- Geometric Average/Arithmetic Average - These are both measures of central tendency.
- Geometric Average: the average compounded return. The formula is expressed as follows:
- Arithmetic Average
AM = ?HPRt/n
Geometric Average - Geometric average is always less than the arithmetic mean, except when returns are equal for each period. Then, the geometric and arithmetic averages would be equal. This average is the same as the internal rate of return (IRR).
Arithmetic Average - does not take into account the compounding effects of returns. It is good for approximating the earning rate over time, but will tend to be less accurate if returns fluctuate widely from year to year.
- Time-Weighted Return/Dollar - Weighted Return:
- Time-Weighted Return: a measure of the performance of an investment over time without regard to cash flows in either direction. This is the preferred return measure that planners use, as it strips out the bias that cash flows create with a dollar-weighted return.
- Dollar-Weighted Return: a measure of performance of an investment over time, only here cash flows figure into the return calculation, giving effect to inflows and outflows of money.
Measures of Investment Return (Contd.)
InvestingThe compound annual growth rate, or CAGR for short, represents one of the most accurate ways to calculate and determine returns for individual assets, investment portfolios and anything that ...
InvestingTime-weighted rate of return measures the performance of an investment portfolio by taking a single investment and measuring its growth or loss at the end of a time period.
InvestingCalculate returns frequently and accurately to ensure that you're meeting your investing goals.
InvestingThe annualized total return is the average return of an investment each year over a given time period.
InvestingThe Jensen measure is another tool investors use to include risk when measuring portfolio performance.
Managing WealthTotal return measures the rate of return earned from an investment over a period of time.
RetirementAllowing growth on your investments to compound over time gives you immense returns when saving for retirement.
InvestingDiscover the seasonal trading patterns of the Vanguard Large-Cap ETF, including the three months of the year that have generated the best returns since 2012.
RetirementHolding a mix of investments in your portfolio can help you avoid selling at a loss. This list of asset classes with specific options is a good start.
InvestingAnnual return is the standard percentage rate for most investments and credit facilities.