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IBM Vs. The Dow Jones Industrial Average
IBM has lagged the Dow since 2013 and could fall further before finding enthusiastic buyers. 
Are there mutual funds that take advantage of merger arbitrage?
Learn specific information about some of the few mutual funds that offer investors the opportunity to obtain exposure to ... 
How was the stochastic oscillator developed?
Learn about the somewhat controversial history of the stochastic oscillator, one of the most important innovations in the ... 
How can I measure portfolio variance?
Find out more about portfolio variance, the formula to calculate portfolio variance and how to calculate the variance of ... 
What is the longterm average growth rate of the telecommunications sector?
Examine the current state of the telecommunications sector and learn about the historical average growth rate for telecommunications ... 
What is the difference between the equity market and the stock market?
Discover the basic information about the equity, or stock, market and the two primary classifications of equities that are ... 
How strong are the barriers to entry for new companies in the telecommunications ...
Discover the significant barriers to entry, such as the necessity for high capital expenditures, for new companies in the ... 
Search Engines That Compete With Google
While Bing now controls a substantial part of the online search market, the real threat to Google's dominance may come from ... 
6 Factors That Point to Global Recession in 2016
We may be on the verge of another global recession. 
Pay Less for Financial Advice
Here's a look at what you should pay for financial advice and investment management, what you should get for that price and ... 
How The NBA Makes Money
The National Basketball Association has moved past Major League Baseball to represent the second most popular sport in the ... 
Game Theory And The Greece Bank Crisis
How can game theory help us understand how the Greece bank crisis will play out? As things come to a head, Greece and the ... 
3 Savvy Strategies for Rolling Over Your 401(k)
How to make the most on your 401(k) rollover – including considerable tax benefits (capital gains, not income tax) when company ... 
How can I hedge my portfolio to protect from a decline in the retail sector?
Understand how savvy investors use noncyclical and countercyclical sectors to hedge against exposure to the volatile retail ... 
How is a block chain network useful for trading goods and assets in virtual currencies?
Find out how blockchain technology works and why it is so crucial for maintaining trading networks for virtual currencies ... 
What average annual total return does the utilities sector generate?
Learn the average annual total return the utilities sector generates for investors and why their returns are dependent on ... 
What is the formula for calculating the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) in Excel?
Find out more about the capital asset pricing model (CAPM) and the formula for calculating it in Microsoft Excel. 
What is the formula for calculating return on investment (ROI) in Excel?
Find out more about return on investment (ROI) and the formula used for calculating return on investment for a company in ... 
ETF Analysis: Vanguard FTSE Emerging Markets
Learn why growth investors should consider investing in VWO's portfolio of emerging market stocks. 
Hedge Fund Balance Sheet Example
What once was a niche investment vehicle for the ultrarich, the hedge fund industry has grown to more than $2.5 billion ... 
Why Real Estate Investors Need a Business Plan
And how to write one that will serve as a road map to give you direction and motivate you to stay on track. 
What is the longterm outlook of the telecommunications sector?
Discover the longterm outlook of the telecommunications sector and the various factors contributing to its continued growth ... 
What percentage of a diversified portfolio should be exposed to the retail sector?
Learn the steps investors use to determine their portfolio diversification strategy and how retail fits into some of the ... 
What happens if a company's earnings fall short of estimates?
Understand what it means when a company "misses earnings" and does not live up to consensus estimates, and learn why most ... 
Who or what is backing municipal bonds?
Learn about the basics of municipal bonds, including the various revenue sources that are utilized to back or secure municipal ... 
What is the formula for calculating the inventory turnover ratio in Excel?
Find out more about inventory turnover ratio and the formula for calculating a company's inventory turnover ratio using Microsoft ... 
What are some of the most common mutual funds that give exposure to the retail sector?
Obtain information on some of the most popular and best performing mutual funds that investors use to gain exposure to the ... 
What are some of the most popular ETFs that track the retail sector?
Discover the variety of different ETFs that track the retail sector, along with information about each fund, such as top ... 
Are there leveraged ETFs that follow the retail sector?
Read about leveraged exchangetraded funds (ETFs) that track the retail sector, and why using leveraged ETFs can be a boombust ... 
If I believe retail sector companies are overvalued how can I profit from a fall ...
Examine the various trading strategies that can be employed by an investor who anticipates a decline in stock prices in the ... 
Why is the utilities sector popular among value investors?
Learn why utility stocks are popular with value investors, including historically lower volatility and regular dividend distributions. 
Why have utility stocks become more volatile investments than they were historically?
Examine the current state of the utilities sector, and learn why analysts are forecasting uncharacteristic levels of volatility ... 
How do investors interpret the same store sales ratio when analyzing retail stocks?
Examine the importance of the samestore sales ratio as a key equity evaluation metric utilized by investors interested in ... 
Five Wildly Successful Value Investors
Warren Buffett is not the only investor who has benefited tremendously from adopting Graham's approach to investing. 
Pro Tips on Evaluating Clients' Risk Tolerance
Want to keep clients longer? Bolster your risk assessment capabilities. 
