Of course, an income statement is not enough to determine a potential client's financial situation. You also need an individual balance sheet that shows assets, liabilities and net worth:
|Individual Balance Sheet as of 01 JULY 20xx|
|Marketable securities (stocks, mutual funds)||$28,000|
|Furnishings and collectibles||$22,000|
|Certificates of deposit||$7,000|
|Total current assets||$87,000|
|Mortgage (current portion)||$25,000|
|Taxes and penalties payable||$5,000|
|Auto lease payments payable (current portion)||$3,000|
|Other current obligations||$2,000|
|Total current liabilities||$28,000|
|Liquid net worth||(Total current assets minus total current liabilities)||$59,000|
|Life insurance value||$60,000|
|Retirement accounts and savings bonds||$470,000|
|Total deferred assets||$650,000|
|Mortgage payments (non-current portion)||$200,000|
|Auto lease payments (non-current portion)||$3,000|
|Total deferred liabilities||$203,000|
|Deferred net worth||(Deferred assets minus deferred liabilities)||$447,000|
|Net worth||(Liquid net worth plus deferred net worth)||$506,000|
- Current assets are those things of value that can be turned to cash within the year. Current liabilities are those obligations that must be paid within the year.
- Deferred assets are all those assets that are not current and, likewise, deferred liabilities are those liabilities that are not current.
- Liquid net worth is current assets minus current liabilities.
- Deferred net worth is deferred assets minus deferred liabilities.
- Total net worth is liquid net worth plus deferred net worth.
When looking at the balance sheet, it is prudent to ensure the prospective client has a cash reserve of at least half a year's pay before suggesting she lock into any long-term investments. In this case, the prospect makes $55,000 in half a year (income statement: half of annual salary plus bonus) and has $58,000 in cash and marketable securities, so she appears to be a genuine candidate for a registered representative's services.
You do not know when the CDs or bonds can be cashed in without penalty, so it is best to assume they are not cash-equivalent. Furnishings and collectibles, although they represent a significant amount of current assets, are not cash equivalents.
InvestingAs an experienced or new analyst, liabilities tell a deep story of how a company finances, plans and accounts for money it will need to pay at a future date.
InvestingNet worth is the amount by which assets exceed liabilities. Another way to say this is, it's the value of everything you own, minus all your debts.
TaxesDeferred tax liability is a tax that has been assessed or is due for the current period, but has not yet been paid. The deferral arises because of timing differences between the accrual of the ...
TaxesA Deferred Tax Asset is an asset on a company’s balance sheet that may be used to reduce taxable income. It is the opposite of a deferred tax liability, which describes something that will increase ...
InvestingTotal liabilities are the combined debts an individual or company owes.
RetirementDiscover the major advantages and disadvantages offered by deferred compensation plans for retirement as compared to a 401(k) plan.
InvestingCurrent Liabilities are company debts due within one year or one operating cycle, whichever is greater. An operating cycle is the time it takes a company to purchase inventory and convert it ...
InvestingDetermine your net worth by making your own cash flow statement and balance sheet.
InvestingKnowing what the company's financial statements mean will help you to analyze your investments.
InvestingNoncurrent liabilities are financial obligations a company owes a year or more into the future.