Investing - All Content

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  1. What are the different kinds of shares that a Public Limited Company (PLC) can issue?

    Learn what a public limited company is, and understand all of the various types of stock shares offered by public limited ...
  2. How does accumulated depreciation affect net income?

    Learn why accumulated depreciation does not directly affect a company's net income; understand where a company accounts for ...
  3. What is the difference between efficiency ratios and profitability ratios?

    Learn about efficiency and profitability ratios, what these ratios measure and the main difference between efficiency and ...
  4. What are the macroeconomic effects of allowing stock buying on margin?

    Learn about the macroeconomic effects of allowing stock purchases on margin, such as increasing present access to investment ...
  5. Why would you look at year-over-year rather than quarterly growth?

    Find out why year-over-year growth analysis is more common than quarterly growth analysis in stock valuation and why investors ...
  6. The 10 Riskiest Investments

    Investors seeking high returns must also be prepared for high risk. Here are ten of the riskiest investments available.
  7. Feed Your Appetite For Chipotle Stock with Options

    Chipotle's stock may be out of the average person's price range, but options in-the-money call options offer a way to invest ...
  8. What are the different groups involved in corporate governance?

    Learn about the challenges inherent to defining and executing corporate governance, and understand why different groups work ...
  9. What is the difference between paid-up capital and share capital?

    Learn to differentiate between authorized share capital and paid-up capital. See why paid-up capital can never exceed authorized ...
  10. How do I determine a particular company's market share?

    Learn what market share is, how to calculate a company's market share, and how to interpret the market share of a company ...
  11. How risky is a straddle?

    Learn how options traders use long and short straddles to potentially profit from a market regardless of the direction of ...
  12. Is there a difference between capital gains and dividend income?

    Selling something for a profits leads to capital gains. A payment made by a corporations to stockholders is a dividend. Both ...
  13. How did the financial crisis affect the banking sector?

    Learn how the financial crisis impacted the U.S. and global banking sectors both immediately and with far reaching long-term ...
  14. Why did Howard Schultz leave Starbucks, only to return eight years later?

    Find out why Howard Schultz left Starbucks in 2000, even though he was very successful, and what brought him out of retirement ...
  15. Why do index funds tend to have low expense ratios?

    Understand what an index fund is and why the nature of index funds causes them to have lower expense ratios than more actively ...
  16. What does total stockholders equity represent?

    Understand the equation for total stockholders' equity and what it represents. Learn the components of stockholders' equity ...
  17. What is the current yield curve and why is it important?

    Understand what the current yield curve represents, and learn how market analysts commonly interpret various changes in the ...
  18. What is the difference between ceteris paribus and mutatis mutandis?

    Learn about the Latin phrases "ceteris paribus" and "mutatis mutandis," often used as economic shorthand. Understand the ...
  19. Why is the time value of money (TVM) an important concept to investors?

    Understand why the time value of money is an important concept for investors. Learn when present value and future value calculations ...
  20. Trade Covered Calls On High Dividend Paying Stocks

    We explain the risks, rewards, timing, and profit and loss considerations for covered calls with dividend stocks.
  21. How To Apply Technical Indicators To Mutual Funds

    Mutual funds do not readily lend themselves to technical analysis, but investors can use common indicators to evaluate mutual ...
  22. Was Buffet Right about Derivatives as WMDs?

    Why Warren Buffet described derivatives as weapons of mass destruction, and when can they be helpful or harmful?
  23. What’s Driving U.S. Stocks? Irony.

    A seesaw week for U.S. stocks ended on the upside last week, though the rally was more a function of slow growth rather than ...
  24. How To Choose The Right ETF?

    Choosing the right ETF really isn’t that complicated. If you stay focused on a few key areas, you may find the experience ...
  25. What is Earnest Money?

    An earnest money deposit shows the seller that a buyer is serious about purchasing a property.
  26. Understanding Perpetuity

    Perpetuity means without end. In finance, a perpetuity is a flow of money that will be received on a regular basis without ...
  27. Explaining Market Value of Equity

    Market value of equity is the total value of all the outstanding stock as measured in the stock market at a particular time.
  28. What is a Promissory Note?

