Haiti was rocked by a devastating 7.0 magnitude earthquake on January 12, 2010. Thousands of Haitian citizens perished and millions were affected.
Many countries have pledged aid including Belize, Brazil, Chile, China, Cuba, France, Israel, Iceland, Japan, Morocco, the Netherlands, Russia, Spain and the United Kingdom. Details of their pledges may be revealed after the damage has been assessed.

For those countries, large and small, that jumped into action immediately, let's take a look at their efforts in terms of each nation's size and population. Estimated calculations are based on initial pledges at time of writing and are expected to change. (For tips on what you can do to get ready for catastrophic events, check out our slideshow, 10 Ways To Prepare For Nature's Worst.)

  • United States
    Estimated Per-Capita Pledge: 32 cents
    The United States has taken the lead roles in orchestrating earthquake relief efforts. In addition to humanitarian aid,
    President Barack Obama promised at least $100 million in funds, and sent search and rescue teams, Coast Guard assistance, airport control and airlifts to drop supplies and transport the injured. The U.S. may top the list in terms of the value of overall assistance provided by one country, however given its size and population of 308 million, it may not end up being the largest donor on a per capita basis.

  • Canada
    Estimated Per-Capita Pledge: $1.67 (includes $50 million matching pledge)

    The Government of Canada launched Canada's Haiti Earthquake Relief Fund. Under this plan, for every dollar donated to the fund by individual citizens, the government will contribute one dollar to the fund, up to a total of $50 million. If individual Canadians donate $50 million, then the total amount of the fund will be $100 million. The government has stressed that the overall limit will be subject to review, actual needs in Haiti and the "ability of humanitarian and development assistance partner organizations to address those needs." Canada initially pledged $5 million in aid including helicopters, a disaster relief team and ships with supplies, equipment and personnel. However, Canada's per-capita donations are expected to rise significantly once the final tally from the Earthquake Relief Fund are in.

  • Guyana
    Estimated Per-Capita Pledge: $1.31
    Guyana has pledged $1 million of earthquake aid. The amount may seem small relative to the assistance offered by other nations, but not when Guyana's size and population taken into account. Guyana is the third smallest independent South American nation and has a population of approximately 762,000.

  • Norway
    Estimated Per-Capita Pledge: $3.72

    Norway has pledged $17.5 million to Haiti. This Northern European nation has a population of fewer than five million, making its aid package one of the most robust on a per capita basis. In addition to the cash pledge, the Norwegian Red Cross set up a field hospital and sent emergency supplies.

  • Trinidad and Tobago
    Estimated Per-Capita Pledge: 75 cents

    This Caribbean island nation holds two main islands, totaling less than 2,000 square miles. The islands have a combined population of about 1.34 million people. In the days following the earthquake, Trinidad and Tobago pledged $1 million for relief.

  • Gabon
    Estimated Per-Capita Pledge: 68 cents
    This small West African country also pledged $1 million for earthquake aid. With a population of approximately 1.475 million people, in terms of aid promised, the nation is packing a relatively powerful per capita punch.

  • Australia
    Estimated Per-Capita Pledge: 47 cents

    Australia pledged an initial $10 million of assistance to Haiti to come in the form of humanitarian relief and reconstruction assistance. Geographically speaking, Australia is a large nation. However, its population of about 21.4 million is very small (about one-fourteenth) relative to the United States.

Members of the international community have taken individual steps to assist those left to live in post-earthquake Haiti. Pledges of cash and humanitarian assistance will continue to pour in as the state of the tiny nation is assessed. Due to their size and influence, it may be easy to focus on the contributions of the larger nations; however, several small countries are pitching in. Their support is valuable and much needed.

Related Articles
  1. Investing

    The ABCs of Bond ETF Distributions

    How do bond exchange traded fund (ETF) distributions work? It’s a question I get a lot. First, let’s explain what we mean by distributions.
  2. Investing Basics

    3 Alternative Investments the Ultra-Rich Usually Own

    Learn about the ultra rich and what normally comprises their net worth; understand the top three alternative investments usually owned by the ultra rich.
  3. Investing

    Why Is Financial Literacy and Education so Important?

    Financial literacy is the confluence of financial, credit and debt knowledge that is necessary to make the financial decisions that are integral to our everyday lives.
  4. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 3 Commodities Mutual Funds

    Get information about some of the most popular and best-performing mutual funds that are focused on commodity-related investments.
  5. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Top 4 Asia-Pacific ETFs

    Learn about four of the best-performing exchange-traded funds, or ETFs, that offer investors exposure to the Asia-Pacific region.
  6. Retirement

    How Are 401(k) Withdrawals Taxed for Nonresidents?

    As a U.S. nonresident, deciding what to do with your 401(k) after you return home comes down to which tax penalties, if any, you're willing to incur.
  7. Savings

    Become Your Own Financial Advisor

    If you have some financial know-how, you don’t have to hire someone to advise you on investments. This tutorial will help you set goals – and get started.
  8. Investing

    Have Commodities Bottomed?

    Commodity prices have been heading lower for more than four years, being the worst performing asset class of 2015 with more losses in cyclical commodities.
  9. Options & Futures

    Pick 401(k) Assets Like A Pro

    Professionals choose the options available to you in your plan, making your decisions easier.
  10. Investing Basics

    5 Things To Ask Before Hiring A Financial Advisor

    Choosing a financial advisor isn't an easy task. Here's a list of the most important things to consider when planning for your financial future.
  1. Who decides to print money in Canada?

    In Canada, new money comes from two places: the Bank of Canada (BOC) and chartered banks such as the Toronto Dominion Bank ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. What are the risks of rolling my 401(k) into an annuity?

    Though the appeal of having guaranteed income after retirement is undeniable, there are actually a number of risks to consider ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can my 401(k) be seized or garnished?

    As long as your retirement funds are held in your 401(k) and you do not take them as distributions, your 401(k) cannot be ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Are mutual funds considered retirement accounts?

    Unlike a 401(k) or Individual Retirement Account (IRA), mutual funds are not classified as retirement accounts. Employers ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Why is my 401(k) not FDIC-Insured?

    401(k) plans are not FDIC-insured because they are typically composed of investments rather than deposits. The Federal Deposit ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Why are IRA, Roth IRAs and 401(k) contributions limited?

    Contributions to IRA, Roth IRA, 401(k) and other retirement savings plans are limited by the IRS to prevent the very wealthy ... Read Full Answer >>

You May Also Like

Trading Center
You are using adblocking software

Want access to all of Investopedia? Add us to your “whitelist”
so you'll never miss a feature!