If interest is capitalized, it is included in the cost of carry. Capitalizing interest is common in construction projects. The interest cost is included as an asset versus being expensed on the income statement for the period it occurred.
A company built a building for $1m. It borrowed $500,000 at 5% to build the building. In this case the interest capitalized will amount to $25,000.
Another company built a building for $1m. It borrowed $500,000 at 5% to build the building; it also had an outstanding debenture of $3m at 10% and a $1M mortgage at 15%. In this case, the interest capitalized will amount to:
500,000 * 5% = 25,000
500,000 * 10% = 50,000
Interest to be expensed = total interest paid - capitalized interest
The total capitalized interest is $75,000 because we assume the $500,000 balance was financed through the debenture. The reason we do not consider the mortgage is that it is already assigned to another identifiable asset.
Some argue that the capitalization costs of self-financed assets should not be included.
The decision to capitalize interest will have an effect on a company's:
- Net income - In the current period earnings will be higher (overstated).
- CFO - In the current period, CFO will be higher (overstated) because the interest expense will be included in CFI.
- CFI - In the current period, CFI will be lower (understated).
- Assets - Total assets will be overstated because they include the capitalized interest.
- Solvency ratios - Since assets, EBIT and stockholders' equity will be higher, all solvency ratios will be overstated.
Capitalizing Intangible Assets
InvestingCapitalized interest is associated with debt used to make or construct a depreciable asset.
Small BusinessCost of capital is the cost of funds used to finance a business.
Personal FinanceInterest expense is the cost of borrowing money.
Small BusinessCapital has a variety of meanings, but it generally refers to financial resources.
InvestingA capitalized cost is an expense associated with a fixed asset that is added to the basis of that asset and expensed over its depreciable life.
InvestingA capital asset is one that a company plans on owning for more than one year, and uses in the production of revenue.
InvestingGenerally, capital employed refers to all of the assets used in a business that contribute to the company’s ability to earn revenue.
InsightsWhile regulatory and economic capital use some of the same measurements of risk to determine how much capital a firm should hold in reserve, economic capital uses more realistic measures.
Small BusinessCapitalization has different meanings depending on the context.
Small BusinessCapital investment is a term that describes a company’s expenditures for long-term assets used in the operation of its business.