage Is Used In Forex Trading

    Forex trading by retail investors has grown by leaps and bounds in recent years, thanks to the proliferation of online trading platforms and the availability of cheap credit. The use of leverage in trading ...
  4. Imbalance Only Orders (IO)
    Term

    Imbalance Only Orders (IO)

    Limit orders that provide liquidity during the opening cross and closing cross on the Nasdaq. Imbalance Only (IO) orders will execute only on the opening cross or closing cross.
  5. How To Calculate The Bid-Ask Spread
    Investing Basics

    How To Calculate The Bid-Ask Spread

    It's very important for every investor to learn how to calculate the bid-ask spread and factor this figure when making investment decisions.
  6. Investing During Uncertainty
    Investing Basics

    Investing During Uncertainty

    The inability to forecast future events can turn the markets upside down. Find out how to stay right-side up.
  7. The Wonders Of Convertible Bonds
    Bonds & Fixed Income

    The Wonders Of Convertible Bonds

    Ever wondered what exactly a convertible bond does? Read the features of a convertible bond and learn how important the conversion factor is to you as an investor.
  8. How And Why Do Companies Pay Dividends?
    Investing Basics

    How And Why Do Companies Pay Dividends?

    If a company decides to pay dividends, it will choose one of three approaches: residual, stability or hybrid policies. Which a company chooses can determine how profitable its dividend payments will be ...
  9. The Claritas Investment Certificate: A New Foundation-Level ...
    Professionals

    The Claritas Investment Certificate: A New Foundation-Level ...

    The Claritas Investment Certificate is likely to find growing acceptance as the new foundation-level education and ethics standard for the financial service sector internationally.
  10. The Effects Of Currency Fluctuations On The Economy
    Forex Fundamentals

    The Effects Of Currency Fluctuations On The Economy

    Currency fluctuations are a natural outcome of the floating exchange rate system that is the norm for most major economies. The exchange rate of one currency versus the other is influenced by numerous ...
  11. Old Stock Certificates: Lost Treasure Or Wallpaper?
    Investing Basics

    Old Stock Certificates: Lost Treasure Or Wallpaper?

    What if you've discovered some old shares in bearer form? Follow our tips and find out what they're worth.
  12. NY Empire State Index
    Term

    NY Empire State Index

    A seasonally adjusted index that tracks the results of the Empire State Manufacturing Survey. The survey is distributed to roughly 175 manufacturing executives and asks questions intended to gauge both ...
  13. Collateralized Debt Obligation - CDO
    Term

    Collateralized Debt Obligation - CDO

    An investment-grade security backed by a pool of bonds, loans and other assets. CDOs do not specialize in one type of debt but are often non-mortgage loans or bonds.
  14. Federal Reserve Bank
    Term

    Federal Reserve Bank

    The central bank of the United States and the most powerful financial institution in the world. The Federal Reserve Bank was founded by the U.S. Congress in 1913 to provide the nation with a safe, flexible ...
  15. How Bitcoin Works
    Economics

    How Bitcoin Works

    Bitcoin is a digital currency that exists almost wholly in the virtual realm, unlike physical currencies like dollars and euros. A growing number of proponents support its use as an alternative currency ...
  16. Obamanomics
    Term

    Obamanomics

    A buzzword used to describe the economic philosophies of United States President Barack Obama.
  17. NAHB/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index
    Term

    NAHB/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index

    An index based on a monthly survey of members belonging to the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) that is designed to measure sentiment for the U.S. single-family housing market.
  18. Circus Swap
    Term

    Circus Swap

    A combination of an interest rate swap and a currency swap in which a fixed-rate loan in one currency is swapped for a floating-rate loan in another currency. The term is derived from the acronym CIRCUS, ...
  19. Hawthorne Effect
    Term

    Hawthorne Effect

    The inclination of people who are the subjects of an experimental study to change or improve the behavior being evaluated only because it is being studied, and not because of changes in the experiment ...
  20. Readvanceable Mortgage
    Term

    Readvanceable Mortgage

    A mortgage feature that allows the borrower to re-borrow the principal amount of the original mortgage that has been paid down. A readvanceable mortgage consists of a mortgage and a Line of Credit (LoC) ...
  21. Nest Egg
    Term

    Nest Egg

    A substantial sum of money that has been saved or invested for a specific purpose. A nest egg is generally earmarked for longer-term objectives, the most common being retirement, buying a home and education. ...
  22. Relativity Trap
    Term

    Relativity Trap

    A psychological or behavioral trap that leads people to make irrational choices when making spending decisions.
  23. Installment Debt
    Term

    Installment Debt

    A loan that is repaid by the borrower in regular installments. Installment debt is generally repaid in equal monthly payments that include interest and a portion of principal.
  24. Warrants And Call Options
    Investing Basics

    Warrants And Call Options

    Warrants and call options are securities that are quite similar in many respects, but they also have some notable differences. Both give the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy a common share ...
  25. Retail Banking Vs. Corporate Banking
    General

