Since 1998, The Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies - a non-profit, private foundation that conducts research and provides education concerning retirement trends, issues and opportunities - has conducted an Annual Retirement Survey. The center's 12th Annual Transamerica Retirement Survey polled 743 employers, 4,080 workers and 668 unemployed workers. Of the respondents, 40% plan to work longer and retire at an older age because of the economy, and 39% plan to retire after age 70 or not at all. More than half expect to work during retirement.

TUTORIAL: Retirement Planning

In addition to providing for oneself and one's spouse during retirement, many pre-retirees are delaying their golden years to deal with new child care expenses like the financial support of adult children. According to a May 2011 online poll commissioned by the National Endowment for Financial Education (NEFE), 59% of parents are providing financial assistance - in the form of housing, living expenses, transportation, insurance, medical bills and spending money - to their adult children who are no longer in school. Longer life expectancies, botched investments, increasing medical costs, the expense of supporting adult children and concerns about the economy are contributing to a higher retirement age.

Seventy: the New Retirement Age?
Individuals can start collecting Social Security retirement benefits as early as 62. The monthly benefit amount is reduced by about 30%. Each year that Social Security benefits are delayed, the percentage of reduction decreases, until age 67 which is considered the normal retirement age (NRA) for people born after 1954. In other words, the longer one waits to start collecting Social Security benefits, the larger the monthly check. If you wait until age 70, benefits earn extra credit - nearly a third more.

For example, a person who waits to collect benefits at the normal retirement age may receive $1,000 each month in benefits. Had that person started collecting at age 62, the monthly benefit would be reduced to $750. If they wait until age 70, they might receive $1,320 each month. Generally, those who are still working and/or making enough to make ends meet, who are in good health and expect to exceed the average life expectancy, and who are the higher-earning spouse are advised to wait until age 67 or more to collect benefits. There have been proposals to raise the Social Security retirement age to 70 by the year 2040, but no decisions have yet been made.

Other Factors
Social Security benefits - and when to collect them - are not the only driving force behind delayed retirement. People are living longer and the idea of "doing nothing" is a daunting prospect for some who would rather work than have too many retirement years to fill.

According to the 12th Annual Transamerica Retirement Survey, 44% of those who plan on working after retirement or age 65, will do so out of necessity. The remaining 56% will delay retirement for reasons such as stimulation and satisfaction, rather than financial need. Since people are living longer, concerns about running out of money - because of medical costs, the financial support of adult children or simple living expenses - can influence the decision to work and save for more years. (To help your retirement, read Will Your Retirement Income Be Enough?)

Make a Plan
Life's uncertainties can derail even the best laid retirement plans. Unexpected events happen that can force people into retirement before or after they had planned. Health problems and job loss can result in earlier-than-planned retirement. Worthless 401(k)s and unplanned-for expenses can force people to work longer.

Since we cannot predict these unexpected events, planning to never retire is not a practical retirement strategy. The fact is something may happen to prevent this. People still need to be proactive about making retirement plans that include a backup plan if retirement is forced sooner than expected.

Retirement planning involves number crunching and making difficult forecasts: figuring out how much money one will need to retire, how long one expects to live, weighing the pros and cons of taking Social Security benefits earlier or later and even estimating how much financial assistance children and siblings will need.

A large number of helpful resources can be found online, from retirement planning webinars to retirement calculators. Community colleges often offer free retirement seminars and qualified financial planners can be consulted for a fee. Regardless of how one goes about making a retirement plan, the important thing is that a realistic plan is made. Planning to never retire doesn't count.

Staying Relevant
Working longer may involve learning new skills to remain relevant in the workplace. Perhaps the most intimidating of those is the computer. While the grandkids may be adept at surfing the internet and making bar charts in Excel, the older generations may have yet to learn these essential skills.

Community colleges typically offer an array of classes to help late savers and pre-retirees stay pertinent in the workplace. Workers who snuck by without ever having to learn how to use a computer might consider an evening or weekend class - just in case these skills will be needed in the future. Technology skills and communication tools (texting, social media, etc.) help mature workers stay savvy and contemporary. If staying in an existing job or career isn't an option, transitioning to a new career field can provide the opportunity to learn a new skill set, meet new people and enjoy a longer, more fulfilling work life.

The Bottom Line
People are working longer for a variety of reasons including financial need and personal satisfaction. Planning to never retire does not make a retirement plan. Regardless of circumstances, people still need to do the difficult number crunching and scenario analysis to come up with a viable plan. Staying relevant in the workplace through continuing education and other job skills training can alleviate some of the challenges faced when working to the new retirement age and beyond. (For more on retirement planning, see Which Retirement Plan Is Best?)

Related Articles
  1. Savings

    What Your Credit Score Means for Your Love Life

    Wondering if your significant other wants to commit and is reliable? The Fed might have the answer.
  2. Your Clients

    Tips for Making Your Nest Egg Last Longer

    If you’re trying to figure out how to make your hard-earned nest egg last, there’s one piece of advice that stands above the rest.
  3. Retirement

    Early Out: A Realistic Plan to Retire Younger

    If you want to retire ahead of schedule, it'll take some extra planning.
  4. Mutual Funds & ETFs

    Which Fund Share Class is Best for Retirement?

    Mutual funds are a popular investment for retirement. Here's how to choose the best share class when investing in them.
  5. Retirement

    6 Robo-Advisors That Require Little to Start

    There are many well-regarded robo-advisor options that come with minimum investment amounts. Here are snapshots of a handful of them.
  6. Retirement

    Smart Ways to Tap Your Retirement Portfolio

    A rundown of strategies, from what to liquidate first to how much to withdraw, along with their tax consquences.
  7. Saving and Spending

    What Baby Boomers Need to Know About IRA RMDs

    Mandatory minimum distributions from traditional IRAs and qualified plans cannot be avoided. But there are several ways to minimize their impact.
  8. Your Clients

    How to Construct an Annual Review for Clients

    One of the best things that advisors can provide to clients is an annual review of their financial situation. Here are some guidelines.
  9. Retirement

    Is it Safe for Retirees to Invest in Technology?

    Tech stocks are volatile creatures, but there are ways even risk-adverse retirees can reap rewards from them. Here are some strategies.
  10. Retirement

    Roth IRAs Tutorial

    This comprehensive guide goes through what a Roth IRA is and how to set one up, contribute to it and withdraw from it.
  1. What is the Social Security administration responsible for?

    The main responsibility of the U.S. Social Security Administration, or SSA, is overseeing the country's Social Security program. ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Am I losing the right to collect spousal Social Security benefits before I collect ...

    The short answer is yes, if you haven't reached age 62 by December 31, 2015. The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 disrupted ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What is the maximum I can receive from my Social Security retirement benefit?

    The maximum monthly Social Security benefit payment for a person retiring in 2016 at full retirement age is $2,639. However, ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. Are target-date retirement funds good investments?

    The main benefit of target-date retirement funds is convenience. If you really don't want to bother with your retirement ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. Where else can I save for retirement after I max out my Roth IRA?

    With uncertainty about the sustainability of Social Security benefits for future retirees, a lot of responsibility for saving ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. Will quitting your job hurt your 401(k)?

    Quitting a job doesn't have to impact a 401(k) balance negatively. In fact, it may actually help in the long run. When leaving ... Read Full Answer >>
Trading Center