If the tax rate changes, then under the asset-liability (or balance sheet) method, all deferred tax assets and liabilities must be revaluated using the new tax rate that is expected to be in place at the time of the reversal.
An increase in the expected tax rate at time of reversal will create a larger tax burden than expected for the company once the transaction is reversed. That said, the current tax expense also increases. This will have a negative impact on current net income and decrease stockholders' equity. A decrease in the tax rate will have the opposite effect.
Example: Company ABC has an EBITDA of $50,000 in the first five years of operations. To generate this income it purchases a machine for $40,000, with no salvage value at the beginning of year 5. The equipment has a five-year life. For tax purposes the company uses the double-declining depreciation method and uses a straight-line depreciation for financial-reporting purposes. At the time of purchase, the estimated tax rate at time of reversal was 40%.
In year 2 the tax rate at time of reversal is estimated at 20%.
Taxes payable = new tax rate x taxable income
= 20% x $41,411= $8,222
Deferred taxes = new tax rate x (DDM-SL)
= 20% x ($8,889-$13,333)
Benefit from tax rate in year 1 = [$42,500 x (40%-20%)] - [$30,000 x (40%-20%)]
Tax expense = tax payable in year 2 - decrease in deferred taxes in year 2 - benefits from tax rate on year 1 taxes
= $8,889 + $899-$2,667= $4,667
Long-Term Liability Basics
TaxesNet of tax is a figure that has been adjusted for taxes.
TaxesWhen you add direct and indirect taxes together, your real tax rate is much more than you expected.
TaxesLearn the logic behind the belief that reducing government income benefits everyone.
Managing WealthThe effective tax rate is the average rate at which an individual or corporation is taxed per year.
TaxesThe solution to America's economic woes may not be in lowering taxes further, but may, in fact, lie in increasing them.
TaxesLearn about the differences between a use tax and an Internet sales tax. Find out about transactions in which the taxes apply, and to whom they apply.
TaxesLearn about the difference between tax havens and tax shelters, and how both are used to reduce tax liability or avoid paying taxes altogether.
TaxesThere’s not much that unites Americans like their hatred of taxes. Here's a list of taxes we dislike the most.
TaxesLearn about the basic differences between three common tax systems.
InvestingRead about how big oil corporations pay taxes, and learn about tax exemptions and the option to defer. Discover the argument about big oil being given tax exemptions