Purchasing Power Parity
Purchasing power parity expresses the idea that a bundle of goods in one country should cost the same in another country after exchange rates are taken into account. Suppose that with existing relative prices and exchange rates, a basket of goods can be purchased for fewer U.S. dollars in
Interest Rate Parity
Interest rate parity has to do with the idea that money should (after adjusting for risk) earn an equal rate of return. Suppose that an investor can earn 6% interest with a dollar deposit in a United States bank, or can earn 4% interest with a British pound deposit in a London bank. The investor can earn greater interest income by keeping funds in dollars and, therefore, one might expect all of his investment funds to flow to
Why Central Banks Intervene in the Market
Suppose the United States Federal Reserve is interested in the dollar to euro exchange rate. It can directly influence that exchange rate by buying or selling euros with U.S. dollars. If the Fed buys euros with dollars, it will increase the supply of dollars and decrease the supply of euros. This action tends to cause the U.S. dollar to depreciate in relation to the euro.
A central bank will intervene in the foreign exchange market because it wishes to reduce volatility, and/or it has a specific target exchange rate. Suppose the Fed wants the euro and dollar to trade 1:1, with an allowable range of 2% in either direction. If the exchange rate rose to above 1.02 euros per dollar, the Fed would sell dollars; if the exchange rate fell below .98 euros per dollar, it would buy dollars.
TradingLearn the basics of forward exchange rates and hedging strategies to understand interest rate parity.
TradingWith the euro hitting record lows against the dollar, market expectations are for euro-dollar parity in Q1, before the single currency finds support.
InvestingRisk parity is an investment strategy that focuses on the allocation of risk across a portfolio.
InsightsPurchasing Power Parity (PPP) compares different countries' currencies through a market "basket of goods" approach. Two currencies are in PPP when a market basket of goods (taking into account ...
InsightsPurchasing Power Parity (PPP) is an economic theory that compares different countries' currencies through a market "basket of goods" approach.
InvestingAn exchange rate is how much it costs to exchange one currency for another.
TradingA variety of factors contribute to currency depreciation, including monetary policy, inflation, demand for currency, economic growth and export prices.
TradingLearn how to allocate your investments when the U.S. dollar is down.