Basis of Property Received by Gift and in Nontaxable Transactions
A gift is property received by someone where nothing is given up in return. In most cases, the basis of the gifted property to the recipient is the same as the adjusted basis of the donor. However, the basis could be affected by the following factors:
- Fair market value (FMV) of the property
- Date of the gift
- Donor's basis in the property
- Amount (if any) of gift tax paid
If the FMV of the gift equaled or exceeded the donor's adjusted basis at the time of the gift, the basis of the gift to the recipient is the donor's adjusted basis plus a part of the gift tax paid (if any).
Suppose Dad gifts 100 shares of XYZ stock with a $5,000 FMV (on the date of the gift) to his son. Dad paid $4,000 for the shares (his adjusted basis). No gift tax was required or paid. Son's basis for the gifted stock would be $4,000. If Son sells the stock for $5,000, he will have a $1,000 capital gain.
*Important Exception* -- When FMV at the date of the gift is LESS THAN the donor's Basis:
"Double Basis Rule"
For property sold with gains - use adjusted basis of donor
For property sold with losses - use the FMV of the property
John received a gift of land with a FMV of $10,000 (at the time of the gift) from his Uncle Mike. Uncle Mike's adjusted basis in the land is $13,000.
- If John sells the land between $10,000 and $13,000, he would have no gain or loss.
- If John sells the land for $15,000 (gain), he would have a $2,000 gain (use $13,000 basis).
- If John sells the land for $7,000 (loss), he would have a $3,000 loss (use $10,000 FMV).
Adding in the Gift Tax to Determine the New Basis:
If the FMV of the gift exceeds the adjusted basis and a gift tax is paid by the owner, the recipient can add a portion of the gift tax paid to their new basis.
Formula: New Basis = Original Basis + [(Appreciation / FMV) x Gift Tax]
Tim gave Becky stock with a FMV of $100,000. Tim originally paid $40,000 for the stock and paid $20,000 in gift tax when gifting the stock to Becky. What is Becky's new basis in the stock?
Original Basis = $40,000
Appreciation = $60,000
FMV = $100,000
Gift Tax = $20,000
$40,000 + [($60,000 / $100,000) x $20,000) = New Basis
$52,000 = New Basis for Becky
Basis of Inherited Property (Community and Non-Community Property)
TaxesIf you're not sure what gift taxes are, read on and we'll explain.
InsightsHere's a look at how much you should spend and what you should give this holiday season.
RetirementThis"best gifts list" of the most thoughtful retirement gifts for men includes items appropriate as gifts from co-workers, friends or family members.
InsightsHere are the gift cards that offer the best deals and those that aren't worth your money.
TaxesThe lifetime maximum for gift taxes is $5.12 million. However, it could drop to $1 million. Here's what that will mean.
Personal FinanceTalking Christmas gift budgets with family members can be hard, but having the talk will help you stay on track financially.
Personal FinanceChristmas shopping can be expensive, but there are ways to get gifts free or nearly free.
TaxesAll income in the United States is taxable, unless a provision specifically excludes it. Here are seven of those exceptions.
TaxesGiving to charity and family members before year-end can help you save on 2016 taxes.
TaxesTaxes are often a deterrent from investing and saving. These financial practices will bring you no tax grief.