Depreciation And Cost-Recovery Concepts - Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System

Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System
The modified accelerated cost recovery system (MACRS) is a depreciation method that applies to assets placed in service after 1986. This depreciation system allows the cost basis of certain tangible property to be recovered over the specified life of the asset by a depreciation deduction each year until exhausted.

Why should the property owner take the depreciation?
The property owner does not have to take the depreciation allowed. However, the cost basis is still reduced by the allowable depreciation even if the owner doesn't take the depreciation deduction.

**MUST KNOW**- Property Classes

  • Three-Year Property Racehorses, special tools, breeding hogs (Asset life: Four years or less)
  • Five-Year Property Computers light duty trucks, autos (Asset life: Four years +, but less than 10 years)
  • Seven-Year Property Office furniture, fixtures (Asset life: 10 years +, less than 16)
  • 10-Year Property Vessels, barges, tugs, water transportation equipment (Asset life: 16 years +, less than 20)
  • 15-Year Property Fences, bridges, sidewalks, roads, shrubbery (Asset life: 20 years+, less than 25)
  • 20-Year Property Farm buildings, municipal sewers (Asset life: 25 years+)

Straight-Line Recovery

  • 27.5-Year Property Residential real property
  • 39-Year Property Non-residential real property

Percentages are based on:

  • 200% declining balance for 10-year and less property
  • 150% declining balance for 15 and 20-year property

"Half-Year Convention"- In the year of acquisition and year of disposition, half-year depreciation is allowed in both scenarios.

"Mid-Quarter Convention"- If more than 40% of the property is placed in service in the last quarter of the year, then mid-quarter convention applies:

First quarter acquisition = 10.5 months allowable depreciation

Second quarter acquisition = seven and a half months allowable depreciation

Third quarter acquisition = four and a half months allowable depreciation

Fourth quarter acquisition = one and a half months allowable depreciation

Expensing Policy
Related Articles
  1. Investing Basics

    Calculating the Margin of Safety

    Buying below the margin of safety minimizes the risk to the investor.
  2. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: PowerShares S&P 500 Downside Hedged

    Find out about the PowerShares S&P 500 Downside Hedged ETF, and learn detailed information about characteristics, suitability and recommendations of it.
  3. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: Guggenheim Enhanced Short Dur

    Find out about the Guggenheim Enhanced Short Duration ETF, and learn detailed information about this fund that focuses on fixed-income securities.
  4. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares Morningstar Small-Cap Value

    Find out about the Shares Morningstar Small-Cap Value ETF, and learn detailed information about this exchange-traded fund that focuses on small-cap equities.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares MSCI KLD 400 Social

    Find out about the iShares MSCI KLD 400 Social exchange-traded fund, and learn detailed information about its characteristics, suitability and recommendations.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: Guggenheim BulletShrs 2018 HY CorpBd

    Find out about the Guggenheim BulletShares 2018 High Yield Corporate Bond ETF, and get information about this ETF that focuses on high-yield corporate bonds.
  7. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: PowerShares DWA SmallCap Momentum

    Find out about the PowerShares DWA SmallCap Momentum Portfolio ETF, and explore detailed analysis the fund's characteristics, suitability and recommendations.
  8. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: ProShares Large Cap Core Plus

    Learn information about the ProShares Large Cap Core Plus ETF, and explore detailed analysis of its characteristics, suitability and recommendations.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: iShares Core Growth Allocation

    Find out about the iShares Core Growth Allocation Fund, and learn detailed information about its characteristics, suitability and recommendations.
  10. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    ETF Analysis: Vanguard Total World Stock

    Learn about the Vanguard Total World Stock exchange-traded fund, which invests in stocks located in numerous countries with a high level of diversification.
RELATED TERMS
  1. Net Line

    The amount of risk that an insurance company retains after subtracting ...
  2. Political Risk Insurance

    Coverage that provides financial protection to investors, financial ...
  3. Maximum Drawdown (MDD)

    The maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before ...
  4. Gross Exposure

    The absolute level of a fund's investments.
  5. Priori Loss Estimates

    A technique used by insurance companies to calculate loss reserves.
  6. Value Of Risk (VOR)

    The financial benefit that a risk-taking activity will bring ...
RELATED FAQS
  1. Is my IRA/Roth IRA FDIC-Insured?

    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or FDIC, is a government-run agency that provides protection against losses if ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Does index trading increase market vulnerability?

    The rise of index trading may increase the overall vulnerability of the stock market due to increased correlations between ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are common delta hedging strategies?

    The term delta refers to the change in price of an underlying stock or exchange-traded fund (ETF) as compared to the corresponding ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does being overweight in a particular sector increase risk to a portfolio?

    An investor who is overweight in a particular sector risks a loss in value for the portfolio if there is a downturn in that ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are the primary risks an investor should consider when investing in the retail ...

    The retail sector consists of companies operating in multiple industries such as specialty retail, general retail, food and ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What risks do I face when investing in the insurance sector?

    Like all equity investments, insurance companies present investors with market risk. Insurance companies, like banks, also ... Read Full Answer >>
Trading Center
×

You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!