Investopedia Staff

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  1. How do I take qualitative factors into consideration when ...
    Investing

    How do I take qualitative factors into consideration when ...

    Fundamental analysis is the method of analyzing companies based on factors that affect their intrinsic value. There are two sides to this method: the quantitative and the qualitative. The quantitative ...
  2. Who determines interest rates?
    Investing

    Who determines interest rates?

    In countries using a centralized banking model, interest rates are determined by the central bank. In the first step of interest rate determination, the government's economic observers create a policy ...
  3. The Federal Reserve
    Economics

    The Federal Reserve

    Few organizations can move the market like the Federal Reserve. As an investor, it's important to understand exactly what the Fed does and how it influences the economy.
  4. What's the difference between book and market value?
    Investing

    What's the difference between book and market value?

    Book value is the price paid for a particular asset. This price never changes so long as you own the asset. On the other hand, market value is the current price at which you can sell an asset. For example, ...
  5. How does FINRA differ from the SEC?
    Investing

    How does FINRA differ from the SEC?

    With all the financial organizations out there, knowing what they all do can be as complicated as knowing where to invest. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Financial Industry Regulatory ...
  6. Will Corporate Debt Drag Your Stock Down?
    Investing Basics

    Will Corporate Debt Drag Your Stock Down?

    Borrowed funds can mean a leg up for companies or the boot for investors. Find out how to tell the difference.
  7. How Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac Were Saved
    Economics

    How Fannie Mae And Freddie Mac Were Saved

    These mortgage giants had to be put under government conservatorship, driving home the gravity of the subprime crisis.
  8. Zooming In On Net Operating Income
    Investing

    Zooming In On Net Operating Income

    NOI is a long-run profitability measure that smart investors can count on.
  9. EBITDA
    Investing

    EBITDA

    Otherwise known as Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization. Learn more about this indicator of a company's financial performance.
  10. What is a company's worth, and who determines its stock ...
    Investing

    What is a company's worth, and who determines its stock ...

    A company's worth - its total value - is its market capitalization, and it is represented by the company's stock price. Market cap (as it is commonly referred to) is equal to the stock price multiplied ...
  11. What is the difference between preferred stock and common ...
    Investing

    What is the difference between preferred stock and common ...

    Preferred and common stocks are different in two key aspects. First, preferred stockholders have a greater claim to a company's assets and earnings. This is true during the good times when the company ...
  12. Ratio Analysis Tutorial
    Fundamental Analysis

    Ratio Analysis Tutorial

    If you don't know how to evaluate a company's present performance and its possible future performance, you need to learn how to analyze ratios.
  13. American Depositary Receipt Basics
    Economics

    American Depositary Receipt Basics

    Thanks to American depositary receipts, investors now have a world of investing opportunities to choose from.
  14. What is the difference between the Dow and the Nasdaq?
    Investing

    What is the difference between the Dow and the Nasdaq?

    Because of the way people throw around the words "Dow" and "Nasdaq," both terms have become synonymous with "the market," giving people a hazy idea of what each term actually means. In this question, "the ...
  15. Why do stock prices change following news reports?
    Investing

    Why do stock prices change following news reports?

    Stock prices move up and down every minute due to fluctuations in supply and demand. If more people want to buy a particular stock, its market price will increase. Conversely, if more people want to sell ...
  16. Debunking 10 Budget Myths
    Budgeting

    Debunking 10 Budget Myths

    Putting 10 budget myths in their place
  17. 7 Tips For The Do-It-Yourself Debt Manager
    Credit & Loans

    7 Tips For The Do-It-Yourself Debt Manager

    Take charge of your finances in seven simple steps.
  18. The Basic Language Of Candlestick Charting
    Charts & Patterns

    The Basic Language Of Candlestick Charting

    If you want to use candlestick charting to get a sense of where a stock is headed, you need to learn how to read this unique charting language.
  19. Evaluating The Board Of Directors
    Insurance

    Evaluating The Board Of Directors

    Corporate structure can tell you a lot about a company's potential. Learn more here.
  20. What Investors Can Learn From Insider Trading
    Markets

    What Investors Can Learn From Insider Trading

    Some insider trading is actually legal - and can be extremely telling for investors.
  21. Introduction To The CAIA Designation
    Professionals

    Introduction To The CAIA Designation

    Are you preparing for a CAIA designation? Don't worry, we'll give you a bit of insight.
  22. Online Investment Scams Tutorial
    Economics

    Online Investment Scams Tutorial

    To bamboozle someone out of their money is an age-old ruse. Learn about some of the gimmicks modern-day swindlers use and avoid becoming a statistic.
  23. What are the sources of funding available for companies?
    Investing

    What are the sources of funding available for companies?