4 Factors that Make or Break Seadrill Stock
Learn what factors impact the stock price for Seadrill, including crude oil prices, dividend payments, quarterly revenues ... 
What is the formula for calculating working capital in Excel?
Find out more about working capital, what working capital measures and how to calculate a company's working capital using ... 
What is the interest rate offered on a typical margin account?
Learn about the basics of trading on margin accounts, specifically the rate of interest that is typically charged for margin ... 
What is the average return on equity for a company in the utilities sector?
Learn specifics about the utilities sector, how return on equity is determined and what the average ROE is for the utilities ... 
What techniques are most useful for hedging exposure to the utilities sector?
Learn how investors hedge against the stability of the utilities sector by seeking out sectors that are more volatile than ... 
How stable are municipal bonds?
Read about the safety and stability of the municipal bond market, and learn how that stability has been undermined since ... 
What are the differences between debt and equity markets?
Understand the basic, fundamental differences between the two primary investment markets of debt securities and equity investments. 
What is the difference between the equity market and the fixed income market?
Discover the differences between equity markets and fixed income markets, along with specific information about each type ... 
Explaining Value Stock
Investors look for value stocks because they consider them to be underpriced based on the stock’s fundamentals. 
What's a Benchmark?
A benchmark is a standard investors choose to gauge the performance of their portfolios. 
‘Turnkey’ Properties: A Sensible Investment?
Turnkey properties can make sense  for people who want a real estate investment without truly being in the real estate business. ... 
What is the formula for calculating return on equity (ROE) in Excel?
Find out more about return on equity, the formula to calculate it and how to calculate return on equity in Microsoft Excel. 
When phase of the economic cycle tends to be strongest for companies in the retail ...
Learn why retail's cyclical nature leads it to perform best during periods of expansion and how savvy investors use sector ... 
How does the risk of investing in the telecommunications sector compare to the broader ...
Learn how the telecommunications sector exhibits greater risk than the broader market and how investors use this information ... 
What key conditions might explain a company's declining net sales in spite of increasing ...
Explain why a company reports a decline in net sales even though it generates an increase in revenues during the same reporting ... 
What are the most important equity market indexes?
Discover the most important equity market indexes. Stock market indexes are tools to evaluate the performance of the stock ... 
What are the benefits for a company investing in a greenfield investment?
Learn about greenfield investments and the primary potential advantages for a company that chooses this method of foreign ... 
What techniques are most useful for hedging exposure to the telecommunications sector?
Learn about option strategies used to hedge a long stock position in the telecommunications sector, including bear put spreads ... 
What percentage of a diversified portfolio should be exposed to the utilities sector?
Learn how investors determine how much of their diversified portfolio should be dedicated to utilities, a stable sector that ... 
What is the 12b1 fee meant to cover?
Understand what a 12b1 fee is and what it's meant to cover. Learn about how the fee works and what personal investors should ... 
What level of research and development compares to sales is typical in the electronics ...
Discover what level of research and development companies in the electronics sector utilize in comparison to sales, and its ... 
5 Benefits of Rolling Over a 401(k)
Nearing retirement or changing jobs? Here's why you might want to move your 401(k) into an IRA (more investment options, ... 
How Much Does It Cost to Roll Over a 401(k)?
Normally, there's no fee to roll over a 401(k) account. But ask your broker about the cost of opening a new account. That's ... 
Top 5 Emerging Market Bond ETFs
The high growth potential of emerging markets makes these five ETFs popular among risktolerant investors. 
What are examples of typical leasehold improvements?
Learn what alterations are considered leasehold improvements, and find out which alterations are typically found in commercial ... 
What sectors have higher exposure to inherent risk?
Learn how inherent risk in certain sectors, such as financial services, banking, energy and utilities, can pose significant ... 
What are the most popular mutual funds that give exposure to the utilities sector?
Discover some of the most popular and bestperforming mutual funds that investors utilize to obtain exposure to the utilities ... 
What does it signify if the term structure of an interest rate's curve is positive?
Understand what the term structure of interest rates is used to measure. Learn what a positive term structure signifies to ... 
What is the longterm outlook of the utilities sector?
Discover the longterm outlook for the utilities sector, along with the various aspects that make utility stocks appealing ... 
What do cities do with the funds generated from municipal bonds?
Learn more about municipal bonds, including the various types of bonds issued and the purposes of municipal bond funds, such ... 
Vanguard's RoboAdvisor: Tailored to Boomers
Consumers likely will benefit from Vanguard’s entrance into the rapidly expanding roboadvisory market as competition intensifies. ... 
Use This Key Metric to Pick Restaurant Stocks
Investors in the fast food sector should pay attenion to customer service ratings—a good barometer for a company's health. ... 
The 3 Best BuyandHold Stocks For the Next 10 Years
Find out what makes electric cars, burritos and muscle shirts great buyandhold additions to your longterm portfolio. 
Will Spain Exit the Euro?
With a "no" vote in last Sunday’s referendum on whether the Greek people would accept imposed austerity measures, chances ... 
