Settlement of Transactions

This section covers transaction settlements, which is the date that ownership of a security changes from the seller to the buyer. It also refers to the date that the buyer must pay for and the seller must deliver the securities to the broker-dealer. Regular way transactions settle on the third business day after the trade date, which is referred to as T+3. Most securities, including stocks and corporate bonds, settle this way. However, U.S. government securities have a regular way settlement of T+1. Some transactions can be specified to settle on the same day as the trade. These are referred to as a cash trades.

There are several exceptions to these settlement rules:

SEC Rule 15c6-1 - Settlement Cycle
One of the exceptions to the T+3 rule is for contracts for the sale for cash of securities that are priced after 4:30pm Eastern time on the date such securities are priced and that are sold by an issuer to an underwriter pursuant to a firm commitment, underwritten offering registered under the Securities Act of 1933. They can also be sold to an initial purchaser by a broker-dealer participating in such offering, provided that a broker or dealer does not effect or enter into a contract for the purchase or sale of such securities that provides for payment of funds and delivery of securities later than the fourth business day after the date of the contract, unless otherwise expressly agreed to by the parties at the time of the transaction.

NASD (now kown as FINRA) 2830 m - Prompt Payment for Investment Company Shares
Members (including underwriters) that engage in direct retail transactions for investment company shares shall transmit payments received from customers for such shares, which such members have sold to customers, to payees (i.e., underwriters, investment companies or their designated agents) by (a) the end of the third business day following a receipt of a customer's order to purchase such shares or by (b) the end of one business day following receipt of a customer's payment for such shares, whichever is the later date.

Members that are underwriters and that engage in wholesale transactions for investment company shares shall transmit payments for investment company shares, which such members have received from other members, to investment company issuers or their designated agents by the end of two business days following the receipt of such payments.

Delivery of Securities

NASD (now known as FINRA) Rule 11310 - Book-Entry Settlement
A member shall use the facilities of a securities depository for the book-entry settlement of all transactions in depository-eligible securities with another member or a member of a national securities exchange or a registered securities association.

A member shall not effect a delivery-versus-payment or receipt-versus-payment transaction in a depository-eligible security with a customer unless the transaction is settled by book-entry using the facilities of a securities depository.

This rule requires broker-dealers to deliver securities using book-entry settlement, which is an electronic system of custody, transfer and settlement that does not use the physical security certificates. It allows shares to move electronically through the Depository Trust Corporation (DTC) system and allows fast and accurate transfers of securities with simultaneous cash settlement. Book-entry settlement can be used only when the securities are listed in the customer's name but registered to the broker-dealer.

NASD (FINRA) Rule 11320 - Dates of Delivery
This rule spells out the delivery dates for regular-way and cash settlement, and defines delivery to be made at the office of the purchaser on the appropriate date.

NASD (FINRA) Rule 11330 - Payment
The party making delivery shall have the right to require the purchase money to be paid upon delivery by certified check, cashier's check, bank draft or cash.



Confirmation of Transactions and Account Statements

Related Articles
  1. Investing

    What Do T+1, T+2, and T+3 Mean?

    T+1, T+2, and T+3 denote the day settlement occurs on a transaction.
  2. Investing

    The Foundation Of Structured Settlements

    This annuitized payment setup should be arranged through impartial attorneys and tax agents.
  3. Investing

    Explaining Delivery Versus Payment

    Delivery versus payment is a common procedure for settling the exchange of securities.
  4. Personal Finance

    What Is a Lawsuit Settlement Loan?

    A lawsuit settlement loan is a cash advance for an impending settlement or judgment. There can be pricey strings attached.
  5. Personal Finance

    A Guide To Debt Settlement

    Find out how you can negotiate your way to a lower debt load by paying up front.
  6. Investing

    HUD-1 Form: What Must Be On It

    You can't close on property involving federally related mortgages without a HUD-1 form. Use these instructions for a correct form so you close on time.
  7. Taxes

    The Truth About IRS Tax Settlement Firms

    These companies claim that they can reduce or even eliminate what you owe to the IRS. Find out the facts behind this alluring fiction.
  8. Insights

    FINRA: How It Protects Investors

    Find out the history of FINRA, and how it's organized to monitor the markets and protect investors.
  9. Managing Wealth

    An Introduction To Life Settlements

    A life settlement is the trading of a life insurance policy under specific circumstances. Learn what it's all about.
  10. Trading

    Principal Trading and Agency Trading

    Ever wonder what happens behind the scenes when you buy or sell a stock? Read on and find out!
Frequently Asked Questions
  1. Why is social responsibility important to a business?

    Take social responsibility seriously, and your business could benefit from happier, more productive staff members while helping ...
  2. Which socially responsible retailers appeal most to ethical investors?

    Learn why ethical investors have many options in the retail sector, and discover which retail companies are most popular ...
  3. What are Some Examples of Free Market Economies?

    Learn which of the world's economies best resemble free market economies, marked by free trade, low government involvement, ...
  4. Who Decides When to Print money in India?

    Find out the role of the Reserve Bank of India, or RBI, and the amount of authority given to the government. Learn who is ...
Trading Center