    A written promise by one party to pay another party a definite sum of money either on demand or at a specified future date. ...
  29. Understanding Money Supply

    Money supply – also called money stock -- refers to the total amount of currency and other liquid financial products in an ...
  30. Why is the EBITDA margin considered to be a good indicator of a company's financial ...

    Understand why the EBITDA margin is a good indicator of a company's financial health. Learn why it also has some drawbacks ...
  31. What is the formula for calculating opportunity cost?

    Learn about the opportunity cost formula and how businesses use this calculation to decide between investment and capital ...
  32. How attractive is the internet sector for a growth investor?

    Learn why the Internet sector is an attractive option for growth investors, as well as what many of them do to reduce the ...
  33. What are some examples of different types of capital?

    Learn about the different types of capital, including financial, human and social capital, and how each is a valuable asset ...
  34. A Trader's Look at the S&P 500

    Moving averages are sending an important signal, and it's probably not what you think.
  35. What is the point of calculating economic value added (EVA)?

    Understand the reason for calculating economic value added, or EVA, as well as the performance it measures. Learn when a ...
  36. How do I invest or trade market indicators?

    Read about how investors can trade actual market indicators, such as the S&P 500 Index, rather than specific stocks or commodities.
  37. Can the government tax your capital gains from other countries?

    Learn more about how capital gains earned in foreign countries are treated by the IRS. Discover examples of special tax situations ...
  38. What's the difference between economic value added (EVA) and accounting profit?

    Learn the differences between economic value added and accounting profit. Understand the numbers used in each calculation ...
  39. Can individual investors profit from interest rate swaps?

    Find out how individual investors can speculate on interest rate movements through interest rate swaps by trading fixed rate ...
  40. What is a common strategy traders implement when using the Wide-Ranging Days pattern?

    Learn about wide-ranging days and how traders use this single-session candlestick pattern to predict trend reversal and create ...
  41. What are some examples of fixed assets?

    Learn the difference between fixed tangible assets and fixed intangible assets, and review examples of these two types of ...
  42. Is a deficit in the balance of payments a bad thing?

    Discover how it might be possible to run a balance of payments deficit, what that means in terms of international trade and ...
  43. How does a company's capitalization structure affect its profitability?

    Learn about capitalization structure and how the combination of debt and equity a company uses to fund operations can affect ...
  44. What is accounting fraud?

    Learn what accounting fraud is, why a company commits account fraud and some types of accounting fraud that misrepresent ...
  45. What are examples of popular companies in the banking sector?

    Learn about some of the popular companies for bank stocks in the banking industry, a prime component of the financial services ...
  46. What trading strategies help investors withstand a drawdown?

    Understand the concept of drawdown and the importance for traders of having a trading strategy that takes temporary drawdown ...
  47. What does financial accounting focus on?

    Learn the main tenets of financial accounting, the guidelines by which it is governed and how outsiders use it to gauge a ...
  48. What kinds of liabilities appear on the balance sheet?

    Learn what current and non-current liabilities are, the difference between the two, and examples of liabilities that a company ...
  49. What does dividend per share tell investors?

    Learn what dividend per share is, what it means to an investor, and what an increase in it can signal to investors.
  50. Are there leveraged ETFs that track the banking sector?

    Learn about some of the leveraged exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that investors can use to track the banking industry within ...
  51. How should investors interpret unlevered beta?

    Learn what unlevered beta is, how it is calculated, and how investors can interpret the unlevered betas of companies within ...
  52. How are semi-variable costs similar to fixed costs?

    Learn what fixed costs are, what semi-variable costs are, why semi-variable costs are similar to fixed costs, and how semi-variable ...
  53. Cloud Investments: Profitable If Chosen Carefully

    By owning stock in cloud-based service companies, you can follow the latest trends and make money from the explosive growth ...
  54. What is the difference between a balance sheet and a cash flow statement?