What are some popular mutual funds that give exposure to the telecommunications sector?
Learn about the telecommunications sector, along with some popular mutual funds that provide investors with exposure to companies ... 
What is the average pricetobook ratio in the utilities sector?
Find out more about the pricetobook (P/B) ratio and how to calculate the P/B ratio and the average P/B ratio of the utilities ... 
What is the average pricetobook ratio for companies in the telecommunications sector?
Learn the average pricetobook ratio for the telecommunications sector and which factors investors must control to compare ... 
How is the standard error used in trading?
Understand how the standard error is used in statistics and what it measures. Learn how the standard error is used in trading ... 
What is the average annual dividend yield of companies in the utilities sector?
Learn about the average annual dividend yield of companies in the utilities sector and the overall suitability of the sector ... 
Signs The U.S. Recovery Is Solid
Many market observers lately have been making some pretty pessimistic evaluations of the U.S. economy, declaring that it’s ... 
Betterment vs. Financial Advisor: Which is Best?
Which is better: Betterment or a traditional financial advisor? The answer depends on you, your skills and expectations. ... 
Junk Bonds: Does High Yield Equal Extreme Risk?
Highyield bonds present a lot of risks but do they outweigh the rewards? Here are some ETFs to consider, with caution. 
How to Create a Personal Risk Management Plan
Investors should consider these strategies to establish a risk management plan. 
What is the default risk of a derivative?
Learn about default and counterparty risk for derivatives, and understand why derivatives traded over the counter have significant ... 
What is the average pricetoearnings ratio in the food and beverage sector?
Learn what the average pricetoearnings ratio is in the food and beverage sector and why other measures such as median should ... 
Strategic Asset Allocation: What Percent Belongs in Startups?
The ability to now invest in an emerging class of individual startup securities motivates investors to rethink their strategic ... 
3 Reasons Costco Has Membership Fees
There's more to Costco's membership fees than meet the eye. 
REITs Vs. Real Estate Crowdfunding: How They Differ
There are a few different ways to go about investing in real estate, the two biggest are through REITs and a newcomer to ... 
Looking To Begin Trading In The Stock Market?
If you are a new trader, we explain the differences between penny stocks and options so you can make the best decision for ... 
5 Signs It's Time to Hire an Estate Manager
If managing multiple properties (or just one large estate) is taking up too much of your time, you can hire your way back ... 
How Does Delta Hedging Work?
Delta hedging is a derivative trading strategy that attempts to reduce  or eliminate  the risk caused by price changes ... 
Explaining the Accounting Equation
The accounting equation is the basis for doubleentry accounting, and requires that every business transaction affect two ... 
Google Vs. Bing Vs. Yahoo: The Search Engine Wars
Can Google remain the world's top search engine forever, and if not, which company is poised to take over? 
How Does FIFA Make Money?
A look at the hugely successful business model of FIFA. 
The Top Companies Owned By Alibaba
Alibaba has a wide range of businesses, offering many different products and services that cater to every aspect of retailing. 
Tesla Stock Too Expensive? Trade Tesla Options
Tesla Motors is trading around $260 a share, making it too expensive for many investors. Options offer a lowcost way to ... 
The Most Successful Corporations In The U.S.
These five iconic American brands epitomize corporate success. 
What percentage of a diversified portfolio should be invested in the telecommunications ...
Learn how variables such as risk tolerance and investing strategy determine how much of a diversified portfolio is invested ... 
How do you calculate company equity?
Find out more about company equity, or shareholders' equity, what company equity measures and how to calculate a company's ... 
How does the risk of investing in the retail sector compare to the broader market?
Learn how retail sector risks compare to the broader market and how investors use this information to achieve the best profits ... 
Why should an investor in the retail sector consider the Consumer Confidence Index?
Learn how the Consumer Confidence Index works and why it is such a valuable tool for retail investors to predict future consumer ... 
How much can I borrow with a margin account?
Understand the basics of margin accounts and buying on margin, including what amount investors can typically borrow for purchases ... 
Which type of retailers tend to perform best during weak periods in the economy?
Learn why the grocery and food segment of the retail sector tends to perform better than other retailers during periods of ... 
Which Asset Allocation is Best for Clients?
Modern Portfolio Theory is showing its age. So which asset allocation model is best? 
Want to Diversify? 'Go Alternative,' Advisors Say
Alternative investments are great for diversification, but some advisors remain a bit wary of them, a new Pershing study ...
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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between the return on total assets and an interest rate?
Learn the difference between the return on total assets and an interest rate; the former is a profitability ratio, and the ... 
What is the utility function and how is it calculated?
Learn what the utility function is in microeconomic theory and how it is calculated based on a functional form that represents ... 
Does index trading increase market vulnerability?
Learn how the rise in popularity of passive ETFs and mutual funds tracking indexes has increased the correlation among stocks, ... 
What does a high turnover ratio signify for an investment fund?
Find out more about the turnover ratio, what the turnover ratio measures and what a high turnover ratio indicates about an ...
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