    Despite all the differences among companies, there are only a few sources of funds available to all firms. 1. They make profit by selling a product for more than it costs to produce. This is the most basic ...
  24. The interest rate used to define the “risk-free” rate of ...
    Investing

    The interest rate used to define the “risk-free” rate of ...

    a. discount rate.b. 90-day Treasury bill rate.c. five-year Treasury note rate.d. federal funds rate. Answers: bThe 90-day Treasury bill rate is used because there is no credit risk, and the maturity is ...
  25. Ex-Dividend Date
    Investing

    Ex-Dividend Date

    Not too sure what an ex-dividend date is? Find out here and learn how and when you can take advantage of a stock's dividend.
  26. PEG Ratio
    Investing

    PEG Ratio

    Learn more about how this ratio is used to determine a stock's value based on its earnings growth.
  27. Reading The Balance Sheet
    Investing Basics

    Reading The Balance Sheet

    Learn about the components of the statement of financial position and how they relate to each other.
  28. Measure Momentum Change With ROC
    Active Trading

    Measure Momentum Change With ROC

    Learn how to build a price rate of change indicator and incorporate it in your strategy.
  29. Confirming Price Movements With Volume Oscillators
    Active Trading Fundamentals

    Confirming Price Movements With Volume Oscillators

    Use this indicator to validate a change in price direction and moving averages.
  30. What is the downtick-uptick rule on the NYSE?
    Investing

    What is the downtick-uptick rule on the NYSE?

    To ensure orderly markets, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) has a set of restrictions that it can implement when experiencing significant daily moves, either up or down. Many of these restrictions are ...
  31. What is the difference between stated annual return and ...
    Investing

    What is the difference between stated annual return and ...

    Essentially, the effective annual return accounts for intra-year compounding, and the stated annual return does not. The difference between these two measures is best illustrated with an example. Suppose ...
  32. Stock Basics Tutorial
    Investing Basics

    Stock Basics Tutorial

    If you're new to the stock market and want the basics, this is the tutorial for you!
  33. Which is better a cash dividend or a stock dividend?
    Investing

    Which is better a cash dividend or a stock dividend?

    The purpose of dividends is to return wealth back to the shareholders of a company. There are two main types of dividends: cash and stock.A cash dividend is a payment made by a company out of its earnings ...
  34. How do I find historical prices for stocks?
    Investing

    How do I find historical prices for stocks?

    Whether for research purposes, bookkeeping or even general interest in historical performance, this is a question that many of our readers ask. On the internet, there are many different stock quote service ...
  35. Municipal Bond Tips For The Series 7 Exam
    Insurance

    Municipal Bond Tips For The Series 7 Exam

    Learn to distinguish between general obligation and revenue bonds to ace this test.
  36. How An Insurance Company Determines Your Premiums
    Home & Auto

    How An Insurance Company Determines Your Premiums

    Find out how insurers use credit history to build an insurance score and how it could affect your bottom line.
  37. Keynesian Economics
    Economics

    Keynesian Economics

    Learn more about this economic theory that incorporates government intervention in the marketplace.
  38. Market Cap
    Investing

    Market Cap

    Learn more about how market cap represents the "price tag" of a company.
  39. The Power Of Dividend Growth
    Investing Basics

    The Power Of Dividend Growth

    Dividends may not seem exciting, but they can certainly be lucrative. Learn more here!
  40. Understanding The Sharpe Ratio
    Bonds & Fixed Income

    Understanding The Sharpe Ratio

    This simple ratio will tell you how much that extra return is really worth.
  41. 6 Proven Tips For Series 6 Success
    Retirement

    6 Proven Tips For Series 6 Success

    These techniques can help you pass this test without the added stress.
  42. Simple Moving Averages And Volume Rate-of-Change
    Technical Indicators

    Simple Moving Averages And Volume Rate-of-Change

    We teach you how to confirm buy and sell signals by comparing two very simple indicators.
  43. Building An Emergency Fund
    Retirement

    Building An Emergency Fund

    Do you have enough savings to cover the costs of unforeseen crises? We show you how to plan ahead.
  44. Projected Returns: Honing The Craft
    Retirement

    Projected Returns: Honing The Craft

    Find out how to forecast long-term returns on the three major asset classes.
  45. 6 Questions To Ask Before Refinancing Your Mortgage
    Credit & Loans

    6 Questions To Ask Before Refinancing Your Mortgage

    Refinancing can improve your short-term cash flow while also increasing your long-term net worth.
  46. Understanding The Ticker Tape
    Investing Basics

    Understanding The Ticker Tape

    We explain the meaning and use of that reel of symbols whizzing across your TV or computer screen.
  47. Dissecting Declarations, Ex-Dividends And Record Dates
    Investing Basics

    Dissecting Declarations, Ex-Dividends And Record Dates

    Understanding the dates of the dividend payout process can be tricky. We clear up the confusion.
  48. The Perks Of Dividend Reinvestment Plans
    Fundamental Analysis

    The Perks Of Dividend Reinvestment Plans

    These plans offer shareholders a way to directly invest in some of the top companies without the commissions.
  49. Analyst Recommendations: Do Sell Ratings Exist?
    Investing Basics

    Analyst Recommendations: Do Sell Ratings Exist?

    Analyst reports can be an investor's best friend - but without knowing how to read them, you won't be able to fully utilize them.
  50. 6 Extremely Overpriced Products
    Personal Finance

    6 Extremely Overpriced Products

    Consumers just can't live without these costly items.
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