    Understand the difference between a balance sheet and an income statement. Learn the three components of each of the financial ...
  55. What is the difference between capital gains and investment income?

    Learn about the difference between capital gains and other types of investment income, such as dividends paid on stock or ...
  56. What is the difference between an expense and a liability?

    Learn what liabilities and expenses are, which financial statements they are listed on, and the differences between liabilities ...
  57. What items are considered liquid assets?

    Learn what a liquid asset is, some examples of liquid assets, what a non-liquid asset is and what determines whether as asset ...
  58. Are solvency ratios more concerned with the short-term or the long-term?

    Learn what solvency is, how to use ratios to determine a company's solvency, and why solvency ratios are concerned with the ...
  59. Can you realize capital gains on intangible property?

    Learn more about capital gains and losses and how they may apply to intangible assets. Find examples of intangible assets ...
  60. When is an expense ratio considered high and when is it considered low?

    Discover what is considered an exceptionally high or low expense ratio for a mutual fund or ETF, and learn why this figure ...
  61. How does opportunity cost impact how cost of debt is evaluated?

    Learn about opportunity cost and how this concept is incorporated into the determination of the actual cost of debt capital ...
  62. What are some ways to reduce downside risk when holding a long position?

    Learn about the various methods a trader can use to minimize risk of loss or protect a portion of profits in an existing ...
  63. What does a strong null hypothesis mean?

    Find out what null hypothesis is and why it is important to the scientific method. See how statisticians and economists use ...
  64. Do landlords set up escrow accounts for their tenants' security deposits?

    Learn when and why landlords place rental property security deposits in separate escrow accounts to make sure the money is ...
  65. Why is a mutual fund's expense ratio important to investors?

    Understand the nature of mutual fund expense ratios, and learn why it is critically important for investors to be aware of ...
  66. How does disposable income influence the marginal propensity to consume (MPC)?

    Learn about the relationship between disposable income and marginal propensity to consume in the classic Keynesian consumption ...
  67. Do companies measure their cost of debt with before- or after-tax returns?

    Understand the before and after-tax calculations of cost of debt capital and how each is useful in deciding between funding ...
  68. Do all economists believe in perfect competition?

    Find out why neoclassical economists use unrealistic perfect competition models, and learn why other economists criticize ...
  69. How do I compare one junk bond to another?

    Discover how to identify, select and compare junk bonds. Learn the role that risk, yield and opportunity cost play in investing ...
  70. What is the difference between fixed cost and total fixed cost?

    Learn what a fixed cost is, what a variable cost is, what total fixed costs are, and the difference between a fixed cost ...
  71. What does free cash flow to equity (FCFE) really tell an analyst?

    Discover the calculation analysts prefer using over the dividend discount model to assess the value of a business, and how ...
  72. What Tech Companies Seeking Funding Must Overcome

    Tech companies face a unique set of challenges, including a need for timely responses to changes in technology and difficulty ...
  73. How To Trade Foreign Stocks

    We weigh the major ways to trade foreign stocks for investors.
  74. Why Is Arbitrage Trading Legal?

    Not only is arbitrage legal in the US and most developed countries, it can be beneficial to the overall health of a market.
  75. Want to Go Long Natural Gas? Eye the UGAZ ETN

    Is UGAZ the best way to play natural gas? Maybe not.
  76. Vietnam -- New Asian Hot Spot For Tech Investment

    Vietnam now has a rapidly expanding tech sector that's attracting investors from around the globe due to low business costs ...
  77. How Bitcoin Can Change The World

    Bitcoin has the potential to not only create savings for consumer, but also to transform global transactions.
  78. Can Bitcoin Be Hacked?

    Can bitcoin itself be hacked?
  79. How ETF Arbitrage Works

    ETF arbitrage brings the market price of ETFs back in line with net asset values when divergence happens. But how does ETF ...
  80. What is the difference between ex-ante moral hazard and ex-post moral hazard?

