This week in financial history has a bit of everything. Unfortunately, that includes murder. We'll scale the highs and lows of the human condition in this week of Wall Street History. (Missed last week's article? Check out Wall Street History: Worldcom, Rigas And Freddie.)

IN PICTURES: 10 Biggest Losers In Finance

Just Add Ketchup
On July 27, 1900, the H.J. Heinz company was incorporated. Henry Heinz and L. Clarence Noble had been in the food business for over 30 years before Heinz made their venture a corporation. The two started with condiments like horseradish, pickles and sauerkraut, adding their famous ketchup in 1876. Now Heinz dominates the global condiments markets, enjoying more than 50% market share in many of its product lines.

Sweet Goodbyes
On July 28, 2006, Pfizer CEO Henry Mckinnell announced that he would be departing from the company. During his reign, the shareholders saw more than 30% shaved off the share price as stock for stock acquisitions failed to add to the pharma giant's pipeline. Despite McKinnell's lukewarm performance, he walked away with a severance payout of over $11 million, a pension worth $6.6 million a year, and other payouts bringing his total compensation to over $200 million. Although this was record-breaking at the time, golden handshakes have only increased since then.

Birthdays
On July 30, 1863, Henry Ford was born in the area now known as Dearborn, Michigan. Ford left for Detroit at age 16 to apprentice as a machinist. Just over a decade later, Ford found himself under the tutelage of Thomas Edison, who encouraged him in making and marketing a self-propelled vehicle - an automobile. It would take another decade and change before Ford incorporated his company in 1903, and then came out with the Model T in 1908. By 1918, one out of every two cars in America was a Model T, and Ford was the premier industrialist of his age.

The other birthday is a less fantastic story, but no less important. On July 31, 1912, Milton Friedman was born. Friedman will be remembered for turning the intellectual climate and the political one back towards free market economics after decades of Keynesian rule. Friedman won the Nobel Memorial Prize for his work in economics, and won the attention of many for his PBS series Free To Choose, popularizing economics for the layman.

Trader Goes On Killing Spree
On July 29, 1999, day trader Mark Barton went on a shooting rampage through two Atlanta day trading firms. Barton killed 9 and injured 13 before committing suicide. He killed his family before going on his murderous rampage - a rampage that is believed to have been partially motivated by trading losses of over $100,000 leading up to the killings.

Y2K
Also on July 29, 1999, the SEC announced that all brokerages and publicly-traded companies should disclose their Y2K readiness as part of their quarterly reporting. This report was to include issues not yet addressed, precautions taken and contingency plans. The SEC had the back-up option of shutting down firms that were deemed unprepared. In the end, Y2K proved to be much less of a crash than the internet bubble that popped a full quarter into the year 2000.

The Coin Collector's Grail
On July 30, 2002, a 1933 Double Gold Eagle sold at auction for $6.6 million. The U.S. Mint created the coin just as the government changed the laws to make the "hoarding" gold illegal, so these coins never made it to the public - except by theft and smuggling. The Double Gold Eagle remains one of the most expensive collectibles in the world.

Tyco's Top Level Exodus
On August 1, 2002, Tyco' CFO Mark Swartz resigned. This followed the resignation of CEO Dennis Kozlowski and the firing of CLO Mark Belnik. It was later revealed that the Swartz and Kozlowski taking millions in loans from the company without proper approval. (Learn more about Tyco in The Biggest Stock Scams Of All Time.)

That's all for this week. Next week we will catch up with Charles Ponzi, Gates' rescue of Jobs and much more.

Catch up on your financial news; read Water Cooler Finance: The Unrelenting Claw Of Bernie Madoff.

Related Articles
  1. Personal Wealth & Private Banking

    5 Reasons to Invest in Mid-Century Modern Furniture

    Look for original pieces from the mid-20th century (not reproductions) as worthwhile investments – and get the pleasure of living with them, too.
  2. Saving and Spending

    Why the Classic Car Boom Might Be Ready to Bust

    The collectible car market has grown spectacularly, but recent numbers show that it may be heading for a correction.
  3. Investing Basics

    Defining The 3 Types Of Investments

    The first step to being a successful investor is knowing what is and isn't an investment.
  4. Fundamental Analysis

    The Unsung Pioneers Of Finance

    We all know names like Rockefeller, but there are other influential pioneers of finance in America's history.
  5. Your Clients

    Top Ways to Pass Passion Assets to Heirs

    Passion assets are finding favor among investors looking for alternative investments. Here's how to ensure smooth dispersion of these objects to heirs.
  6. Products and Investments

    Why MLPs May Be a Thing of the Past

    Do rising rates as well as lower oil prices mean a bleak future for master limited partnerships?
  7. Personal Finance

    3 Things To Buy That Could Soon Be Collectibles

    Collectibles can be a notoriously fickle market, but here are a few ideas about spotting what might become a valuable collectible down the road.
  8. Professionals

    7 Careers That No Longer Exist

    Learn how technology and innovation has led to the near-extinction and elimination of seven careers that once employed hundreds of thousands of people.
  9. Economics

    Management Strategies From A Top CEO

    Jack Welch is a legend in the business world: during the two decades he was CEO of General Electric, the company’s value rose by 4000%.
  10. Investing News

    Betamax, International Symbol Of Bad Marketing, Is Finally Dead (SNE)

    Sony Betamax is the business textbook case study of a company's spectacular oversight in assessing consumer demand. Now, Sony is finallly discontinuing it.
RELATED FAQS
  1. How did Enron use off-balance-sheet items to hide huge debts and toxic assets?

    Prior to its infamous accounting scandals and collapse, Enron used off-balance-sheet special purpose vehicles (SPVs) to hide ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Where did the term 'Nostro' account come from?

    The term "nostro" is Italian in origin. It means "our" or "ours." In accounting and finance, nostro accounts are often differentiated ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. Can the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index be used to determine competitive balance in professional ...

    Although the measurement and analysis of a company's key performance indicators (KPIs) vary by company, it is important to ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What is operations management theory and how can it help a business?

    Operations management is concerned with controlling the production process and business operations in the most efficient ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is Apple's current mission statement and how does it differ from Steve Job's ...

    Apple's current mission statement is "Apple designs Macs, the best personal computers in the world, along with OS X, iLife, ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. How do notaries reduce asymmetric information risk?

    A notary acts as an intermediary who can help mitigate the problems caused by asymmetric information in economic transactions. ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
  2. Ponzimonium

    After Bernard Madoff's $65 billion Ponzi scheme was revealed, many new (smaller-scale) Ponzi schemers became exposed. Ponzimonium ...
  3. Quarterly Earnings Report

    A quarterly filing made by public companies to report their performance. Included in earnings reports are items such as net ...
  4. Dark Pool Liquidity

    The trading volume created by institutional orders that are unavailable to the public. The bulk of dark pool liquidity is ...
  5. Godfather Offer

    An irrefutable takeover offer made to a target company by an acquiring company. Typically, the acquisition price's premium ...
Trading Center