DailyFX Fundamentals: Dollar - Where to After the Fed?

By DailyFx | Updated July 30, 2014 AAA

DailyFX.com -

Talking Points:

  • Dollar: Where to After the Fed?
  • British Pound Shows Restraint after BoE Minutes Escalate Probability of 2014 Hike
  • Swiss Franc Traders Should Take Note of the SNB’s Actions

Dollar: Where to After the Fed?

Though the dollar drifted lower and US equities advanced after the FOMC rate decision, the outcome of the event was more mixed than promising for the low-yield and yield-reach outlook. Had the Fed taken a serious dovish tack, the greenback’s tumble would have been more substantial than just the dribble below support and the appetite for exposure to ‘riskier’ assets would have been more broadly based and pronounced. So then, why did the EURUSD edge up to 1.3600 and the S&P 500 close at a record high? Heading into the policy meeting, there was a detectable preparation for a more substantial change – notably one that could have been interpreted as more ‘hawkish’. The dollar checked higher just before the news, Treasury yields recovered through June and volatility readings rose the previous week. The extent of the risk rally and dollar tumble therefore likely depends on how much unwinding there is to do.

Beyond the short-term adjustment from the dollar, though, it is important to interpret what the Fed’s event means through the medium-term. For that, we need to look more closely at the event. A further $10 billion Taper (QE3 is now $35 billion/month) was priced in, but it maintains the pace to wind down by October. The timing of the first hike and subsequent regime thereafter is where most of the speculative amplitude resides for the greenback. A downgraded growth forecast for 2014 was expected after the 1Q GDP slump, and the 2015 and 2016 consensuses were unchanged. Both the inflation and jobless projections modestly reinforced the prevailing time frame for a hike over the horizon.

The rate forecasts were far more interesting. One member shifted their vote to suggest that 2016 was more appropriate for the first hike rather than 2015. That said, 75 percent still believe 2015 will see the first hike. Furthermore, the expectations for the year-end Fed Funds rate (the ‘blue dots’) showed an average 1.2 percent rate at the end of 2015 and 2.5 percent to close 2016 (from 1.125 and 2.4 percent respectively). That insinuates a faster pace of tightening even if the first move is slightly deferred. For the dollar, this may place the US yield outlook behind that of the UK and New Zealand. But, it supports significant appeal over the Eurozone, Japan, China and even Australia. Moreover, should the outlook for rates translate into rising yields, the cost of leverages will increase – eventually undermining leverage and risk trends.

Sign up for the waitlist to receive the FX Real Volume and Transactions indicators when they become available again.

British Pound Shows Restraint after BoE Minutes Escalate Probability of 2014 Hike

This past Thursday, the pound surged after Bank of England Governor Mark Carney remarked the central bank could increase its benchmark rate sooner than the markets expect. Suggesting a timelier hike may be in the works and the market hasn’t accurately priced it in is about as provocative for speculators as it gets. However, what we were offered this past session is arguably even more inflammatory. From the BoE minutes, we learned there was surprise amongst the MPC (Monetary Policy Committee) that the market was assigning such a low probability to a 2014 hike. Following up on that, Martin Weale echoed the bank may need to hike faster than expected and Andrew Haldane said he prefers a ‘front foot’ position on rates. After the sterling’s rise this past year, there is no doubt considerable premium to a timely hike priced in. However, there is no doubt still room for further gains on an even earlier move or a more aggressive pace after the first move.

Swiss Franc Traders Should Take Note of the SNB’s Actions

Where investors obsess over the US and UK monetary policy bearings, there has recently been rather little attention paid to the bearings from the Swiss National Bank. There is good reason to pay closer attention. Coming up this morning, we have the quarterly SNB policy meeting, and the consensus is for no change to the standard policy channels (no rate hike) and there is very little expectation that the extraordinary efforts (the 1.2000-floor on EURCHF) will be changed. That said, there may be a need for further moves from the central bank in the near future. With the ECB turning the stimulus tap back on, there is a notable bearish pressure developing around the euro. If the Eurozone policy authority follows up with asset purchases (QE), that currency pressure will only increase. That means, EURCHF will be pressured towards 1.2000. And even if it doesn’t have the drive to break, it can linger in the area for a much longer time. Will the SNB wait until it is forced to act?

Euro: IMF Encourages ECB to Adopt Quantitative Easing

At the last ECB meeting, the bank made note that the idea of outright asset purchases (QE) was being explored as a policy compliment to the targeted LTRO and rate cuts that were introduced. If a stimulus program along the lines of the Feds QE3 and Japan QQE is introduced, it will materially accelerate the Euro’s decline as the market is flooded with funds. This past session, the IMF voiced its opinion when it suggested the ECB quickly adopt the policy. This is a loose approval from a supranational authority to allow a side-effect of currency devaluation.

New Zealand Dollar Reverses Gains After 1Q GDP Miss

Growth in New Zealand seems to have been in a much better place than the United States and Eurozone. Yet, the market already has a bullish view of the country and its currency. To further an already-optimistic bias, the fundamental read needs to further improve. This morning’s Q1 GDP reading didn’t move the needle. While the period’s 1.0 percent growth is impressive – the year-over-year figure was a 6 year high – it fell modestly short of the consensus. In morning trading, the kiwi is down against all its major counterparts.

Gold Advances as Yields Slip, But Not Yet a Breakout

A more dovish interpretation that what was expected from the Fed is certainly fodder for gold bulls to bid their favorite metal. The commodity rose 0.6 percent this past session to $1,278, but the drive falls short of transitioning to a clear breakout and trend change. The outlook for the Fed is still on the hawkish track and threats of more timely hikes from the UK seriously undermine ambitions to mount a lasting rally.**Bring the economic calendar to your charts with the DailyFX News App.

