A company that issued debt prior to an increase (or decrease) in market rates experiences an economic gain (or loss) when the rates change. This economic gain or loss is not reflected in a company's financial statement. Market-value changes will not appear on the income statement or balance sheet. As a result, the book value of a company's debt will not be equal to its market value. From a company valuation point of view, the book value of equity (total assets - liability) will not reflect the current economic reality. Furthermore, if an analyst compared two companies - one that issues $1m in debt at 10% and another that issues the same debt amount at 8% three months later - the debt-to-equity ratio of both companies will be the same. However, the company that issued the debt at a lower rate will be in a much better financial position. Times interest earned and other ratios will enable an analyst to uncover these differences.



Capital And Operating Leases

Related Articles
  1. Investing

    Understanding Leverage Ratios

    Large amounts of debt can cause businesses to become less competitive and, in some cases, lead to default. To lower their risk, investors use a variety of leverage ratios - including the debt, ...
  2. Investing

    Evaluating a Company's Capital Structure

    Learn to use the composition of debt and equity to evaluate balance sheet strength.
  3. Investing

    Will Corporate Debt Drag Your Stock Down?

    Borrowed funds can mean a leg up for companies or the boot for investors. Find out how to tell the difference.
  4. Small Business

    Total Debt to Total Assets

    Total Debt to total assets, also called the debt ratio, is an accounting measurement that shows how much of a company’s assets are funded by borrowing. In business, borrowing is also called leverage.
  5. Investing

    Understanding Long-Term Debt

    Long-term debt is any debt or liability that is due in more than one year.
  6. Insights

    The National Debt Explained

    We know it's growing, but we don't know exactly how. An in-depth look why the U.S. Government's debt continues to balloon and what it all means for you.
  7. Investing

    Debt Ratios

    Learn about the debt ratio, debt-equity ratio, capitalization ratio, interest coverage ratio and the cash flow to debt ratio.
Frequently Asked Questions
  1. Can I fund a Traditional IRA, a 403(b) or a Roth IRA using pension money?

    Can pension money be used to fund other retirement accounts?
  2. What are unregistered securities or stocks?

    Before securities, like stocks, bonds and notes, can be offered for sale to the public, they first must be registered with ...
  3. How does a company move from an OTC market to a major exchange?

    The over-the-counter market is not an actual exchange like the NYSE or Nasdaq. Instead, it is a network of companies that ...
  4. Can I roll a traditional IRA into a 529 college account for my grandchild?

    The short answer: Not without paying taxes. But as with much of the tax code, there are various nuisances and exemptions ...
Trading Center