Fundamentals

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  1. Inventory turnover is an efficiency ratio that shows how quickly a company uses up its supply of goods over a given time frame.

    Reading The Inventory Turnover

    Inventory turnover is a ratio that shows how quickly a company uses up its supply of goods over a given time frame. Inventory ...
  2. ROIC is used to measure how well a company is investing its capital.

    The Return On Invested Capital (ROIC)

    Return on Invested Capital, or ROIC, is a fundamental method of determining a company's financial performance. It is used ...
  3. EPS is one of the most important and most used financial metrics in the realm of equity research.

    Assess Shareholder Wealth With EPS

    Find out if management is doing its job of creating profit for investors.
  4. The cash conversion cycle (CCC) is one of several measures of management effectiveness.

    Understanding The Cash Conversion Cycle

    Find out how a simple calculation can help you uncover the most efficient companies.
  5. The dividend payout ratio and retention ratio measure how much profit a company gives back to shareholders as dividends.

    Dividend Ratios: Payout And Retention

    The dividend payout ratio and retention ratio measure how much profit a company gives back to shareholders as dividends. ...
  6. The debate between those who believe in an efficient market and those who believe that the markets follow a somewhat cyclical path will likely continue for the foreseeable future.

    Financial Markets: Random, Cyclical Or Both?

    Are the markets random or cyclical? It depends on who you ask. Here, we go over both sides of the argument.
  7. When analyzing a company's cash flow statement, it is important to consider each of the various sections that contribute to the overall change in cash position.

    Cash Flow Statement: Analyzing Cash Flow From Financing Activities

    The financing activity in the cash flow statement measures the flow of cash between a firm and its owners and creditors.
  8. Valuation ratios help in measuring the value of companies.

    Comparing The P/E, EPS And Earnings Yield

    P/E may be the established standard for valuation purposes, but the earnings yield is especially useful for comparing potential ...
  9. The investing section of the cash flow statement needs to be analyzed along with a firm’s other financial statements.

    Cash Flow Statement: Analyzing Cash Flow From Investing Activities

    Reviewing investment activity is one of the most important exercises an individual can do to see how efficiently a company's ...
  10. Capital can be raised by issuing either stocks or bonds which make up a firm's capital structure.

    The Optimal Use Of Financial Leverage In A Corporate Capital Structure

    The amount of debt and equity that makes up a company's capital structure has many risk and return implications.
  11. P/E ratio's usefulness and flaws

    Can Investors Trust The P/E Ratio?

    The P/E ratio is one of the most popular stock market ratios, but it has some serious flaws that investors should know about. ...
  12. The Common Size Analysis helps analysts compare the results and performance of various related firms on a percentage basis.

    The Common-Size Analysis Of Financial Statements

    Using common-size financial statements helps investors spot trends that a raw financial statement may not uncover.
  13. Trading the news should be an integral component of your investing strategy

    How To Trade The News

    Regardless of your investing horizon, learning to trade the news is an essential skill for astute portfolio management and ...
  14. To determine how book value relates to market value, look at the income generated by the company's assets.

    The Market Value Versus Book Value

    Understanding the difference between book value and market value is a simple yet fundamentally critical component of any ...
  15. thinkstock|istock

    Evaluate Stock Price With Reverse-Engineering DCF

    This is a more accurate method to use when trying to find a target price for a stock.
  16. Blue chip stocks are large, established corporations that tend to have more predictable earnings than small cap companies.

    Analyzing Blue-Chip Stocks

    To find a good value on a blue-chip stocks, look for companies with strong fundamentals, appropriate levels of debt and competitive ...
  17. A business's gross margin is a rough gauge of how profitable its operations are.

    The Gross Margin

    A business's "gross margin" is a rough gauge of how profitable its operations are. It measures how much sales revenue the ...
  18. Operating cash flow can uncover a company's true profitability.

    Cash Flow Statement: Reviewing The Cash Flow From Operations

    A company's ability to consistently generate positive cash flows from its daily business operations is highly valued by investors. ...
  19. thinkstock|istock

    Technical Vs. Fundamental Investing - Friends Or Foes?

    Making money in the stock market has been likened to gambling by some, but experienced investors who do their homework usually ...
  20. Using assets on the balance sheet, investors can analyze a company for liquidity and solvency.

    Reviewing Assets On The Balance Sheet

    A firm uses its assets to generate sales and bottom-line profits for shareholders. A healthy company will continually grow ...
  21. The NYSE floor excitement after a rebound. Being a stock trader can be highly gratifying.

