Exam Tips and Tricks
Make sure you know the distinguishing features of each type of investment company! You are sure to see a question on the exam that will test your knowledge of this subject.
Unit Investment Trusts (UITs)
A unit investment trust, or UIT, is a company established under an indenture or similar agreement. It has the following characteristics:
- The management of the trust is supervised by a trustee.
- Unit investment trusts sell a fixed number of shares to unit holders, who receive a proportionate share of net income from the underlying trust.
- The UIT security is redeemable and represents an undivided interest in a specific portfolio of securities.
- The portfolio is merely supervised, not managed, as it remains fixed for the life of the trust. In other words, there is no day-to-day management of the portfolio.
Face Amount Certificates
A face amount certificate company issues debt certificates at a predetermined rate of interest. Additional characteristics include:
- Certificate holders may redeem their certificates for a fixed amount on a specified date, or for a specific surrender value, before maturity.
- Certificates can be purchased either in periodic installments or all at once with a lump-sum payment.
- Face amount certificate companies are almost nonexistent today.
Management Investment Companies
The most common type of investment company is the management investment company, which actively manages a portfolio of securities to achieve its investment objective. There are two types of management investment company: closed-end and open-end. The primary differences between the two come down to where investors buy and sell their shares - in the primary or secondary markets - and the type of securities they sell.
- Closed-End Investment Companies: A closed-end investment company issues shares in a one-time public offering. It does not continually offer new shares, nor does it redeem its shares like an open-end investment company. Once shares are issued, an investor may purchase them on the open market and sell them in the same way. The market value of the closed-end fund's shares will be based on supply and demand, much like other securities. Instead of selling at net asset value, the shares can sell at a premium or at a discount to the net asset value.
- Open-End Investment Companies: Open-end investment companies, also known as mutual funds, continuously issue new shares. These shares may only be purchased from the investment company and sold back to the investment company. Mutual funds are discussed in more detail in the Variable Contracts section.
Mutual Fund Pricing
InvestingLearn more about unit investment trusts (UITs), and discover some of the most common trends in the UIT market to date in the year 2016.
InvestingAlthough less popular than their open-ended counterparts, these investment vehicles are worth a second look.
InvestingA unit investment trust is an unmanaged investment company that offers a fixed portfolio of stocks and bonds.
InvestingOpen-end products may be a safer choice than closed-end, but closed-end funds might produce a better return.
InvestingMuch like an individual’s wardrobe, many portfolios are collections of separate items. They combine stocks and bonds and other investments into one product.
InvestingAn open-end fund is a type of mutual fund that does not limit the amount of shares it issues, but issues as many shares as investors are willing to buy.
Financial AdvisorAdvisors looking to recommend closed-end funds to clients might want to consider ones that have withstood the test of time. Here are a few examples.
InvestingA rich offering of attractive alternatives have the open-ended mutual fund facing obsolescence.
Financial AdvisorMany institutions want a piece of your portfolio, but trusts can provide a one-stop shop.