You can also look at the different types of risk in terms of how each applies to different stock classifications:

  • Growth Stock
    • A growth stock generates a higher rate of return than others in the market; it can also be described as a stock that is expected consistently to provide returns in excess of the company's cost of capital.
    • Growth stock are also sensitive to increases in interest rates and inflation because these drive up the cost of capital, and growth stocks, by definition, must exceed these hurdles.
    • In addition, growth stocks are sensitive to capital, timing, market, political and currency risks.

  • Speculative Stock
    • A speculative stock is one that appears overpriced compared to how other stocks in the market are valued.
    • Specualtive stocks might be thinly traded and might not even be listed on an exchange, so liquidity risk is a consideration.
    • In addition, speculative stocks are sensitive to capital, timing, market, political and currency risks.

  • Defensive Stock
    • A defensive stock is not expected to lose its value as quickly as others during a bear market.
    • As a result, defensive stock are safe havens during economic downturns since they hold their own during bear markets.
    • In fact, as more investment dollars search for fewer dependable securities, a defensive stock might actually rise as other sectors fall.
    • Defensive stocks also tend to have higher dividends to pay out - or miss - and are thus are sensitive to credit risk.
    • In addition, defensive stocks are sensitive to capital, timing, and currency risks.

Income and Taxation

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