    Introduction to Stock Trader Types

    Being a stock trader can be both profitable and gratifying. To maximize the financial benefits and your own enjoyment, you ...
  22. thinkstock|istock

    Introduction To Fundamentally Weighted Index Investing

    If you believe the market smiles on those who focus on value, growth or income, this vehicle may be for you.
  23. The transportation industry as a percentage of U.S. GDP was 3% as of 2012.

    How To Analyze The Transportation Industry

    By gaining an awareness of the transportation firms and trends that affect these players, investors can gain an edge by analyzing ...
  24. A solvent and liquid company may indicate a good buy for an investor.

    Financial Analysis: Solvency Vs. Liquidity Ratios

    Solvency and liquidity are equally important for a company's financial health. A number of financial ratios are used to measure ...
  25. Coverage ratios are useful for analyzing a company's ability to repay its debt.

    An Introduction To Coverage Ratios

    Interest coverage ratios help determine a company's ability to pay down its debt.
  26. Key metrics suggest that it could be time to invest in healthcare facilties.

    Investing In Healthcare Facilities

    Read on to learn about how to value heathcare sector stocks.
  27. Oil And Gas Industry Primer

    Before jumping into this hot sector, learn how these companies make their money.
  28. Analyzing An Acquisition Announcement

    These deals can make or break investors' returns. Find out how to tell the difference.
  29. Yield Investing: Dividend, Earnings And FCF

    There are numerous ways to value investments, and many investors prefer a specific valuation method. Yield investing is one ...
  30. How To Value An Insurance Company

    In the insurance space, accurate predictions of metrics such as ROE are important, and paying a low P/B can help put the ...
  31. Introduction To STRIPS

    STRIPS provide an alternative form of bond for fixed-income investors who need definite cash flows at specific times. Read ...
  32. Equity Valuation: The Comparables Approach

    The main purpose of equity valuation is to estimate a value for a firm or security. There are three primary equity valuation ...
  33. Understanding Leverage Ratios

    Large amounts of debt can cause businesses to become less competitive and, in some cases, lead to default. To lower their ...
  34. Understanding Profit Metrics: Gross, Operating and Net Profits

    Rather than relying solely on net profit figures to evaluate a company's performance, seasoned investors will often look ...
  35. Weighted Average Cost Of Capital (WACC)

    Weighted average cost of capital may be hard to calculate, but it's a solid way to measure investment quality
  36. Guide to Pairs Trading

    Pairs traders wait for weakness in the correlation, and then go long on the under-performer while simultaneously going short ...
  37. What Type Of Trader Are You?

    There are different ways stock traders attempt to profit from market movements. Which of the strategies do you use?
  38. Interpreting A Company's IPO Prospectus Report

    Learn to decipher the secret language of the IPO prospectus report - it can tell you a lot about a company's future.
  39. Consumer Spending As A Market Indicator

    What people buy and where they shop can provide valuable information about the economy.
  40. Depreciation: Straight-Line Vs. Double-Declining Methods

    Appreciate the different methods used to describe how book value is "used up".
  41. Invest Like Buffett: Building A Baby Berkshire

    Get a piece of Warren Buffett's profit by using Form 13F to coattail his picks.
  42. Differences Between Forward P/E And Trailing P/E

    The most common types of price to earnings ratios are forward P/E and trailing P/E. Find out how they differ and the advantages ...
  43. The Basics Of A Financial Analysis Report

    Running financial analysis on a company or industry is a key skill every investor must learn and understand how to undertake ...
  44. How To Use Price-To-Sales Ratios To Value Stocks

    Take a look at how this effective ratio can be influenced by certain critical factors.
  45. Everything Investors Need To Know About Earnings

    We go over the concepts behind the excitement over the most important figure in the stock market.
  46. Finding Undiscovered Stocks

    Wall Street tends to focus on large cap stocks, leaving other stocks under-followed and undervalued.
  47. Tips For Controlling Investment Losses

    A profit/loss plan helps investors recognize mistakes and invest logically, rather than emotionally.
  48. How To Make A Winning Long-Term Stock Pick

    Discover the key elements of a good long-term investment and how to find them.
  49. How To Find P/E And PEG Ratios

    If these numbers have you in the dark, these easy calculations should help light the way.
  50. Goodwill

    Goodwill is more than just benevolence - it also refers to an accounting term frequently used in M&A. Learn more about ...
  51. Writing Down Goodwill

    Goodwill represents an acquisition amount over and above what the purchased firm’s net assets are deemed to be valued at ...
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