The after-tax yield is the yield on a taxable bond after federal income taxes are paid. It is computed with the following formula.
|After-tax yield = pre-tax yield x (1- marginal rate)|
The marginal rate will vary depending on the tax bracket the investor is at that given time.
Example: Taxable Bond Yield
Taxable bond yield is 7.5%
The Marginal tax rate for this investor is 31%
After-tax yield = .075 x (1-.31)
The tax-equivalent yield is the yield that must be offered on a taxable bond issue to give the same after-tax yield as a tax-exempt issue. It is computed with the following formula.
|Taxable-equivalent yield = tax-exempt yield / (1- marginal tax rate)|
Example: Tax-Exempt Yield
Tax exempt yield = 5.00%
Marginal Tax Rate = 31%
Taxable-equivalent yield = .05 / (1-.31)
= .05 / .69
= 7.2464 %
This means that a taxable issue must yield more than 7.25 % for the investor at the 31% tax bracket in order to beat the 5% yield offer in the tax-exempt bond.
Notice that the higher the marginal tax rate, the higher the taxable equivalent yield would be needed in the taxable bond market.
London Interbank Offer Rate (LIBOR)
MarketsTax-equivalent yield is the pretax yield a taxable bond must possess for its yield to equal that of a tax-free municipal bond.
TradingUsing yields to supplement earnings can mean big bucks, with the right strategy.
RetirementInterest may not be tax-exempt for seniors with Medicare or Social Security benefits.
MarketsAny investor, private or institutional, should be aware of the diverse types and calculations of bond yields before an actual investment.
RetirementLearn about three tax strategies that reduce taxable income and minimize the share of taxes paid on employer-sponsored and individual investment accounts.
MarketsA bond's current yield, also called "bond yield," is the interest it pays annually divided by the bond's price. A stock's current yield, also called "dividend yield," is the sum of its annual ...
MarketsInvestopedia Explains: Bond yield, Bond price, yield to maturity, the link between price and yield and bond price in the market.
MarketsYield to worst is the lowest possible yield on a bond that may be called in the future.
ETFs & Mutual FundsWhen it comes to fixed income investing, yield is an important component of a bond investment’s total return to accurately assess if it's the right move.
MarketsThe bond equivalent yield calculates the semi-annual, quarterly or monthly yield on a discount bond or note.