Debt Securities - Retiring Corporate Bonds

Interest rates are always changing, so a company that issues a bond will usually insert a provision that allows it to pay off some or all of its debt prior to the bond's maturity date. This provision is triggered when rates decline and the issuer can borrow at a more favorable rate.

There are at least three bond redemption mechanisms available:

  1. Call feature: Grants the issuer the right to buy back all or part of an issue prior to the maturity date; callable bonds might also feature call protection, which stipulates that bonds may not be called for a specific initial period, usually two or three years.

  2. Sinking fund call: On either a mandatory or an optional basis, the issuer deposits money in a fund designated for redeeming outstanding bonds. If the sinking fund is mandatory, then certain principal amounts must be redeemed annually on specified dates. If the fund is optional, redemption takes place at the discretion of the issuer.

  3. Refunding: When a company issues a bond in order to pay off a previously existing bond issue.
Bond Ratings
Related Articles
  1. Professionals

    5 Reasons Financial Advisors Still Choose Mutual Funds

    Take a look at five primary reasons why financial advisors still choose to recommend mutual funds over other types of investment vehicles.
  2. Professionals

    Internal Advisor Consultant: Career Path & Qualifications

    Discover more about the responsibilities of an internal advisor consultant, the average salary he can expect and the qualifications he will need for the job.
  3. Brokers

    Broker-Dealer Industry 101: The Landscape

    Independent broker-dealers are a great choice for experienced, self-starter planners who have established practices.
  4. Personal Finance

    RIAs and Brokers: What's the Difference?

    RIAs and brokers are held to different standards when providing investment advice. Here's how they differ.
  5. Trading Systems & Software

    Steps to Starting Up an Independent Broker Dealer

    Launching your own broker-dealer is a lot of work, but the potential payoff is great, both personally and financially.
  6. Professionals

    How To Answer Option Questions On The Series 7 Exam

    Learn how to answer option questions on the Series 7 exam. Pass your Series 7 exam with the help of these tips.
  7. Professionals

    Series 55

    FINRA Series 55 Exam Guide
  8. Professionals

    Series 62

    FINRA Series 62 Exam Guide
  9. Professionals

    Series 99

    FINRA/NASAA Series 99 Exam Guide
  10. Professionals

    Series 65

    FINRA/NASAA Series 65 Exam Guide
RELATED TERMS
  1. No results found.
RELATED FAQS
  1. Do financial advisors need to pass the Series 7 exam?

    The exact nature of a financial advisor's job responsibilities determines whether he must have a Series 7 license. If a financial ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Do financial advisors have to be licensed?

    Financial advisors must possess various securities licenses in order to sell investment products. The specific products an ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What are the differences between the Series 6 exam and the Series 7 exam?

    The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) offers a variety of licenses that must be obtained before conducting ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Socially Responsible Investment - SRI

    An investment that is considered socially responsible because of the nature of the business the company conducts. Common ...
  2. Inverted Yield Curve

    An interest rate environment in which long-term debt instruments have a lower yield than short-term debt instruments of the ...
  3. Presidential Election Cycle (Theory)

    A theory developed by Yale Hirsch that states that U.S. stock markets are weakest in the year following the election of a ...
  4. Super Bowl Indicator

    An indicator based on the belief that a Super Bowl win for a team from the old AFL (AFC division) foretells a decline in ...
  5. Flight To Quality

    The action of investors moving their capital away from riskier investments to the safest possible investment vehicles. This ...
  6. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
Trading Center