This question is part of the age-old debate between two nations. The societies of both Canada and the United States hold the view that their own country is the better place to live. Generally, neither country learns all the facts about what the other country has to offer. So, which is better: Canada or the United States?
Becoming a mother is one of the greatest gifts in the world. Spending time with your child as he or she grows up is a need of every mother. How does your country support new moms?
Canada has paid leave, and many employers offer benefits to new mothers, or parents, ranging from 17 weeks up to as much as 52 weeks. During this time, one of the spouses can claim Employment Insurance (EI) for approximately 15 weeks. Generally, EI payments are 55% of weekly earnings but have a maximum payment of CAD $485 per week. Parents can also split the allocated time if they choose.
While its northerly neighbors have a solid set of maternity and parental benefits, the United States currently does not mandate any sort of maternity leave. However, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) allows up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for extreme sickness and birth of a child. While this 12 weeks of unpaid leave is not specifically categorized as maternity leave, it can be used under the FMLA as such. Small companies of under 50 employees are exempt from the FMLA. Some states such as California and New Jersey include paid maternity benefits into their disability insurance, but this choice is solely at the discretion of each state.
Some of the more well-known services available to Canadians and Americans are healthcare and university funding. The United States is ranked No. 1 for most expensive healthcare per capita at USD $8,233. Conversely, Canada ranks No. 6 worldwide and is over USD $3,700 cheaper than the United States at USD $4,445 per capita, according to a 2012 OECD Health Data study using 2010 statistics. Americans pay over 17% of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) towards healthcare while Canadians sit at about 11%.
University can be another extremely large cost in a person's life. It puts many students tens of thousands of dollars in debt. Individual states have the choice on whether or not they want to grant funding to large state-run universities. Despite these grants, schooling is still very expensive for the average American. A bachelor's degree in the U.S. can run from about USD $37,600 for an average public college to over USD $160,000 at prestigious schools such as Harvard. In Canada, the average cost of an undergraduate degree starts at CAD $8,000 (Quebec) and increases to about CAD $26,000. The most expensive undergraduate programs in Canada will cost around CAD $50,000, which is approximately one-third the cost of a degree from Harvard University.
According to the website numbeo.com, the average income of an American and a Canadian are approximately the same amount. Canada's after-tax monthly income is about CAD $3,000 which totals around CAD $36,000per year. The U.S. sits just below Canada at approximately CAD $2,942 per month, or roughly CAD $35,300 per year.
The real difference is seen in the cost of living. While Americans and Canadians roughly make the same amount per annum, there are large gaps in specific spending areas of both countries.
The monthly rent for a one-bedroom condominium in the downtown area of your average city in Canada is near CAD $907, but only about CAD $878 in the United States. This difference of roughly CAD $29 per month adds up to nearly CAD $350 in the course of a year. If you multiply that over a five-year span, you are looking at over CAD $1,700 in additional expenses for housing alone.
Food is much more costly in Canada. One kilogram of chicken breasts costs around CAD $6.50 in the United States, while it averages almost CAD $11 in Canada. A mid-range, three-course meal for two in Canada ends up costing CAD $60. In the U.S. you are only paying about CAD $44. Finally, clothing is more expensive in Canada than in the United States. A CAD $40 pair of Levi's jeans in the States will run you about CAD $55 in Canada.
If all the little things are added that cost more in Canada, the total is far more than the CAD $700 salary difference that was originally stated. By this measure, the U.S. is cheaper to live in.
The Bottom Line
Canadians receive better social benefits such as healthcare, paid maternity leave and greater subsidization of their post-secondary schools. Both countries generally have around the same annual income. However, the cost of living in the United States is remarkably less. While Canadians may pay less for larger-life events, Americans pay less for day-to-day expenses such as eating and housing costs. Maybe it all evens out in the end, or perhaps one place really is better to live than the other. If you live a healthy and active lifestyle and don't plan on having children, the U.S. is potentially the place for you. If you plan on having many children and need the help putting them all through school, Canada may be the more suitable choice for your family. Whichever the case, the choice should be made on the basis of what you value most. Take into consideration your current and future lifestyle.