Determining Retirement Needs - Projected Cash-Flow shortfalls

The first attempt at projecting retirement income for an individual or couple very likely will show a shortfall in cash flow. This is not unusual at all in retirement planning. Fortunately, there are a number of different steps that can be taken to try to make up for this shortfall. The further away an individual is from retirement, the easier it will be to make up for a projected cash flow shortfall.

Below are some steps to consider in such a case. They involve either increasing income or cutting expenses.

  • Increase savings - The first step somebody in the pre-retirement phase should take. More effective for somebody who has many years until retirement.
  • Investing for higher return - Involves a higher level of risk. Greater chance of success with those whose portfolios are too conservative for their given level of risk tolerance.
  • Working longer - Working just a couple years longer than planned can make a huge difference in an individual's retirement outlook.
  • Delaying Social Security benefits - As reviewed below, the longer an individual waits to collect Social Security retirement benefits, the greater the amount they will receive.
  • Cutting expenses - A careful review of expenses is in order, both as a way to increase retirement savings and eliminate a cash flow shortage.
  • Downsize housing - Somebody at or near retirement facing a large cash flow shortfall that will otherwise be difficult to make up may wish to consider the sale of a larger home and purchase of a smaller one. This may provide a lump sum that can be invested for income or be drawn upon in retirement. A careful consideration of real estate closing costs must be part of the analysis.
  • Reverse mortgage - A type of mortgage where homeowners can borrow money against the value of their home. No repayment of the mortgage (principal or interest) is required of the borrower(s) until the borrowers are deceased or the home is sold. After accounting for the initial mortgage amount, the rate at which interest accrues, the length of the loan and rate of home price appreciation, the transaction is structured so that the loan amount will not exceed the value of the home over the life of the loan.
Introduction
Related Articles
  1. Options & Futures

    Five Advantages of Futures Over Options

    Futures have a number of advantages over options such as fixed upfront trading costs, lack of time decay and liquidity.
  2. Products and Investments

    How to Create a New Financial Product in 10 Steps

    The 10 steps outlined here are essential to the creation of a new financial product.
  3. Professionals

    A Day In The Life Of A Public Accountant

    Here's an inside look at the workdays of two experienced CPAs, to give you an idea of what it might be like to pursue a career as a public accountant.
  4. Professionals

    A Day in the Life of a Public Accountant

    There’s no typical day in the life of a public accountant, but one accountant’s experience may shed some light on what the career entails.
  5. Saving and Spending

    A Key Tip for Making Your Nest Egg Last Longer

    Retirees who don't want to deplete their nest eggs during a bear market should make sure to do the following.
  6. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Fidelity Target Risk Funds Overview

    Get a brief overview of Fidelity's seven target risk funds, with a description of each fund's asset allocation and expense ratio.
  7. Investing News

    Is it the Right Time to Raise Interest Rates?

    Warning signs have started to emerge that point to a potentially dismal 2016 for the U.S. economy.
  8. Markets

    Four Big Risks of Algorithmic High-Frequency Trading

    Algorithmic HFT has a number of risks, and it also can amplify systemic risk because of its propensity to intensify market volatility.
  9. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    The Top 3 Invesco Funds for Retirement Diversification in 2016

    Explore analyses of the top three Invesco mutual funds for retirement diversification in 2016, and learn about the characteristics of these target-date funds.
  10. Investing Basics

    Hedging Risk for Beginners: How and When to Do It

    Hedging risk is always a good idea. Here is how sophisticated investors go about it.
RELATED TERMS
  1. Sortino Ratio

    A modification of the Sharpe ratio that differentiates harmful ...
  2. Equity Risk Premium

    The excess return that investing in the stock market provides ...
  3. Net Line

    The amount of risk that an insurance company retains after subtracting ...
  4. Political Risk Insurance

    Coverage that provides financial protection to investors, financial ...
  5. Maximum Drawdown (MDD)

    The maximum loss from a peak to a trough of a portfolio, before ...
  6. Gross Exposure

    The absolute level of a fund's investments.
RELATED FAQS
  1. What's the difference between a stop and a limit order?

    Different types of orders allow you to be more specific about how you'd like your broker to fulfill your trades. When you ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Are secured personal loans better than unsecured loans?

    Secured loans are better for the borrower than unsecured loans because the loan terms are more agreeable. Often, the interest ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Which mutual funds made money in 2008?

    Out of the 2,800 mutual funds that Morningstar, Inc., the leading provider of independent investment research in North America, ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Why are mutual funds subject to market risk?

    Like all securities, mutual funds are subject to market, or systematic, risk. This is because there is no way to predict ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why have mutual funds become so popular?

    Mutual funds have become an incredibly popular option for a wide variety of investors. This is primarily due to the automatic ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Can your car insurance company check your driving record?

    While your auto insurance company cannot pull your full motor vehicle report, or MVR, it does pull a record summary that ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
  2. Ponzimonium

    After Bernard Madoff's $65 billion Ponzi scheme was revealed, many new (smaller-scale) Ponzi schemers became exposed. Ponzimonium ...
  3. Quarterly Earnings Report

    A quarterly filing made by public companies to report their performance. Included in earnings reports are items such as net ...
  4. Dark Pool Liquidity

    The trading volume created by institutional orders that are unavailable to the public. The bulk of dark pool liquidity is ...
  5. Godfather Offer

    An irrefutable takeover offer made to a target company by an acquiring company. Typically, the acquisition price's premium ...
Trading Center