ECONOMIC DATA

GMT

Currency

Release

Survey

Previous

Comments

1:30

AUD

RBA FX Transaction (Australian dollar) (MAY)

325M

A capital flow measure, this is not out-of-the-ordinary intervention / manipulation effort

1:30

AUD

RBA FX Transactions- Government (MAY)

-375M

1:30

AUD

RBA FX Transactions- Other (MAY)

54M

4:30

JPY

All Industry Activity Index (MoM) (APR)

-4.0%

1.5%

The leading index has slowed this year from a peak of 112.9 to current levels. Recent news-flow has improved since the end of May leaving room for an upside surprise.

5:00

JPY

Leading Index (APR F)

106.6

5:00

JPY

Coincident Index (APR F)

111.1

7:30

CHF

Swiss National Bank Rate Decision

0.0%

0.0%

SNB bank rate has remained at 0.0 percent - the lowest level recorded by the bank - since mid-2011.

8:30

GBP

Retail Sales ex Auto (MoM) (MAY)

-0.6%

1.8%

Retail sales year-on-year are expected to decline in May, after surging to 7.7 percent in April – the highest level in over 5 years.

8:30

GBP

Retail Sales ex Auto (YoY) (MAY)

4.8%

7.7%

9:00

EUR

Italian Current Account (euros) (APR)

1005M

10:00

GBP

CBI Trends Total Orders (JUN)

2

0

Total orders have contracted in the past few months, but the trend has been largely to the upside.

10:00

GBP

CBI Trends Selling Prices (JUN)

5

4

12:30

USD

Initial Jobless Claims (JUN 14)

315K

317K

Jobs data has improved over recent months and the trend is expected to continue with Jobless and Continuing claims falling for the reported period.

12:30

USD

Continuing Claims (JUN 7)

2600K

2614K

14:00

USD

Philadelphia Fed. (JUN)

14.0

15.4

This gauge is expected to show a decline in business sentiment for the third consecutive month.

14:00

USD

Leading Indicators (MAY)

0.6%

0.4%

22:00

NZD

ANZ Job Advertisements (MoM) (MAY)

2.6%

GMT

Currency

Upcoming Events & Speeches

1:30

JPY

BoJ Yoshihisa Morimoto Speaks on Japanese Economy

1:30

AUD

RBA FX Transactions Market

8:00

CHF

SNB Governing Board Holds Press Conference

11:15

EUR

ECB's Vitor Constancio Speaks on Euro Economy

11:30

GBP

BOE’s McCafferty Speaks at Event in London

11:30

EUR

Eurozone Fin Mins and ESM Board Members Meet (Bank Recap)

13:00

EUR

Eurozone Fin Mins Discuss EU Policy Recommendations, Cyprus

17:00

USD

US to Sell $7 Bln in 30-Year Inflation-Protected Treasuries (TIPs)

SUPPORT AND RESISTANCE LEVELS

To see updated SUPPORT AND RESISTANCE LEVELS for the Majors, visit Technical Analysis Portal

To see updated PIVOT POINT LEVELS for the Majors and Crosses, visit our Pivot Point Table

CLASSIC SUPPORT AND RESISTANCE

EMERGING MARKETS 18:00 GMT

SCANDIES CURRENCIES 18:00 GMT

Currency

USD/MXN

USD/TRY

USD/ZAR

USD/HKD

USD/SGD

Currency

USD/SEK

USD/DKK

USD/NOK

Resist 2

13.5800

2.3800

12.7000

7.8165

1.3650

Resist 2

7.5800

5.8950

6.5135

Resist 1

13.1500

2.3000

11.8750

7.8075

1.3250

Resist 1

6.8155

5.8475

6.2660

Spot

12.9860

2.1262

10.6752

7.7511

1.2493

Spot

6.6449

5.4874

6.0115

Support 1

12.8350

2.0700

10.2500

7.7490

1.2000

Support 1

6.0800

5.3350

5.7450

Support 2

12.6000

1.7500

9.3700

7.7450

1.1800

Support 2

5.8085

5.2715

5.5655

INTRA-DAY PROBABILITY BANDS 18:00 GMT

\CCY

EUR/USD

GBP/USD

USD/JPY

USD/CHF

USD/CAD

AUD/USD

NZD/USD

EUR/JPY

Gold

Res 3

1.3664

1.7085

102.56

0.9019

1.0883

0.9462

0.8772

139.41

1292.97

Res 2

1.3645

1.7062

102.40

0.9005

1.0870

0.9446

0.8756

139.19

1288.92

Res 1

1.3626

1.7039

102.25

0.8991

1.0856

0.9430

0.8739

138.96

1284.87

Spot

1.3589

1.6992

101.93

0.8963

1.0830

0.9399

0.8707

138.51

1276.78

Supp 1

1.3552

1.6945

101.61

0.8935

1.0804

0.9368

0.8675

138.06

1268.69

Supp 2

1.3533

1.6922

101.46

0.8921

1.0790

0.9352

0.8658

137.83

1264.64

Supp 3

1.3514

1.6899

101.30

0.8907

1.0777

0.9336

0.8642

137.61

1260.59

v

Related Forex Analysis
  1. Forex News

    Video: The Swiss Gold Vote and the EURCHF

  2. Forex News

    Video: Euro Faces Another Round of Data, Oil Collapses

  3. Forex News

    US Session: Holidays or no holidays, greenback prevails and Oil dumps

  4. Forex News

    EUR/USD taken lower on demand for the greenback - FXStreet

  5. Forex News

    Crude Oil Declines after OPEC Meeting

Trading Center