Direct and Indirect Methods of Foreign Exchange Quotations
With the direct method of foreign exchange quotation, the exchange rate is expressed as the number of units of the domestic currency needed to acquire one (1.0) unit of the pertinent foreign currency. Within the
With the indirect method of foreign exchange quotation, the exchange rate is expressed as the number of units of the pertinent foreign currency needed to acquire one (1.0) unit of the domestic currency. In the
Memorize these definitions! Note that the two methods are reciprocals of one another.
Example: Currency Conversion
Suppose you are given the direct quote, in
¬1.00 = $1.2830
The indirect quote between the U.S. dollar and the euro would then be calculated as the reciprocal (1 / 1.2830), and we get the following indirect quote for the U.S. dollar:
$0.7794 = ¬1.00
Suppose you have the following indirect foreign exchange quote for the Japanese yen and U.S. dollar, from a Japanese perspective:
¥109.38 = $1.00
The direct exchange quote for the Japanese yen to U.S. dollar, from a Japanese perspective, will be the reciprocal of (1 / 109.38), and we then get:
$0.009142 = ¥1.00
TradingAn indirect quote expresses the amount of foreign currency required to buy or sell one unit of the domestic currency in the foreign exchange markets.
InvestingForeign exchange risk is the chance that an investment’s value will decrease due to changes in currency exchange rates.
TradingA direct quote uses variable amounts of the home country’s currency to compare to a fixed amount of a foreign currency.
TradingUnderstanding how exchange rates are calculated and shopping around for the best rates may mitigate the effect of wide spreads in the retail forex market.
TradingExchange rates have a tremendous influence on the economy. Exchange rates can indirectly affect many of the most important aspects of our lives.
TradingAn in depth look at out how a currency's relative value reflects a country's economic health and impacts your investment returns.
Personal FinanceExchanging currency is a necessary part of traveling, but not all currency exchanges are created equal.
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TradingThe foreign exchange market is a market where participants buy, sell, and exchange trillions of dollars worth of currencies daily. Learn the basics of the FX market.
InvestingA government using a fixed exchange rate has linked the value of its currency to the value of another country’s currency, or the price of gold.