By most estimates, approximately 630,000 companies are now traded publicly throughout the world. The growth of global stock markets outside of the United States and Europe is a key reason that the number of public firms continues to grow. The U.S. still has the largest exchange in the world, but many of the largest exchanges now reside in Asia, which continues to grow in influence on the world stage. Below is an overview of some of the largest exchanges in the world.

Guide To Oil And Gas Plays: We've got your comprehensive guide to oil and gas shales in North America.

New York Stock Exchange
The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is part of NYSE EURONEXT, which now has exchanges in the U.S. and Europe. It estimates that its exchanges represent a third of all equities traded in the world. The NYSE continues to be one of the primary exchanges in the world and the largest in terms of the nearly $10 trillion in stock market capitalization it represents.

The NYSE has been around since 1792 and it is believed that Bank of New York, which is now part of Bank of New York Mellon, was the first stock traded. The ringing of the NYSE bell at the start and end of the day is a common occurrence in today's media.

The business has grown incredibly competitive in recent years. In a recent filing with the Securities And Exchange Commission (SEC), the company notes that it must compete for the listings of cash equities, exchange traded funds, structure products, futures, options and other derivatives.

Tokyo Stock Exchange
The Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) is the largest exchange in Japan and also number two behind the NYSE in terms of the more than $3 trillion in market capitalization the companies on its exchange represent. A stronger national currency is part of the reason behind the increasing size of the TSE. Around 2,000 firms are listed on the TSE.

The exchange was estimated to have first opened in 1878 and partners with other exchanges around the world, such as the London Stock Exchange below. The Nikkei 225 index is one of the primary and most popular indexes that represent some of the largest and most successful firms in Japan.

London Stock Exchange
The London Stock Exchange (LSE) qualifies as a top five stock market, with an estimated $2.2 trillion in stock market capitalization from the companies listed on its exchange. Its estimated founding was 1801, or nearly a decade following the opening of the NYSE.

The LSE considers itself the most international of global exchanges, based on the fact that around 3,000 companies from around the world trade on the LSE and its affiliated exchanges.

Hong Kong Stock Exchange
The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is one of the top 10 largest stock exchanges. The firms that are listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange represent close to $2 trillion in total market capitalization. Roughly 1,500 companies are listed on the exchange, which dates back to just prior to 1900, when it first started operating. Most importantly, the exchange represents one of the primary avenues for global investors to invest in China.

Shanghai Stock Exchange
The Shanghai Stock Exchange is one of the newest in the world. It opened in late 1990, and 1,500 companies trade on its exchange. Trading volume continues to increase, but has fallen dramatically since 2008, which marked a peak in terms of investment interest in China.

A major restriction is that "A" shares of Chinese companies are only available to citizens living in China. Hong Kong has "H" shares that are open to global investors.

The Bottom Line
Exchanges that also deserve mention include the Nasdaq, which is also based in the U.S., The Bombay Stock Exchange in India, Sao Paulo Stock Exchange in Brazil and the Australian Stock Exchange also continue to grow in influence on the global stage. The current global recession has slowed the progress of emerging markets, but they are expected to continue to gain market share in the coming decades as their economies grow and new firms go public and raise capital to serve a growing class of consumers, and continue to grow the worldwide network of exchanges.

Related Articles
  1. Active Trading Fundamentals

    Top 5 Apps for Stock Traders

    Discover some of the best mobile apps to help you gain the edge you need to take your stock portfolio to the next level from anywhere.
  2. Stock Analysis

    6 Risks International Stocks Face in 2016

    Learn about risk factors that can influence your investment in foreign stocks and funds, and what regions are more at-risk than others.
  3. Fundamental Analysis

    5 Predictions for the Chinese Stock Market in 2016

    Find out why market analysts are making these five ominous predictions about the Chinese stock market in 2016, and how it may impact the entire world.
  4. Investing

    3 Things About International Investing and Currency

    As world monetary policy continues to diverge rocking bottom on interest rates while the Fed raises them, expect currencies to continue their bumpy ride.
  5. Investing News

    Tufts Economists: TPP Will Reduce U.S. GDP

    According to economists at Tufts University, the TPP agreement will destroy half a million jobs in the U.S. by 2025.
  6. Economics

    Governments Ask Tech Giants to Join War on ISIS

    In the US and Israel, governments have asked their respective nations' tech industries to help in the war against ISIS.
  7. Economics

    How Interest Rates Affect The U.S. Markets

    When indicators rise more than 3% a year, the Fed raises the federal funds rate to keep inflation under control.
  8. Investing Basics

    Financial Markets: Capital vs. Money Markets

    Financial instruments with high liquidity and short maturities trade in money markets. Long-term assets trade in the capital markets.
  9. Economics

    4 Ways China Influences Global Economics

    Learn the four ways China's economy can influence the global economy. The recent decline in Chinese stock markets should be the least of your worries.
  10. Economics

    Three Reasons 2016 Could Be A Better Year for the Global Economy

    The diminishing commodities market and China's slowing growth hurt a lot of companies and economies worldwide. However, there is a chance that much of the shaking out has already occurred.
RELATED FAQS
  1. How do mutual funds work in India?

    Mutual funds in India work in much the same way as mutual funds in the United States. Like their American counterparts, Indian ... Read Full Answer >>
  2. Why would a corporation issue convertible bonds?

    A convertible bond represents a hybrid security that has bond and equity features; this type of bond allows the conversion ... Read Full Answer >>
  3. What kinds of costs are included in Free on Board (FOB) shipping?

    Free on board (FOB) shipping is a trade term published by the International Chamber of Commerce or ICC, that indicates which ... Read Full Answer >>
  4. What are the differences between B-shares and H-shares traded on Chinese stock exchanges?

    Equity listings in China generally fall under three primary categories: A shares, B shares and H shares. B shares represent ... Read Full Answer >>
  5. What is the difference between shares outstanding and floating stock?

    Shares outstanding and floating stock are different measures of the shares of a particular stock. Shares outstanding is the ... Read Full Answer >>
  6. What are the differences between H-shares and A-shares on Chinese and Hong Kong stock ...

    Publicly trade companies in China generally fall under three share categories: A shares, B shares and H-shares. A-shares ... Read Full Answer >>
Hot Definitions
  1. Flight To Quality

    The action of investors moving their capital away from riskier investments to the safest possible investment vehicles. This ...
  2. Discouraged Worker

    A person who is eligible for employment and is able to work, but is currently unemployed and has not attempted to find employment ...
  3. Ponzimonium

    After Bernard Madoff's $65 billion Ponzi scheme was revealed, many new (smaller-scale) Ponzi schemers became exposed. Ponzimonium ...
  4. Quarterly Earnings Report

    A quarterly filing made by public companies to report their performance. Included in earnings reports are items such as net ...
  5. Dark Pool Liquidity

    The trading volume created by institutional orders that are unavailable to the public. The bulk of dark pool liquidity is ...
Trading Center