    Retail Banking Vs. Corporate Banking

    Retail banking refers to the division of a bank that deals directly with retail customers. Also known as consumer banking or personal banking, retail banking is the visible face of banking to the general ...
  26. Superiority Trap
    Term

    Superiority Trap

    A psychological or behavioral trap that leads people to believe that they have superior skill in some areas.
  27. Structural Unemployment
    Term

    Structural Unemployment

    A longer-lasting form of unemployment caused by fundamental shifts in an economy.
  28. Bid Support
    Term

    Bid Support

    A manipulative practice employed to prop up a company’s stock price on the open market.
  29. Conflict Theory
    Term

    Conflict Theory

    A theory propounded by Karl Marx that claims society is in a state of perpetual conflict due to competition for limited resources. Conflict theory holds that social order is maintained by domination and ...
  30. Competitive Intelligence
    Term

    Competitive Intelligence

    The process of collecting and analyzing information about competitors’ strengths and weaknesses in a legal and ethical manner to enhance business decision-making.
  31. Silent Partner
    Term

    Silent Partner

    An individual whose involvement in a partnership is limited to providing capital to the business.
  32. Economic Espionage
    Term

    Economic Espionage

    The unlawful targeting and theft of a nation’s critical economic intelligence. Economic espionage may include the clandestine acquisition or outright theft of invaluable proprietary information in a number ...
  33. Sin Stock
    Term

    Sin Stock

    A stock of a company that is either involved in or associated with an activity that is considered to be unethical or immoral.
  34. Story Stock
    Term

    Story Stock

    A stock that is trading markedly higher on optimistic expectations about its potential profits down the road.
  35. Street Expectation
    Term

    Street Expectation

    The average estimate of a public company’s quarterly earnings and revenues, derived from forecasts of securities analysts who provide research coverage on the company.
  36. Backflip Takeover
    Term

    Backflip Takeover

    An uncommon type of takeover in which the acquirer becomes a subsidiary of the acquired or targeted company, with business after the takeover conducted in the name of the acquired company. A backflip takeover ...
  37. Non-Deliverable Swap - NDS
    Term

    Non-Deliverable Swap - NDS

    A currency swap between major and minor currencies that is restricted or not convertible. A non-deliverable swap (NDS) is so-called because there is no delivery of the two currencies involved in the swap, ...
  38. Stockalypse
    Term

    Stockalypse

    An abrupt and steep decline in the price of a stock or equity index.
  39. How Exchange Risk Affects Foreign Bonds
    Bonds & Fixed Income

    How Exchange Risk Affects Foreign Bonds

    Investors include foreign bonds in their portfolios to take advantage of higher interest rates or yields, and to diversify their holdings. However, the higher return expected from investing in foreign ...
  40. Consumer Confidence: A Killer Statistic
    Retirement

    Consumer Confidence: A Killer Statistic

    The consumer confidence is key to any market economy, so investors need to learn the measures and how to analyze them.
  41. No Finance Degree? No Problem! Top 10 Ways To Jumpstart ...
    Professionals

    No Finance Degree? No Problem! Top 10 Ways To Jumpstart ...

    These tips should enable a non-financial graduate to substantially improve his or her chances of launching a career in finance.
  42. Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC)
    Investing

    Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC)

    Weighted average cost of capital may be hard to calculate, but it's a solid way to measure investment quality
  43. How Now, Dow? What Moves The DJIA?
    Bonds & Fixed Income

    How Now, Dow? What Moves The DJIA?

    Find out how this index tracks market movements and where it falls short.
  44. Financial Advisor Client Guide
    Professionals

    Financial Advisor Client Guide

    This document is designed to help educate your clients on the products and services you provide.
  45. How Monetary Policy Affects Your Investments
    Economics

    How Monetary Policy Affects Your Investments

    Monetary policy changes can have a significant impact on every asset class. investors can position their portfolios to benefit from policy changes and boost returns by being aware of the nuances of monetary ...
  46. Risk Asset
    Term

    Risk Asset

    Any asset that carries a degree of risk. Risk asset generally refers to assets that have a significant degree of price volatility, such as equities, commodities, high-yield bonds, real estate, and currencies. ...
  47. Wire House
    Term

    Wire House

    An archaic term used to describe a broker-dealer. Modern-day wire houses can range from small regional brokerages to giant institutions with offices around the world.
  48. Encore Career
    Term

    Encore Career

    A second vocation in the second half of one's life which seeks to combine a sense of purpose with public-service passion and a paycheck for people in their 50s and 60s.
  49. Mergers And Acquisitions: Understanding Takeovers
    Fundamental Analysis

    Mergers And Acquisitions: Understanding Takeovers

    In the dramatic world of M&As, battleground terms meld with bizarre metaphors to form the language of the game.
  50. Economic Rent
    Term

    Economic Rent

    An excess payment made to or for a factor of production over and above the amount expected by its owner.
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