    Learn what moral hazard is, the difference between ex-ante moral hazard and ex-post moral hazard and the behavioral changes ...
  81. What causes dividends per share to increase?

    Learn what the major factors are that can lead to changes in a company's dividend payouts and drive increases in dividends ...
  82. What are some ways to increase your disposable income?

    Learn what disposable income is and how you can increase your disposable income by working a second job, starting a small ...
  83. Why would growth investors be attracted to the automotive sector?

    Learn why investing in the automotive sector is a smart move for a growth investor looking for greater returns than offered ...
  84. What are the differences between weak, strong and semi-strong versions of the Efficient ...

    Discover how the efficient market theory is broken down into three versions, the hallmarks of each and the anomalies that ...
  85. Where on the internet can I look up price to sales ratios for specific companies?

    Learn what price-to-sales ratio is, how investors can use it to compare different companies in the same sector and which ...
  86. Why should investors be concerned with risk management?

    Learn what risk management is, the difference between systematic and unsystematic risk, and why investors should be concerned ...
  87. What is the difference between a long position and a call option?

    Learn what a long position in a stock is, what a call option is, and the difference between owning shares of a company and ...
  88. Does agency theory apply to brokers and clients?

    Learn how the existence of incentives that encourage moral hazard impacts broker-client relationships. Understand how agency ...
  89. What types of companies tend to have the most deferred revenue?

    Learn what types of companies tend to have the highest levels of deferred revenue. Understand when deferred revenue is recognized ...
  90. Why does delta only range from 1 to -1?

    Learn what the option Greek delta is, what affects the value of delta for an option and why the delta of an option can only ...
  91. What are some examples of stratified random sampling?

    Learn what simple random sampling and stratified random sampling are, some examples of stratified random samples, and how ...
  92. What is the difference between deferred revenue and accrued expense?

    Understand the differences between deferred revenue and accrued expenses. Learn how each is recognized on the balance sheet ...
  93. Why is deferred revenue listed as a liability on the balance sheet?

    Understand why deferred revenue is listed as a liability on a company's balance sheet. Learn what is needed to recognize ...
  94. Why is it important for a financial advisor to have a unique value proposition?

    Understand the elements that make up a unique value proposition and why it's especially important for financial advisers ...
  95. Want Emerging Market REIT Exposure? Eye These ETFs

    It's possible (and easy) to invest in emerging market real estate from the United States — just look at these REIT ETFs. ...
  96. How is cash flow affected by Average Collection Period?

    See how reducing a company's average collection period can help cash flow, and learn why collections practices are so important ...
  97. Why do some economists consider entrepreneurship to be a factor of production?

    Find out if entrepreneurship should be considered a factor of production in economic models, and whether or not entrepreneurs ...
  98. Which is more important when estimating cost of capital - debt or equity?

    Learn about the relative costs of debt and equity and how they affect the overall cost of capital, including why debt may ...
  99. Why do shareholders need financial statements?

    Discover the importance of a company's financial statements for stock shareholders in evaluating their equity investment ...
  100. What is the formula for calculating net present value (NPV)?

    Learn about the formula for net present value (NPV) and how this calculation is used in capital budgeting to determine which ...
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Frequently Asked Questions
  1. What techniques are most useful for hedging exposure to the banking sector?

    Learn how investors hedge exposure to the banking sector by investing in more aggressive sectors and also by investing in ...
  2. How do I find the information needed for input into the Dividend Discount Model (DDM)?

    Learn where analysts and investors can find the three pieces of necessary information that allow them to calculate the dividend ...
  3. What does the Dividend Discount Model (DDM) show an investor about a company?

    Discover the purpose of the dividend discount model, or DDM, of stock analysis and what it specifically aims to evaluate ...
  4. What is the variance/covariance matrix or parametric method in Value at Risk (VaR)?

    Learn about the value at risk and how to calculate the value at risk of an investment portfolio using the variance-covariance, ...
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