Retirement and College Savings Plans - Roth IRAs

The Roth IRA was introduced by the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997. This Act essentially allows investors to contribute to a form of IRA called a Roth IRA in which contributions are not tax-deductible. Instead, an investor can withdraw funds from a Roth IRA tax-free after five years of ownership, and only under certain circumstances outlined by the IRS. Moreover, RMD rules do not apply to the Roth IRA.

In 2013, an individual can contribute up to $5,500 to a Roth account.  There are certain income limitations on Roth IRAs. A single person with an AGI of $114,000 or less can contribute to a Roth IRA, with the phase-out of contributions occurring between $99,000 and $114,000. The AGI limit for married couples filing jointly is less than $166,000, with the phase-out of contribution eligibility occurring between $156,000 and $166,000. It does not matter if the investor participates in an employer-sponsored retirement plan, as anyone is eligible for a Roth IRA. For individuals who are married and living with their spouse, but are filing separately, their AGI must be less than $11,000, with the phase out occurring between an AGI of $0 and $11,000.

The Roth IRA is arguably the IRA with the most potential tax advantage. Find out why and more within the tutorial: Roth IRAs.

Although Roth IRAs have excellent tax benefits, make sure you or your client meets the eligibility requirements. The article, Roth IRA: Back to Basics holds more information.

In some cases it is beneficial to split contributions between Roth and Traditional IRAs, depending on your client's needs. Read more about the deductions and tax credits associated with IRAs within the article IRA Contributions: Deductions and Tax Credits.

Note that in some cases either the Roth or Traditional IRA will be more beneficial for a client than a combination of both. In order to answer this question in detail you need to consider several factors, which are outlined within the article: Roth or Traditional IRA... Which is the Better Choice?

IRA Rules and Regulations
Related Articles
  1. Professionals

    Career Advice: Financial Analyst Vs. Investment Banker

    Read an in-depth comparison about working as a Financial Analyst vs. working as an Investment Banker, two highly prestigious business careers.
  2. Professionals

    Who Needs to Take the Series 65?

    Most states require individuals to pass the Series 65 exam in order to act as investment advisors.
  3. Investing Basics

    How to Vet Financial Advisors Via BrokerCheck

    Many people research restaurants or movies, but few select brokers or financial advisors with much research. Here's how BrokerCheck can help.
  4. Professionals

    Career Advice: Financial Planner Vs. Stockbroker

    Read an in-depth review of a career as a financial planner as opposed to a career as a stockbroker, including how to decide which is best for you.
  5. Term

    Understanding the Maintenance Margin

    A maintenance margin is the minimum amount of equity that must be kept in a margin account.
  6. Investing Basics

    Brokers and RIAs: One and the Same?

    Brokers and registered investment advisors have some key differences. Here's what you need to know.
  7. Professionals

    Is a Google Robo-Advisor on the Horizon?

    It's possible that Google is looking to get into the robo-advisor business, either as a new venture or as a way to provide more benefits to employees.
  8. Professionals

    Understanding Series 6

    Upon successful completion of the Series 6, an individual will have the qualifications needed to sell open end mutual funds and variable annuities
  9. Professionals

    Top Strategies on How to Become a Stock Broker

    Gunning to be a stock broker and want an edge? Here's some veteran advice.
  10. Trading Systems & Software

    Steps to Starting Up an Independent Broker Dealer

    Launching your own broker-dealer is a lot of work, but the potential payoff is great, both personally and financially.
  1. Maintenance Margin

    The minimum amount of equity that must be maintained in a margin ...
  2. Series 6

    A securities license entitling the holder to register as a limited ...
  3. Comprehensive Automated Risk Data ...

    The Comprehensive Automated Risk Data System (CARDS) is an initiative ...
  4. Corporate Financing Committee

    A regulatory group that reviews documentation that is submitted ...
  5. Series 79

    A examination to ensure a candidate is qualified to become a ...
  6. Research Analyst

    A person who prepares investigative reports on equity securities. ...
  1. Do financial advisors need to pass the Series 7 exam?

    The exact nature of a financial advisor's job responsibilities determines whether he must have a Series 7 license. If a financial ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Is a financial advisor required to have a degree?

    Financial advisors are not required to have university degrees. However, they are required to pass certain exams administered ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Do financial advisors need to be approved by FINRA?

    The term "financial advisor" can refer to a couple of different roles. It most often refers to a broker-dealer or an investment ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. How does a broker decide which customers are eligible to open a margin account?

    Brokers have the sole discretion to determine which customers may open margin accounts with them, although there are regulations ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What are some of the major regulatory agencies responsible for overseeing financial ...

    There are a number of agencies assigned to regulate and oversee financial institutions and financial markets, including the ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Why is the Nasdaq more heavily weighted to tech stocks than other stock exchanges?

    The Nasdaq became the world's first electronic stock exchange at its inception in 1971. The exchange's dedication to advancing ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Zero-Sum Game

    A situation in which one person’s gain is equivalent to another’s loss, so that the net change in wealth or benefit is zero. ...
  2. Capitalization Rate

    The rate of return on a real estate investment property based on the income that the property is expected to generate.
  3. Gross Profit

    A company's total revenue (equivalent to total sales) minus the cost of goods sold. Gross profit is the profit a company ...
  4. Revenue

    The amount of money that a company actually receives during a specific period, including discounts and deductions for returned ...
  5. Normal Profit

    An economic condition occurring when the difference between a firm’s total revenue and total cost is equal to zero.
  6. Operating Cost

    Expenses associated with the maintenance and administration of a business on a day-to-day basis.
Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!