The most basic description of non-qualified deferred compensation is that it is an arrangement whereby the employer provides for a deferred benefit in the form of compensation to begin at the retirement of the recipient employee. Such benefit is not subject to the numerous requirements of tax-qualified plans under the internal revenue code such as non-discrimination, vesting, coverage, funding, disclosure, distribution and reporting.
The plan's non-qualified status makes it an oft utilized tool by employers to benefit and, in consequence, retain select key employees within an organization. This section discusses the basic features of non-qualified deferred compensation, how such arrangements differ from their tax-qualified counterparts, the basic types of non-qualified plans and their application, their income tax provisions, funding methodology and strategy. Because of the wide berth that such arrangements afford the plan design process, the depth of their treatment could be substantial. For the purposes of the CFP® examination, a basic foundation is required as to definition, terminology, operation, tax provisions and application.
After reading this section, you should be able to:
- list and describes the basic features of a non-qualified deferred compensation plan.
- discuss how such plans differ from qualified plans.
- discuss the basic types of non-qualified deferred compensation plans and their application.
- discuss the income tax implications of such arrangements, including: constructive receipt, substantial risk of forfeiture and the economic benefit doctrine.
- discuss the ways to fund such plans and the advantages and disadvantages of each.
- discuss some of the more commonplace strategies that utilize non-qualified deferred compensation plans.
Cash and Equivalents
RetirementUnderstand the difference between a qualifying or nonqualifying deferred compensation plan. Learn about the benefits of a deferred compensation plan.
RetirementThese tax-advantaged retirement savings plans have their pros and cons, and employers and employees must follow strict guidelines.
RetirementDiscover the major advantages and disadvantages offered by deferred compensation plans for retirement as compared to a 401(k) plan.
RetirementThe tax savings of non-qualified deferred compensation plans are not the only tax fact you need to know before signing up for one.
RetirementQualified and non-qualified retirement plans are created by employers to benefit their employees.
RetirementWhat's are the key differences between these two retirement savings plans?
RetirementThese plans aren't widely used, but they fill a specific niche for employees in certain situations.
RetirementA pension plan is a savings plan maintained by an employer on behalf of its employees for their retirement.
RetirementLearn about the pros and cons of non-qualified deferred compensation (NQDC) plans, including the flexibility of non-ERISA plans and the potential for forfeiture.
RetirementLearn about eligibility requirements, contributions and distribution rules for these retirement plans.